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The ideas that children have about science concepts have for the past decade been the subject of a wealth of international research. But while the area has been strong in terms of data, it has suffered from a lack of theory. Children's Informal Ideas in Science addresses the question of whether children's ideas about science can be explained in a single theoretical framework. Twelve different approaches combine to tackle this central issue, each taking a deliberately critical standpoint. The contributors address such themes as values in research, the social construction of knowledge and the work of Piaget in a rich contribution to the debate without claiming finally to resolve it. The authors conclude with a discussion of how a theory can be built up, along with suggestions for ways ahead in the research.
This book documents and explores the ideas of school students (aged 10-16) about a range of natural phenomena such as light, heat, force and motion, the structure of matter and electricity, they are to study even when they have received no prior systematic instruction. It also examines how students' conceptions change and develop with teaching.
This book reflects its authors' many years of experience in elementary school teaching, pre-service and in-service education in science, and substantial work in science curriculum development. It is derived from, informed by, and directly linked to both the Benchmarks for Science Literacy and the National Research Council's National Science Education Standards. No other methods book integrates standards to this degree. Written with the idea that students "learn science by doing", this well respected author team focus on the constructivist approach and the integrating of science with other elementary academic subjects.
Child Development for Teachers of Young Children is a useful resource for pre-service early childhood teachers from childcare through to school settings. This text is based on understanding young childrena s developmental characteristics and differences, as well as planning around their interests. Child development covers a vast area of research, much of which has been used to inform teachers, parents and students about ways to nurture children into happy, competent and well-balanced individuals. The authors of this Australian text have married these areas together with essential up-to-date research, and focal information on domains of development. The first section of this text reviews domains of development with points that highlight applications to teaching contexts. The second section tackles domains of learning/curriculum areas where developmentally appropriate, individualised and culturally sensitive practice is integrated into teaching. This text also makes valuable contributions to the art and science of teaching young children in other settings: many children are tutored individually in small groups in learning centres, after school care programs, sports programs and music lessons to count a few.
This ambitious text is the first of its kind to summarize the theory, research, and practice related to pedagogical content knowledge. The audience is provided with a functional understanding of the basic tenets of the construct as well as its applications to research on science teacher education and the development of science teacher education programs.
This book describes the development of children's enquiry skills offering a rationale & theoretical basis for teaching & learning using this approach & showing its particular relevance to scientific enquiries. The teacher's role is discussed & practical suggestions are given to stimulate effective classroom practice. The author shows how children's ideas can be supported, challenged & assessed, & considers how to resource enquiries & expand these within the school & local environment. The nature of knowledge is explored, with a focus on scientific knowledge about our world. Communication & language skills are discussed, emphasising effective questioning & ways to encourage children's questions. Guidance is given as to how to promote & integrate problem-solving skills into class teaching, particularly in practical cross-curricular & technological projects. The book will be of great value to both student & practising primary school teachers as well as providing informed support for parents & governors. Contents: Introduction - Exploration - Investigation - Thinking: reason & creativity - Knowledge & understanding - Communication - Problem solving - Conclusion - Appendix - Bibliography - Index.
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