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The fall of dictatorial regimes and the eruption of destructive civil conflicts around the world have led to calls for holding individuals accountable for human rights atrocities. International law had little to say on this subject from the time of the Nuremberg and Tokyo trials fifty years ago until very recently. In this well-researched book, Steven Ratner and Jason Abrams offer a comprehensive study of the promise and limitations of international criminal law as a means of enforcing international human rights and humanitarian law. They provide a searching analysis of the principal crimes under the law of nations, such as genocide and crimes against humanity. They go on to appraise the most important prosecutorial and other mechanisms developed to bring individuals to justice. After applying their conclusions in a detailed case study, the authors offer a series of compelling conclusions on the prospects for accountability. In this new edition the authors also cover recent developments such as the jurisprudence of the UN's Yugoslavia and Rwanda tribunals, new domestic attempts at accountability, and the International Criminal Court. This new edition has been revised and updated to include developments since 1997, including domestic prosecutions and truth commission, the work of the UN's Yugoslavia and Rwand Tribunals, and the International Criminal Court.
Knapp 20 Jahre nach dem Ende des Khmer Rouge-Regimes, das bis zu drei Millionen Todesopfer forderte, traten die Vereinten Nationen 1997 erstmals in Verhandlungen mit Kambodscha uber die Errichtung eines Sondergerichts. Die Arbeit behandelt das nunmehr im Jahr 2006 etablierte Khmer Rouge-Tribunal und untersucht anhand dieser Fallstudie, inwieweit die neuen institutionellen Mischformen der hybriden Tribunale in die bestehenden Auspragungen bisheriger rechtlicher Mechanismen zur Aufarbeitung von Volkermord und Verbrechen gegen die Menschlichkeit passen und ob sie gleichermassen schlechter oder besser geeignet sind, Menschenrechtsverletzungen aufzuarbeiten, ihnen nachhaltig entgegenzuwirken, zu einer nationalen oder internationalen Aussohnung beizutragen und Rechtsstaatlichkeit herzustellen. Es wird der Frage nachgegangen, inwiefern internationalisierte Tribunale im Verhaltnis zu nationalen Gerichten, internationalen Ad hoc-Tribunalen - wie dem ICTY - oder zum Internationalen Strafgerichtshof eine Existenzberechtigung aufweisen und ob ihnen Modellcharakter zuerkannt werden kann, um sich auch langfristig als wirksames Mittel zur Durchsetzung internationalen Rechts zu behaupten."
Dominik Pfeiffer entwickelt ein neues Theoriewerkzeug zur Analyse der Globalisierung von Transitional Justice, die ein vor einigen Jahrzehnten entstandener soziopolitischer Prozess ist, der sich durch und über eine Einbettung in Weltkultur (die „World Polity“) vollzogen hat. Es kam nicht nur zu einer weitgehenden Normalisierung, sondern auch zu einer Rationalisierung des Umgangs mit massiver Gewalt und Gräueltaten. Die Globalisierung von Transitional Justice ist als eine ambivalente Entwicklung zu begreifen, die zugleich für zu wenig und zu viel globale Gerechtigkeit sorgt: So entziehen sich trotz allem immer wieder mächtige Staaten der Ahndung von Makrogewalt, während gleichzeitig an anderen Orten Aufarbeitungsprozesse maßgeblich durch globale Normen und Mechanismen beeinflusst werden.
Regulation by public and private organizations can be hijacked by special interests or small groups of powerful firms, and nowhere is this easier than at the global level. In whose interest is the global economy being regulated? Under what conditions can global regulation be made to serve broader interests? This is the first book to examine systematically how and why such hijacking or "regulatory capture" happens, and how it can be averted. Walter Mattli and Ngaire Woods bring together leading experts to present an analytical framework to explain regulatory outcomes at the global level and offer a series of case studies that illustrate the challenges of a global economy in which many institutions are less transparent and are held much less accountable by the media and public officials than are domestic institutions. They explain when and how global regulation falls prey to regulatory capture, yet also shed light on the positive regulatory changes that have occurred in areas including human rights, shipping safety, and global finance. This book is a wake-up call to proponents of network governance, self-regulation, and the view that technocrats should be left to regulate with as little oversight as possible. In addition to the editors, the contributors are Kenneth W. Abbott, Samuel Barrows, Judith L. Goldstein, Eric Helleiner, Miles Kahler, David A. Lake, Kathryn Sikkink, Duncan Snidal, Richard H. Steinberg, and David Vogel.
In a world full of armed conflict and human misery, global justice remains one of the most compelling missions of our time. Understanding the promises and limitations of global justice demands a careful appreciation of international law, the web of binding norms and institutions that help govern the behaviour of states and other global actors. This book provides a new interdisciplinary approach to global justice, one that integrates the work and insights of international law and contemporary ethics. It asks whether the core norms of international law are just, appraising them according to a standard of global justice derived from the fundamental values of peace and the protection of human rights. Through a combination of a careful explanation of the legal norms and philosophical argument, Ratner concludes that many international law norms meet such a standard of justice, even as distinct areas of injustice remain within the law and the verdict is still out on others. Among the subjects covered in the book are the rules on the use of force, self-determination, sovereign equality, the decision making procedures of key international organizations, the territorial scope of human rights obligations (including humanitarian intervention), and key areas of international economic law. Ultimately, the book shows how an understanding of international law's moral foundations will enrich the global justice debate, while exposing the ethical consequences of different rules.
This new edition of International Law confirms the text's status as the definitive book on the subject. Combining both his expertise as academic and practitioner, Malcolm Shaw's survey of the subject motivates and challenges both student and professional. By offering an unbeatable combination of clarity of expression and academic rigour, he ensures both understanding and critical analysis in an engaging and authoritative style. The text has been updated throughout to reflect recent case law and treaty developments. It retains the detailed references which encourage and assist further reading and study.

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