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Master the SAT II French Subject Test and score higher... Our test experts show you the right way to prepare for this important college exam. REA's SAT II French Subject test prep covers all French language areas to appear on the actual exam including in-depth coverage of declensions, verb tenses, spelling pitfalls, negation, and more. The book features 6 full-length practice SAT II French exams. Each practice exam question is fully explained to help you better understand the subject material. Use the book's glossary for speedy look-ups and smarter searches. Follow up your study with REA's proven test-taking strategies, powerhouse drills and study schedule that get you ready for test day. DETAILS - Comprehensive review of every French language topic to appear on the SAT II subject test - Flexible study schedule tailored to your needs - Packed with proven test tips, strategies and advice to help you master the test - 6 full-length practice SAT II French Subject exams: each exam question is answered in complete detail with easy-to-follow, easy-to-grasp explanations - The book's glossary allows for quicker, smarter searches of the information you need most TABLE OF CONTENTS About Research & Education Association Study Schedule Passing the SAT II: French subject test About this Book About the Test How to Use this Book Format of the SAT II: French Subject Test About the Review Sections Scoring the SAT II: French Subject Test Studying for the SAT II: French Subject Test Test-Taking Tips Score Conversion Chart Chapter 1 The Sounds of French Pronunciation Hints The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) The French Alphabet Accents Liaison Elision Syllabification Chapter 2 Cognates - Words You Recognize Cognates Common to Both Languages Cognates with Minor Spelling Changes Spelling Pitfalls "Faux amis" (False Friends) Some Borrowed Words Capitalization Interrogative Sentences Chapter 3 By the Numbers Counting from 1 to 1,000,000,000 Telling Time Describing Time Days of the Week Months The Four Seasons: Les quatre saisons Expressing the Year Phone Numbers Expressing Age Calculations Comparisons Ordinal Numbers Chapter 4 Nouns and Articles Gender Formation of Feminine Plural Nouns The Article Special Uses of the Definite Article The Indefinite Article Chapter 5 The Partitive Article (Le Partitif) General Use Formation Omission of the Definite Article after "de" Definite, Indefinite, or Partitive Article Chapter 6 Adjectives Function Formation of Feminine Position of Adjectives Comparing with Adjectives Possessive Adjectives Demonstrative Adjectives ("this," "these") Interrogative Adjectives Adjectives of Number Demi(e): Half Indefinite Adjectives Chapter 7 Pronouns Subject Pronouns Direct Object Pronouns Indirect Object Pronouns With Two Verbs Together With Two Object Pronouns Together Y and en; penser à; parler de Interrogative Sentences with Pronouns Disjunctive Pronouns Relative Pronouns Possessive Pronouns Chapter 8 Verbs L'indicatif L'impératif Le passé composé L'imparfait Le plus-que-parfait Le futur proche Le futur Le conditionnel L'infinitif Le participe présent Les verbes pronominaux Two Other Past Tenses of the Indicative Chapter 9 The Subjunctive Formation: Regular Verbs Uses of the Subjunctive in Subordinate Clauses Uses of Subjunctive after Certain Conjunctions Le passé du subjonctif Chapter 10 Adverbs Formation of Adverbs Irregular Forms Placement of the Adverb Comparative of Adverbs The Superlative Some Common Adverbs Interrogative Adverbs Adverbs that Connect Nouns, Phrases, and Clauses Chapter 11 Prepositions and Conjunctions Prepositions Compound Prepositions Prepositions with Geographic Names Common Verbs + Preposition + Infinitive Conjunctions Chapter 12 Basic Idiomatic Expressions Expressions with avoir Expressions with faire Impersonal Expressions with il Idiomatic Expressions with être The Verb manquer Measuring Time with depuis/depuis que Connaître and savoir Miscellaneous Expressions Chapter 13 Negation Positive and Negative Adverbial Expressions Quelque chose de/rien de + Adjective Chapter 14 Useful Vocabulary School (L'école) Animals (Un animal; Les animaux) The Body (Le corps) The City (La ville) Clothing (Les vêtements) Colors (Les couleurs) Drinks (Les boissons) The Family (La famille) Foods (Les aliments) Illnesses (Les maladies) Professions, Occupations (Les professions, les métiers) Sports/Leisure (Les sports et les passe-temps) Countries (Les pays) Professions (Les professions) PRACTICE TEST I Answer Key Detailed Explanations of Answers PRACTICE TEST II Answer Key Detailed Explanations of Answers PRACTICE TEST III Answer Key Detailed Explanations of Answers PRACTICE TEST IV Answer Key Detailed Explanations of Answers PRACTICE TEST V Answer Key Detailed Explanations of Answers PRACTICE TEST VI Answer Key Detailed Explanations of Answers Answer Sheets GLOSSARY EXCERPT About Research & Education Association Research & Education Association (REA) is an organization of educators, scientists, and engineers specializing in various academic fields. Founded in 1959 with the purpose of disseminating the most recently developed scientific information to groups in industry, government, high schools, and universities, REA has since become a successful and highly respected publisher of study aids, test preps, handbooks, and reference works. REA's Test Preparation series includes study guides for all academic levels in almost all disciplines. Research & Education Association publishes test preps for students who have not yet completed high school, as well as high school students preparing to enter college. Students from countries around the world seeking to attend college in the United States will find the assistance they need in REA's publications. For college students seeking advanced degrees, REA publishes test preps for many major graduate school admission examinations in a wide variety of disciplines, including engineering, law, and medicine. Students at every level, in every field, with every ambition can find what they are looking for among REA's publications. While most test preparation books present practice tests that bear little resemblance to the actual exams, REA's series presents tests that accurately depict the official exams in both degree of difficulty and types of questions. REA's practice tests are always based upon the most recently administered exams, and include every type of question that can be expected on the actual exams. REA's publications and educational materials are highly regarded and continually receive an unprecedented amount of praise from professionals, instructors, librarians, parents, and students. Our authors are as diverse as the fields represented in the books we publish. They are well-known in their respective disciplines and serve on the faculties of prestigious high schools, colleges, and universities throughout the United States and Canada. PASSING THE SAT II: FRENCH SUBJECT TEST ABOUT THIS BOOK This book provides you with an accurate and complete representation of the SAT II: French Subject Test. Inside you will find topical reviews packed with the information and strategies you'll need to do well on the exam, as well as six REA practice tests based on the actual College Board exam. Our practice tests contain every type of question that you can expect to encounter on the SAT II: French Test. Following each of our tests, you will find an answer key and step-by-step detailed explanations designed to help you master the test material. ABOUT THE TEST Who takes the test and what is it used for? Planning to attend college? Then you should take the SAT II: French Subject Test if: (1) Any of the colleges to which you're applying require the test for admission, OR (2) You wish to demonstrate proficiency in French. The SAT II: French exam is designed for students who have at least two years of strong preparation in the language. Who administers the test? The SAT II: French Subject Test is developed by the College Board and administered by Educational Testing Service (ETS). The test development process involves the assistance of educators throughout the United States, and is designed and implemented to ensure that the content and difficulty level of the test are appropriate. When should the SAT II: French Subject Test be taken? Most students take the Subject Tests towards the end of their junior year or at the beginning of their senior year. You should take the SAT II: French Subject Test while you are taking a French class. You're likely to be rusty if you haven't been in a French class for several months. If you are applying to a college that requires SAT II: Subject Test scores as part of the admissions process, you should take the SAT II: French Subject Test in time for your colleges to see your score. If your scores are being used only for placement purposes, wait as long as you can to get the most preparation in your French courses as possible. Make sure to contact the colleges to which you are applying for more specific information. When and where is the test given? The SAT II: French Subject Test is administered six times a year - in October, November, December, January, May, and June - at test centers across the United States. The test given in November is the only one that includes a listening portion (which is not covered in this book). To receive information on upcoming administrations of the exam, consult the publication Taking the SAT II: Subject Tests, which can be obtained from your guidance counselor or by contacting: College Board SAT Program P.O. Box 6720 Princeton, NJ 08541-6720 (609) 771-7070 Website: www.collegeboard.com Is there a registration fee? To take the SAT II: French Test, you must pay a registration fee. For a fee schedule, consult the publication "Taking the SAT II: Subject Tests." Financial assistance may be granted in certain situations. To find out if you qualify and to register for assistance, contact your academic advisor. HOW TO USE THIS BOOK What do I study first? The SAT II: French Subject Test is designed to test knowledge that you have acquired throughout your education. Therefore, the best way to prepare yourself for the actual exam is to refresh your knowledge by thoroughly studying our review material and test-taking tips and by taking the sample tests provided in this book. They will familiarize you with the types of questions, directions, and the format of the SAT II: French Subject Test. To begin your studies, follow this simple plan: (1) Read over the reviews and the suggestions for test-taking. (2) Take one of our practice tests to determine your area(s) of weakness. (3) Study the review material, focusing on your specific problem areas. The reviews include the information you need to know when taking the exam. Make sure to take the remaining practice exams to further test yourself and become completely comfortable with the format and content of the actual SAT II: French Subject Test. Consult our study schedule for a detailed test-preparation timetable. When should I start studying? It is never too early to start studying for the SAT II: French Test. The earlier you begin, the more time you will have to sharpen your skills. Do not procrastinate! Cramming is not an effective way to study, since it does not allow you the time needed to learn the test material. The sooner you learn the format of the exam, the more comfortable you will be when you take it. FORMAT OF THE SAT II: FRENCH SUBJECT TEST The SAT II: French Test is a one-hour exam consisting of 85 to 90 multiple-choice questions - the number of items has been known to vary from one form of the test to another. The questions you'll encounter on the SAT II: French Subject Test are designed to measure the gradual development of competence in the French language acquired over a period of years. The test measures your grasp of the language in three distinct areas: - Vocabulary-in-context: Approx. 30%. Tests your knowledge of vocabulary and basic idioms within culturally authentic contexts. - Structure: 30-40%. Tests your ability to choose words or expressions that are grammatically correct within a sentence or longer paragraphs. - Reading: 30-40%. Tests your understanding of main and supporting ideas, themes, and settings of a text. Passages are drawn from texts like essays, historical works, newspapers, magazines, advertisements, and timetables. ABOUT THE REVIEW SECTIONS The reviews in this book will teach you the skills and concepts needed to approach SAT II: French Subject Test questions. We cover sentence structure, grammar, verb conjugation, spelling, and capitalization. Systematic review will help you identify the kinds of errors that often appear in vocabulary-in-context and structure questions. By using the reviews in conjunction with the practice tests, you will be able to sharpen your skills and put yourself in the best possible position to succeed on the SAT II: French Subject Test. STUDYING FOR THE SAT II: FRENCH SUBJECT TEST It is vital that you choose the time and place for studying that works best for you. Some students may set aside a certain number of hours every morning, while others may study at night before going to sleep. Only you can determine when and where your study time will be most effective. Be consistent and use your time wisely. Work out a study routine and stick to it! When you take the practice tests, try to make your testing conditions as much like the actual test as possible. Turn your television and radio off, and sit down at a quiet table free from distraction. Make sure to clock yourself with a timer. As you complete each practice test, score your test and thoroughly review the explanations to the questions you answered incorrectly; however, do not review too much at any one time. Concentrate on one problem area at a time by reviewing the questions and explanations, and by studying the review until you are confident you completely understand the material. Keep track of your scores. By doing so, you will be able to gauge your progress and discover general weaknesses in particular sections. You should carefully study the reviews that address your areas of difficulty; this will strengthen your skills and build your confidence. TEST-TAKING TIPS Although you may be unfamiliar with standardized tests such as the SAT II: French Subject Test, there are many ways to acquaint yourself with this type of examination and help alleviate your test-taking anxieties. Here are ways to help you become accustomed to the SAT II: French Subject Test, some of which may apply to other standardized tests as well. Become comfortable with the format of the SAT II: French Subject Test. When you are practicing to take the test, simulate the conditions under which you will be taking the actual test. Stay calm and pace yourself. After simulating the test only a couple of times, you will boost your chances of doing well, and you will be able to sit down for the actual exam much more confidently. Know the directions and format for each section of the test. Familiarizing yourself with the directions and format of the different test sections will not only save you time, but will also ensure that you are familiar enough with the SAT II: French Subject Test to avoid anxiety (and the mistakes caused by being anxious). Work on the easier questions first. Within each group of questions, the easier ones are usually at the beginning. If you find yourself working too long on one question, make a mark next to it in your test booklet and continue to the next question. After you answer all the questions you can, go back to the ones you have skipped. If you are unsure of an answer, guess. However - if you do guess, guess wisely. Use the process of elimination by going through each answer to a question and eliminating as many of the answer choices as possible. By eliminating two answer choices, you give yourself a fifty-fifty chance of answering correctly, since there will only be two choices left from which to make your guess. Mark your answers in the appropriate spaces on the answer sheet. Each numbered row will contain four ovals corresponding to each answer choice for that question. Fill in the circle that corresponds to your answer darkly, completely, and neatly. You can change your answer, but remember to completely erase your old answer. Any stray lines or unnecessary marks may cause the machine to score your answer incorrectly. When you have finished working on a section, you may want to go back and check to make sure your answers correspond to the correct questions. Marking one answer in the wrong space will throw off the rest of your test, whether it is graded by machine or by hand. You don't have to answer every question. You are not penalized if you do not answer a question. The only penalty you receive is if you answer a question incorrectly. Try to use the guessing strategy, but if you are truly stumped by a question, you do not have to answer it. Work quickly and steadily. You have a limited amount of time to work on each section, so you need to work quickly and steadily. Avoid focusing on one problem for too long. Taking the practice tests in this book will help you to learn how to budget your time. Before the Test Make sure you know exactly where your test center is well in advance of your test day so you do not get lost on the day of the test. On the night before the test, gather together the materials you will need the next day: - Your admission ticket - Two forms of identification (e.g., driver's license, student identification card, or current alien registration card) - Two No. 2 pencils with erasers - Directions to the test center - A watch, if you wish, but not one that makes noise, as it may disturb other test-takers On the day of the test, you should wake up early (we hope after a decent night's rest) and have a good breakfast. Dress comfortably, so that you are not distracted by being too hot or too cold while taking the test. Also, plan to arrive at the test center early. This will allow you to collect your thoughts and relax before the test, and will also spare you the stress of being late. If you arrive after the test begins, you will not be admitted or receive a refund. During the Test When you arrive at the test center, try to find a seat where you feel you will be comfortable. Follow all the rules and instructions given by the test supervisor. If you do not, you risk being dismissed from the test and having your scores canceled. Once all the test materials are passed out, the test instructor will give you directions for filling out your answer sheet. Fill out this sheet carefully, since this information will appear on your score report. Remember - since no scratch paper will be provided, you can write in your test booklet. After the Test When you have completed the SAT II: French Subject Test, you may hand in your test materials and leave. Then, go home and relax. You should receive your score report about five weeks after you take the test. This report will include your scores, percentile ranks, and interpretive information. YOUR SCORE REPORT You should receive your score report about five weeks after you take the test. This report will include your scores, percentile ranks, and interpretive information. When you register for the test, you can also take advantage of two different reporting options: Score Choice and the Writing Sample Copy Service. Score Choice allows you to review your scores before instructing the College Board to send them to the colleges you have chosen. If you decide your scores are too low, you can take the test again. Only you and your high school will know your original scores. The Writing Sample Copy Service provides you with three copies of your graded essay, which you can send to colleges for admissions purposes. Additionally, if you plan to take the test again, a copy of your essay with graders' comments can be invaluable in assessing your strengths and weaknesses.