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CONTENTS - I. SURFACE PHENOMENA - II. ADSORPTION AT LIQUID/LIQUID INTERFACES - III. DILUTE EMULSIONS AS OIL HYDROSOLS - IV. EMULSIFYING AGENTS - V. PROPERTIES OF EMULSIONS - VI . THEORIES OF EMULSIONS - VII. DUAL EMULSIONS AND THE INVERSION OF PHASES - VIII. EMULSIONS IN BIOLOGICAL INVESTIGATIONS - IX. TECHNICAL EMULSIONS - X. POLYMERISATION IN EMULSIONS - XI. THE PREPARATION OF EMULSIONS-BASIC PRINCIPLES - XII. THE PREPARATION OF EMULSIONS-TECHNICAL OPERATIONS - XIII. DE-EMULSIFICATION - APPENDIX: PHYSICAL MEASUREMENTS IN EMULSIONS - AUTHOR INDEX - SUBJECT INDEX -
Over the last decade, the biggest advances in physical chemistry have come from thinking smaller. The leading edge in research pushes closer to the atomic frontier with every passing year. Collecting the latest developments in the science and engineering of finely dispersed particles and related systems, Finely Dispersed Particles: Micro-, Nano-, and Atto-Engineering explores heat, mass, momentum and electron transfer phenomena of well-characterized interfaces at the milli-, micro-, nano-, and atto-scales. An interdisciplinary team of leading experts from around the world discuss recent concepts in the physics and chemistry of various well-studied interfaces of rigid and deformable particles in homo- and hetero-aggregate dispersed systems, including emulsions, dispersoids, foams, fluosols, polymer membranes, and biocolloids. The contributors clearly elucidate the hydrodynamic, electrodynamic, and thermodynamic instabilities that occur at interfaces, as well as the rheological properties of interfacial layers responsible for droplets, particles, and droplet-particle-film structures in finely dispersed systems. The book examines structure and dynamics from various angles, such as relativistic and non-relativistic theories, molecular orbital methods, and transient state theories. With a comprehensive survey of our current understanding, Finely Dispersed Particles: Micro-, Nano-, and Atto-Engineering provides a solid platform for further exploration and discovery at increasingly smaller scales.
Science for Students of Leather Technology is the first of a series of textbooks of leather science and technology designed to assist students at technical colleges and institutes as well as at universities. The book begins with an introduction to leather manufacturing. This is followed by separate chapters on the physical chemistry of solutions needed by students of leather manufacture; types of macromolecules; lipids and their use at various stages of leather manufacture; and the principles of their use as surface agents. Subsequent chapters deal with the general features of skin as an organ; how the skins from different animals may develop their special characteristics; common problems arising from insects and from micro-organisms in leather manufacture; and the structure and reactions of chromium complexes, which are the most widely used tanning agents; and modern views on the structure of the vegetable tannins and of the dyestuffs and pigments. This book is intended for students with a variety of backgrounds. Those whose chemical studies have not proceeded much beyond the elementary level will find considerable difficulty with some sections, especially where the organic chemistry of complex molecules (proteins, carbohydrates, dyes and vegetable tannins) is described. It is, however, possible to supplement the explanations given by reference to standard chemical textbooks, using the subject matter of the present volume as a guide to those sections which would repay further study.
Until now colloid science books have either been theoretical, or focused on specific types of dispersion, or on specific applications. This then is the first book to provide an integrated introduction to the nature, formation and occurrence, stability, propagation, and uses of the most common types of colloidal dispersion in the process-related industries. The primary focus is on the applications of the principles, paying attention to practical processes and problems. This is done both as part of the treatment of the fundamentals, where appropriate, and also in the separate sections devoted to specific kinds of industries. Throughout, the treatment is integrated, with the principles of colloid and interface science common to each dispersion type presented for each major physical property class, followed by separate treatments of features unique to emulsions, foams, or suspensions. The first half of the book introduces the fundamental principles, introducing readers to suspension formation and stability, characterization, and flow properties, emphasizing practical aspects throughout. The following chapters discuss a wide range of industrial applications and examples, serving to emphasize the different methodologies that have been successfully applied. Overall, the book shows how to approach making emulsions, foams, and suspensions with different useful properties, how to propagate them, and how to prevent their formation or destabilize them if necessary. The author assumes no prior knowledge of colloid chemistry and, with its glossary of key terms, complete cross-referencing and indexing, this is a must-have for graduate and professional scientists and engineers who may encounter or use emulsions, foams, or suspensions, or combinations thereof, whether in process design, industrial production, or in related R&D fields.
This 2000 book provides an introduction to the nature, occurrence, physical properties, propagation, and uses of surfactants in the petroleum industry.
Most books on colloid science are either quite theoretical, or focused on a specific types of dispersion, or on specific applications. The second, revised and enlarged edition of this monograph provides an integrated introduction to the classification, formation and occurrence, stability, and uses of the most common types of colloidal dispersion in the process-related industries. Although the initial emphasis covers basic concepts essential for understanding colloidal dispersions, this is done in the context of emulsions, foams, suspensions, and aerosols, and is aimed at providing the necessary framework for understanding industrial and medical applications. Therefore, the first part of the book introduces the fundamental principles, whereas the following chapters discuss a wide range of industrial applications and examples, serving to emphasize the different methodologies that have been successfully applied. Mayor additions to the new edition comprise the field of aerosols providing the neccessary theoretical background as well as a overview on industrial applications and environmental impact.

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