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A “delightfully astute” and “entertaining” history of the mishaps and meltdowns that have marked the path of scientific progress (Kirkus Reviews, starred review). Radiation: What could go wrong? In short, plenty. From Marie Curie carrying around a vial of radium salt because she liked the pretty blue glow to the large-scale disasters at Chernobyl and Fukushima, dating back to the late nineteenth century, nuclear science has had a rich history of innovative exploration and discovery, coupled with mistakes, accidents, and downright disasters. In this lively book, long-time advocate of continued nuclear research and nuclear energy James Mahaffey looks at each incident in turn and analyzes what happened and why, often discovering where scientists went wrong when analyzing past meltdowns. Every incident, while taking its toll, has led to new understanding of the mighty atom—and the fascinating frontier of science that still holds both incredible risk and great promise.
PLEASE NOTE: This is a summary of the book and NOT the original book. Atomic Accidents by James Mahaffey - A 30-minute Instaread Summary Inside this Instaread Summary: • Overview of the entire book • Introduction to the important people in the book • Summary and analysis of all the chapters in the book • Key Takeaways of the book • A Reader's Perspective Preview of this summary: Introduction Water in the form of steam has always intrigued and terrified people. Steam locomotives were fascinating in their heyday. They tended to explode, crash into each other and run off the rails. Some people were so afraid of this technology, they would not ride trains. However, everyone seemed to love watching staged train crashes. This entertainment was popular from the 1890s until the 1930s. One impresario of the staged crash was William “Bill” Crush, an agent for a Texas railroad. Forty thousand people witnessed his first crash staged near Waco in 1896. Crush knew little about the mechanics of steam engines, but insisted his hundred-mile-an-hour crash would be safe. He was wrong. The resulting boiler explosion killed three and injured six. Another promoter, “Head-On” Joe Connelly, was more successful. He staged seventy-three crashes without killing anyone. Unlike Crush, he knew he had to keep the train speed down and hold spectators back. The last staged crash of this type was in 1935. The fear of steam explosions never left the public’s mind. When engineers began developing nuclear power, they believed that steam explosions were the major challenge to safety. Although other methods were investigated, boiling water was, and still is, the cheapest and most reliable way to collect energy produced at a power plant. Therefore, it was not a challenge that could be worked around when designing a nuclear power plant. Additionally, steam from a nuclear plant accident can spread radiation. In fact, during the Cold War, public fear of radiation was more intense than fear of steam locomotives ever was. Chapter 1 In November 1879, three hunters in the Ozarks found a cave filled with a weird vein of silvery-blue metal. They had to flee when they became dizzy, disoriented and short of breath. One of the hunters, Billy Henry, broke out in strange sores. He recovered and the story was forgotten. In Europe, neon lights and X-rays were discovered as scientists unraveled the mysteries of the atom. Radiology was discovered in the United States by Nikola Tesla, but he did not pursue practical applications, so Wilhelm Rontgen of Germany got the honor of introducing radiology to the world. Tesla decided to take another look and stuck his head in an X-ray beam for science. He developed blisters and other wounds. He advised everyone to avoid radiation...
This second edition of Historical Dictionary of Environmentalism contains a chronology, an introduction, and an extensive bibliography. The dictionary section has over 300 cross-referenced entries on important events, issues, organizations, ideas, and people shaping the direction of environmentalism worldwide.
The Atomic Space Age has been and continues to be an engine for future wealth creation. Humanity stands on the verge of becoming an interplanetary species. We know we are made of star-stuff precisely because many of the isotopes in our bodies originated in the death throes of dying suns. With the discovery of nuclear fission in 1938, mankind was for the first time able to glimpse both our distant past and our possible future. As with the discovery of fire and agriculture thousands of years ago, wind power hundreds of years ago, and steam power and electricity in the nineteenth century, we must now learn to tame this powerful new force locked within the heart of the atom. Buckminster Fuller once observed that wealth is nothing more than energy compounded by ingenuity. Since (mass-)energy can never decrease, and ingenuity will only increase, there is no limit to the quantity of wealth that our species can and will create using nuclear space propulsion.
In an era defined by anxiety over global warming and the search for alternative fuel sources, nuclear power is rarely part of the conversation. It promises limitless power and a drastic reduction in greenhouse gas emissions worldwide. Yet, it is by no means perfectly safe or “clean,” as Three Mile Island, Chernobyl, and Fukushima remind us. Even so, thirty countries are operating 444 reactors, accounting for almost 11 percent of the world’s electricity production. The debate over nuclear energy is a fierce and emotional one, and arguments, agendas, assumptions, and factual information must be scrutinized meticulously and carefully. This volume allows readers to do just that as they begin to form their own opinions on the viability of nuclear power.
إن هذا الكتاب مع كونه منهجاً دراسياً متكاملاً لدارسي الإشعاع من طلبة كليتي العلوم والهندسة، لكنه يصلح منهجاً لدورة مركزة لفنيي الأشعة والباحثين والعاملين في أقسام الفيزياء والكيمياء وعلوم الأرض وأقسام الهندسة النووية، وفي أقسام كل من الطب النووي والقائمين بعمليات التشخيص والعلاج الإشعاعي، سواء كان هؤلاء العاملون في الجامعات أو المستشفيات أو في مراكز البحوث، وكذلك لا يستغني عنه بقية المتعاملين مع الإشعاع. ويعدُّ الكتاب -إضافة إلى ذلك- أحد المراجع المهمة للأطباء والخبراء وأساتذة الجامعات وللعاملين في المراكز الطبية والزراعية والصناعية والعسكرية المهتمة بتطبيقات الإشعاع. العبيكان للنشر

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