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The Arctic is now experiencing some of the most rapid and severe climate change on earth. Over the next 100 years, climate change is expected to accelerate, contributing to major physical, ecological, social, and economic changes, many of which have already begun. Changes in arctic climate will also affect the rest of the world through increased global warming and rising sea levels. The volume addresses the following major topics: - Research results in observing aspects of the Arctic climate system and its processes across a range of time and space scales - Representation of cryospheric, atmospheric, and oceanic processes in models, including simulation of their interaction with coupled models - Our understanding of the role of the Arctic in the global climate system, its response to large-scale climate variations, and the processes involved.
Although we are seeing more weather and climate extremes, individual extreme events are very diverse and generalization of trends is difficult. For example, mid-latitude and subtropical climate extremes such as heat waves, hurricanes and droughts have increased, and could have been caused by processes including arctic amplification, jet stream meandering, and tropical expansion. This volume documents various climate extreme events and associated changes that have been analyzed through diagnostics, modeling, and statistical approaches. The identification of patterns and mechanisms can aid the prediction of future extreme events. Volume highlights include: Compilation of processes and mechanisms unique to individual weather and climate extreme events Discussion of climate model performance in terms of simulating high-impact weather and climate extremes Summary of various existing theories, including controversial ones, on how climate extremes will continue to become stronger and more frequent Climate Extremes: Patterns and Mechanisms is a valuable resource for scientists and graduate students in the fields of geophysics, climate physics, natural hazards, and environmental science. Read an interview with the editors to find out more: https://eos.org/editors-vox/how-does-changing-climate-bring-more-extreme-events
This book provides new insights on the study of global environmental changes using the ecoinformatics tools and the adaptive-evolutionary technology of geoinformation monitoring. The main advantage of this book is that it gathers and presents extensive interdisciplinary expertise in the parameterization of global biogeochemical cycles and other environmental processes in the context of globalization and sustainable development. In this regard, the crucial global problems concerning the dynamics of the nature-society system are considered and the key problems of ensuring the system’s sustainable development are studied. A new approach to the numerical modeling of the nature-society system is proposed and results are provided on modeling the dynamics of the system’s characteristics with regard to scenarios of anthropogenic impacts on biogeochemical cycles, land ecosystems and oceans. The main purpose of this book is to develop a universal guide to information-modeling technologies for assessing the function of environmental subsystems under various climatic and anthropogenic conditions.
Overview of sea ice growth and properties / Chris Petrich & Hajo Eicken -- Sea ice thickness distribution / Christian Haas -- Snow in the sea-ice system : friend or foe? / Matthew Sturm & Robert A. Massom -- Sea ice and sunlight / Donald K. Perovich -- The sea ice-ocean boundary layer / Miles G. McPhee -- The atmosphere over sea ice / Ola Persson & Timo Vihma -- Sea ice and arctic ocean oceanography / Finlo Cottier, Mike Steele & Frank Nielsen -- Oceanography and sea ice in the southern ocean / Michael P. Meredith & Mark A. Brandon -- Methods of satellite remote sensing of sea ice / Gunnar Spreen & Stefan Kern -- Gaining (and losing) antarctic sea ice : variability, trends and mechanisms / Sharon Stammerjohn & Ted Maksym -- Losing arctic sea ice : observations of the recent decline and the long-term context / Walt N. Meier -- Sea ice in earth system models / Dirk Notz & Cecilia M. Bitz -- Sea ice as a habitat for bacteria, archaea and viruses / Jody W. Deming & R. Eric Collins -- Sea ice as a habitat for primary producers / Kevin R. Arrigo -- Sea ice as a habitat for micrograzers / David A. Caron, Rebecca J. Gast & Marie-Eve Garneau -- Sea ice as a habitat for macrograzers / Bodil A. Bluhm, Kerrie M. Swadling & Rolf Gradinger -- Nutrients, dissolved organic matter and exopolymers in sea ice / Klaus M. Meiners & Christine Michel -- Gases in sea ice / Jean-Louis Tison, Bruno Delille & Stathys Papadimitriou -- Transport and transformation of contaminants in sea ice / Feiyue Wang, Monika Pucko & Gary Stern -- Numerical models of sea ice biogeochemistry / Martin Vancoppenolla & Letizia Tedesco -- Arctic marine mammals and sea ice / Kristin L. Laidre & Eric V. Regehr -- Antarctic marine mammals and sea ice / Marthán N. Bester, Horst Bornemann & Trevor McIntyre -- A feathered perspective : the influence of sea ice on arctic marine birds / Nina J. Karnovsky & Maria V. Gavrilo -- Birds and antarctic sea ice / David Ainley, Eric J. Woehler & Amelie Lescroel -- Sea ice is our beautiful garden : indigenous perspectives on sea ice of sea ice in the arctic / Henry P. Huntington, Shari Gearheard, Lene Kielsen Holm, George Noongwook, Margaret Opie & Joelie Sanguya -- Advances in palaeo sea-ice estimation / Leanne Armand, Alexander Ferry & Amy Leventer -- Ice in subarctic seas / Hermanni Kaartokallio, Mats A. Granskog, Harri Kuosa & Jouni Vainio
Im Winter ist das Südpolarmeer fast vollständig von Eis bedeckt. Kein Schiff wagt sich dann in diese Gegend. Der FS POLARSTERN, dem Forschungseisbrecher des Alfred-Wegener-Instituts, gelang die Überwinterung in der Antarktis. Heftige Schneestürme, tagelanges Driften mit den Eisschollen und eisige Minusgrade - das Buch nimmt Sie mit auf eine atemberaubende Expedition, zeigt die Schönheit des gefrorenen Ozeans und gibt einen tiefen Einblick in die Polarforschung.
Das Buch gibt einen fundierten Einblick in Grundlagen, Methoden und Ergebnisse der Satellitenmeteorologie, d. h. der satellitengestützten Fernerkundung der Atmosphäre und ihrer Randbereiche zur globalen Gewinnung von Daten über wetter- und klimarelevante Parameter. Strahlungsphysik, Satellitenbahnen und Messprinzipien als Grundlagen werden allgemeinverständlich dargestellt. Fachautoren erläutern in Einzelkapiteln die Nutzung von Satellitendaten zur Bestimmung meteorologischer Größen, wie etwa Wind oder Niederschlag. Sensoren, Messmethoden und Ableitungsverfahren werden beschrieben und Ergebnisse anhand von Beispielen veranschaulicht. Mehr als 150 Abbildungen erleichtern das Verständnis. Tabellen zu Kenndaten von Satelliten und Instrumenten, ein umfangreiches Glossar, themenspezifische Literaturlisten und Web-Links runden das Werk ab.
Der Sachstandsbericht liefert einen Überblick über das wissenschaftlich gesicherte Wissen zu Klima, Klimavariabilität und Klimawandel in der Region Hamburg. Dabei beschreiben die Autoren sowohl das Wissen über die letzten 100 Jahre als auch über mögliche Veränderungen in den kommenden 100 Jahren. Es wird dargestellt, auf welchen Feldern Übereinstimmung besteht, wo Uneinigkeit oder Unwissen herrschen und wo Forschungsbedarf besteht. Der Bericht wurde im Rahmen des Exzellenzclusters CliSAP am KlimaCampus der Universität Hamburg erarbeitet.

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