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Global Responses to AIDSanalyses the response to AIDS from various groups involved in developing knowledge of and about a health crisis that (a) had unique public scrutiny and media coverage; (b) generated an organised social response from the homosexual communities of the United States; (c) was subject to special programs of the World Health Organisation for global action and intervention; (d) was portrayed by health agencies and the media as having different epidemic patterns from the developed and developing world; (e) coincided with a moment of intensification of trans-national connections, flows of funding, and new communication systems. Rio de Janeiro serves as an observation point for the study of the intersecting worlds of activism, clinical, and biomedical research. Why Rio de Janeiro and not New York City, or other centres of major research laboratories, activist groups, and hospitals? Because in a semi-peripheral setting like Rio, the contrast of the central and peripheral conditions in the production of knowledge readily emerge. This variable has rarely been taken into account in the social study of science, and it became of utmost importance in the response to AIDS. If the 'global approach' to AIDS promoted by WHO was also interactive, it might mean that peripheral knowledge in medicine, such as the developments in infectious diseases that remained a Third World problem, might be relevant to the understanding of many aspects of AIDS. Global Responses to AIDS pursues this issue, examining the different agendas of the groups involved in studying the crisis, the actors, their interacting networks, their power relationships, their practices, and reproduction of knowledge. Cristiana Bastos is a Senior Research Fellow at the Social Sciences Institute, University of Lisbon and is the author of Montes do Nordeste Algarvio and several articles on Algarve and Alentejo.
The graying of the U.S. population draws increasing focus to historically unattended segments of society, including sexual and gender minorities. In this first comprehensive volume to address the challenges of aging in the gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender, and intersex populations, this text presents what is currently known about aging GLBT individuals and what services are needed to support them. The editors first provide an introductory overview comparing caregiving in GLBT and normative aging communities. In chapters devoted to the issues of each alternative sexuality and gender identity community, top experts in the field discuss biomedical, psychological, social/sexual, spiritual, socioeconomic, and service topics related to that community's aging needs. GLBT populations face unique challenges as they age. Despite the often severe difficulties they encounter, many live out their final years with the dignity and grace that all of us deserve. With a combination of the latest biological and social science research, moving case studies and first-person accounts, practical advice for health professionals, and research literature citations, this book represents a major step forward in addressing concerns of aging GLBT populations. Integrating research, practice, and policy, this text is for students and professionals in gerontology, medicine, social work, psychology, nursing, public health, and related fields who wish to learn more about the life experiences and concerns of sexual- and gender-minority-identified older patients. -- W. Andrew Achenbaum, University of Houston
A thoroughly researched account of the AIDS epidemic in the southern African region.
This interdisciplinary volume of thirty original essays engages with four key concerns of queer theoretical work - identity, discourse, normativity and relationality. The terms ’queer’ and ’theory’ are put under interrogation by a combination of distinguished and emerging scholars from a wide range of international locations, in an effort to map the relations and disjunctions between them. These contributors are especially attendant to the many theoretical discourses intersecting with queer theory, including feminist theory, LGBT studies, postcolonial theory, psychoanalysis, disability studies, Marxism, poststructuralism, critical race studies and posthumanism, to name a few. This Companion provides an up to the minute snapshot of queer scholarship from the past two decades and identifies many current directions queer theorizing is taking, while also signposting several fruitful avenues for future research. This book is both an invaluable and authoritative resource for scholars and an indispensable teaching tool for use in the classroom.
Aging Men, Masculinities and Modern Medicine explores the multiple socio-historical contexts surrounding men’s aging bodies in modern medicine from a global perspective. The first of its kind, it investigates the interrelated aspects of aging, masculinities and biomedicine, allowing for a timely reconsideration of the conceptualisation of aging men within the recent explosion of social science studies on men’s health and biotechnologies including anti-aging perspectives. This book discusses both healthy and diseased states of aging men in medical practices, bringing together theoretical and empirical conceptualisations. Divided into four parts it covers: Historical epistemology of aging, bodies and masculinity and the way in which the social sciences have theorised the aging body and gender. Material practices and processes by which biotechnology, medical assemblages and men’s aging bodies relate to concepts of health and illness. Aging experience and its impact upon male sexuality and identity. The importance of men’s roles and identities in care-giving situations and medical practices. Highlighting how aging men’s bodies serve as trajectories for understanding wider issues of masculinity, and the way in which men’s social status and men’s roles are made in medical cultures, this innovative volume offers a multidisciplinary dialogue between sociology of health and illness, anthropology of the body and gender studies.
Composed entirely of specially commissioned chapters by some of the outstanding scholars in medical sociology, this edition reflects important changes in the study of health and illness. In addition to updated and reconceived chapters on the impacts of gender, race, and inequality on health, this volume has new chapters on topics that include: --social networks, neighborhoods, and social capital --disability --dying and "the right to die" --health disparities --the growing influence of the pharmaceutical industry --the internet --evidence-based medicine and quality of care --health social movements --genetics --religion, spirituality, and health

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