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Geoffrey Robertson QC, acclaimed author of The Case of the Pope, presents a freshly updated version of his masterwork, Crimes Against Humanity In this fresh edition of the book that has inspired the global justice movement, Geoffrey Robertson QC explains why we must hold political and military leaders accountable for genocide, torture and mass murder - the crimes against humanity that have disfigured the world. He shows how human rights standards can be enforced against cruel governments, armies and multi-national corporations. This seminal work now contains a critical perspective on recent events, such as the Obama administration's use of drone warfare, the Charles Taylor conviction, the trials of Mladic, Karadzic and Khalid Sheik Mohammed and the "Mullahs without Mercy" soon with nuclear arms. 'Millions will be reading his book in the century to come if we are serious in our intention to stop massacres' Observer 'His arguments are exceptionally clear and comprehensible, and legal complexities are rendered into simple and lucid prose' Sunday Telegraph Geoffrey Robertson QC has appeared as counsel in landmark human rights cases in British, International and Commonwealth courts. He is Head of Doughty Street Chambers and Visiting Professor in Human Rights at Birkbeck College. His other books include FREEDOM, THE INDIVIDUAL AND THE LAW and MEDIA LAW (both in Penguin) and his memoir, THE JUSTICE GAME, was published in 1998. He lives in London.
This two-volume Encyclopedia of Global Justice, published by Springer, along with Springer's book series, Studies in Global Justice, is a major publication venture toward a comprehensive coverage of this timely topic. The Encyclopedia is an international, interdisciplinary, and collaborative project, spanning all the relevant areas of scholarship related to issues of global justice, and edited and advised by leading scholars from around the world. The wide-ranging entries present the latest ideas on this complex subject by authors who are at the cutting edge of inquiry. The Encyclopedia sets the tone and direction of this increasingly important area of scholarship for years to come. The entries number around 500 and consist of essays of 300 to 5000 words. The inclusion and length of entries are based on their significance to the topic of global justice, regardless of their importance in other areas.
Volume 1 deals with international crimes. It contains several significant contributions on the theoretical and doctrinal aspects of ICL which precede the five chapters addressing some of the major categories of international crimes. The first two chapters address: the sources and subjects of ICL and its substantive contents. The other five chapters address: Chapter 3: The Crime Against Peace and Aggression (The Crime Against Peace and Aggression: From its Origins to the ICC; The Crime of Aggression and the International Criminal Court); Chapter 4: War Crimes, Crimes Against Humanity & Genocide (Introduction to International Humanitarian Law; Penal Aspects of International Humanitarian Law; Non-International Armed Conflict and Guerilla Warfare; Mercenarism and Contracted Military Services; Customary International Law and Weapons Control; Genocide; Crimes Against Humanity; Overlaps, Gaps, and Ambiguities in Contemporary International Humanitarian Law, Genocide, and Crimes Against Humanity); Chapter 5: Crimes Against Fundamental Human Rights (Slavery, Slave-Related Practices, and Trafficking in Persons; Apartheid; International Prohibition of Torture; The Practice of Torture in the United States: September 11, 2001 to Present); Chapter 6: Crimes of Terror-Violence (International Terrorism; Kidnapping and Hostage Taking; Terrorism Financing; Piracy; International Maritime Navigation and Installations on the High Seas; International Civil Aviation); Chapter 7: Crimes Against Social Interest (International Control of Drugs; Challenges in the Development of International Criminal Law: The Negotiations of the United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime and the United Nations Convention Against Corruption; Transnational Organized Crime; Corruption of Foreign Public Officials; International Criminal Protection of Cultural Property; Criminalization of Environmental Protection).
This book, newly available in paperback, tells the story of the emergence of the concept of crimes against humanity. It examines its origins, the ethical assumptions underpinning it, its legal and philosophical boundaries, and some of the controversies connected with it. A brief historical introduction is followed by an exploration of the various meanings of the term ‘crimes against humanity’ that have been suggested; a definition is proposed linking it to the idea of basic human rights. The book looks at some problems with the boundaries of the concept, the threshold for its proper application and the related issue of humanitarian intervention. It concludes with a discussion of the prospects for the further development of crimes-against-humanity law.The work serves as a clear and compact introduction for students of politics, philosophy and law, as well as for the general reading public.
Mobilising International Law for 'Global Justice' provides new insights into the dynamics between politics and international law and the roles played by state and civic actors in pursuing human rights, development, security and justice through mobilising international law at local and international levels. This includes attempts to hold states, corporations or individuals accountable for violations of international law. Second, this book examines how enforcing international law creates particular challenges for intergovernmental regulators seeking to manage tensions between incompatible legal systems and bringing an end to harmful practices, such as foreign corruption and child abduction. Finally, it explores how international law has local resonance, whereby, for example, cities have taken it upon themselves to give effect to the spirit of international treaties that national governments fail to implement, or even may have refused to ratify.
«يقدِّم لنا دافيدسون طريقة فريدة وإبداعية لرؤية ظاهرة العنف الجماعي، وينتقد النماذج التبسيطية من خلال تحليل استفزازي دقيق ومثير». غاري فيلدز جامعة كاليفورنيا، سان دييغو يركز معظم الباحثين في الإبادة الجماعية على القتل الجماعي، لكن لورنس دافيدسون، على النقيض منهم، يناقش الإبادة الثقافية، وهو يقول إنه عندما تكون معرفة الناس محدودة عن الثقافات خارج مجموعاتهم، فإنهم يكونون غير قادرين على التقييم الدقيق للتهديدات المزعومة من الآخرين من حولهم. طوال التاريخ، درجت الأغلبية على وضع حل لهذه المخاوف من خلال القتل الجماعي، لكن الصدمة التي أحدثتها المذابح التي وقعت في العصر الحديث تمنع كثيرًا من الدول من ممارسة التصفية الجسدية؛ ولأن الأكثريات أصبحت تدرك الضغوطات الخارجية وتعرف أن عليها أن لا تلجأ إلى الإبادة الجماعية؛ فقد اختارت الإبادة الثقافية بصفتها (البديل الأفضل) للتصفية الجسدية. في كتاب (الإبادة الثقافية Cultural Genocide)، طُبّقت هذه النظرية على حالتين سبقت ما يسمى (المحرقة) التي يقال إن اليهود تعرضوا لها أيام الحكم النازي في ألمانيا، وحالتين أعقبتاها: إبادة الهنود الأمريكيين على أيدي المستوطنين الجهلة الذين كانوا ينظرون إلى هؤلاء المواطنين الأصليين على أنهم بدائيون، وكانوا يميلون إلى ترحيلهم من المناطق الحدودية بدلاً من إبادتهم، والحملة على ثقافة اليهود في دول شرق أوروبا الذين كان يعيشون في المناطق الخاضعة للنفوذ الروسي، ثم الهجوم الإسرائيلي على الثقافة الفلسطينية، واستحواذ الصين على منطقة التبت. الخلاصة: يناقش المؤلف الآليات التي يمكن استخدامها لمقاومة الإبادة الثقافية، وكذلك القوى الاجتماعية والسياسية المعاصرة المؤثرة التي يجب التغلب عليها. العبيكان 2017

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