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This book looks at why it's so difficult to create 'the rule of law' in post-conflict societies such as Iraq and Afghanistan, and offers critical insights into how policy-makers and field-workers can improve future rule of law efforts. A must-read for policy-makers, field-workers, journalists and students trying to make sense of the international community's problems in Iraq and elsewhere, this book shows how a narrow focus on building institutions such as courts and legislatures misses the more complex cultural issues that affect societal commitment to the values associated with the rule of law. The authors place the rule of law in context, showing the interconnectedness between the rule of law and other post-conflict priorities, such as reestablishing security. The authors outline a pragmatic, synergistic approach to the rule of law which promises to reinvigorate debates about transitions to democracy and post-conflict reconstruction.
This book, which originated from the broadly held view that there is a lack of Rule-of-law in Mexico, and from the emphasis of traditional academia on cultural elements as the main explanation, explores the question of whether there is any relationship between the system of constitutional review ― and thus the ‘law’ as such ― and the level of Rule-of-law in a given state. To do so, it elaborates a theoretical model for achieving Rule-of-law and compares it to the constitutional review systems of the United States, the Federal Republic of Germany, and Mexico. The study concludes that the two former states correspond to the model, while the latter does not. This is fundamentally due to the role each legal system assigns to ordinary jurisdiction in carrying out constitutional review. Whereas the US and Germany have fostered the policy that constitutional review regarding the enforcement of basic rights is the responsibility of ordinary courts, Mexico has relied too heavily on the specialized constitutional jurisdiction.
Ausgezeichnet mit dem Deutschen Studienpreis 2009, Sektion Sozialwissenschaften. Statebuilding ist zu einer Kernaufgabe globalen Regierens avanciert. Bisherige Versuche, durch internationale Interventionen Staaten nach westlichem Muster zu formen, sind jedoch hinter ihren Zielen zuruckgeblieben. Diese Studie geht der Frage nach, wie sich liberales Statebuildung auf die Institutionalisierungsdynamik staatlicher Herrschaft auswirkt. Am Beispiel Bosnien und Herzegowina wird gezeigt, dass Statebuilding gleichzeitige Prozesse der Staatsstarkung und -schwachung auslost. Diese tragen einerseits zum Aufbau formaler Institutionen bei, andererseits behindern sie aber in vielerlei Hinsicht die Konsolidierung legal-rationaler Staatlichkeit. Im Ergebnis mangelt es dem bosnisch-herzegowinischen Staat hinter einer modernen Staatsfassade an substanzieller Handlungsfahigkeit und Legitimitat. Die internationale Politik des Statebuilding stosst letztlich an strukturelle Grenzen."
English summary: What role does democracy as a norm in international law play for the concept of peace building within the UN system? In contrast to the common perspective in which the question of the international legal normativity of democracy is almost always associated with the admissibility of military interventions or non-military sanctions, Ferry Buhring focuses on post-conflict responsibility. In a post-conflict situation, the conflict-torn community typically faces the challenge of having to redesign its institutional framework. In this post-conflict phase, 'the' principle of democracy as represented in international law can have an effect on the course of action taken. Using the example of UN missions in Cambodia and East Timor, Buhring investigates the application of international law within a 'democratic peace building process' in terms of a (re-)construction, or in other words a strengthening of sustainable democratic structures. German description: Welche Bedeutung hat die Demokratie als Norm des Volkerrechts fur das Konzept der Friedenskonsolidierung im System der Vereinten Nationen? Im Unterschied zur gangigen Perspektive, in der die Frage nach der Volkerrechtsnormativitat der Demokratie zumeist mit der Zulassigkeit militarischer Interventionen oder nicht-militarischer Sanktionen verknupft wird, geht es Ferry Buhring um die Konfliktnachsorge. In der Postkonfliktsituation steht das vom Konfliktgeschehen zerruttete Gemeinwesen typischerweise vor der Herausforderung einer Neugestaltung seiner staatlichen Ordnung. In dieser Nachkonfliktphase kann "das" volkerrechtliche Demokratieprinzip handlungsleitende Wirkungen entfalten. Am Beispiel der UN-Operationen in Kambodscha und Osttimor wird die volkerrechtliche Praxis einer "demokatischen Friedenskonsolidierung" im Sinne eines (Wieder-) Aufbaus bzw. einer Starkung langfristiger demokratischer Strukturen untersucht.
The rule of law has been celebrated as an unqualified human good and promoted around the world to secure economic development and political freedom. Yet there is considerable disagreement about just what the ideal of the rule of law requires. When people clamor for the preservation or extension of the rule of law, are they advocating a substantive conception of the rule of law respecting private property and promoting liberty, a formal conception emphasizing an inner morality of law, or a procedural conception stressing the right to be heard by an impartial tribunal and to make arguments about what the law is? When, if ever, are exertions of executive power outside the law justified on the ground that they may be necessary to maintain or restore the conditions for the rule of law in emergency circumstances, such as defending against terrorist attacks? What institutions or measures might be effective in bounding or checking such power? What are the promise and perils of attempting to build the rule of law after military interventions in conflict-ridden societies?When the might of intervening governments is brought to bear to make rights, does it distort rights and inflict costs that may more than offset the potential gains? In Getting to the Rule of Law a group of prominent, thoughtful contributors from a variety of disciplines address many of the theoretical legal, political, and moral issues raised by such questions and examine practical applications on the ground in the United States and around the world. This timely, interdisciplinary volume examines the ideal of the rule of law, questions when, if ever, executive power outside the law is justified to maintain or restore the rule of law, and explores the prospects for and perils of building the rule of law after military interventions.
This text brings together expert practitioners and scholars in African politics, law, and conflict and peacebuilding to examine the expanding international efforts to promote rule of law in countries emerging from violent conflict, focusing specifically upon experiences in Africa.

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