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Since test items are the building blocks of any test, learning how to develop and validate test items has always been critical to the teaching-learning process. As they grow in importance and use, testing programs increasingly supplement the use of selected-response (multiple-choice) items with constructed-response formats. This trend is expected to continue. As a result, a new item writing book is needed, one that provides comprehensive coverage of both types of items and of the validity theory underlying them. This book is an outgrowth of the author’s previous book, Developing and Validating Multiple-Choice Test Items, 3e (Haladyna, 2004). That book achieved distinction as the leading source of guidance on creating and validating selected-response test items. Like its predecessor, the content of this new book is based on both an extensive review of the literature and on its author’s long experience in the testing field. It is very timely in this era of burgeoning testing programs, especially when these items are delivered in a computer-based environment. Key features include ... Comprehensive and Flexible – No other book so thoroughly covers the field of test item development and its various applications. Focus on Validity – Validity, the most important consideration in testing, is stressed throughout and is based on the Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing, currently under revision by AERA, APA, and NCME Illustrative Examples – The book presents various selected and constructed response formats and uses many examples to illustrate correct and incorrect ways of writing items. Strategies for training item writers and developing large numbers of items using algorithms and other item-generating methods are also presented. Based on Theory and Research – A comprehensive review and synthesis of existing research runs throughout the book and complements the expertise of its authors.
This book is intended for anyone who is seriously interested in designing and validating multiple-choice test items that measure understanding and the application of knowledge and skills to complex situations, such as critical thinking and problem solving. The most comprehensive and authoritative book in its field, this edition has been extensively revised to include: *more information about writing items that match content standards; *more information about creating item pools and item banking; *a new set of item-writing rules (with examples) in chapter 5, as well as guidelines for other multiple-choice formats; *hundreds of examples including an expanded chapter 4 devoted to exemplary item formats and a new chapter 6 containing exemplary items (with author annotations); *a chapter on item generation (chapter 7) featuring item modeling and other procedures that speed up item development; and *a more extensive set of references to past and current work in the area of multiple-choice item writing and validation. This book will be of interest to anyone who develops test items for large-scale assessments, as well as teachers and graduate students who desire the most comprehensive and authoritative information on the design and validation of multiple-choice test items.
The second edition of the Handbook of Test Development provides graduate students and professionals with an up-to-date, research-oriented guide to the latest developments in the field. Including thirty-two chapters by well-known scholars and practitioners, it is divided into five sections, covering the foundations of test development, content definition, item development, test design and form assembly, and the processes of test administration, documentation, and evaluation. Keenly aware of developments in the field since the publication of the first edition, including changes in technology, the evolution of psychometric theory, and the increased demands for effective tests via educational policy, the editors of this edition include new chapters on assessing noncognitive skills, measuring growth and learning progressions, automated item generation and test assembly, and computerized scoring of constructed responses. The volume also includes expanded coverage of performance testing, validity, fairness, and numerous other topics. Edited by Suzanne Lane, Mark R. Raymond, and Thomas M. Haladyna, The Handbook of Test Development, 2nd edition, is based on the revised Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing, and is appropriate for graduate courses and seminars that deal with test development and usage, professional testing services and credentialing agencies, state and local boards of education, and academic libraries serving these groups.
Here's a book intended to help readers develop better test questions -- aimed at measuring their students' (or future students') higher level thinking abilities such as writing, reading, mathematical or scientific problem solving, critical thinking, and creative thinking. This book is practical in its approach -- replete with examples -- and focuses on many different question types with the main objective being to select the item type most appropriate for the material being measured. It covers multiple-choice items, designing performance test items, creating and scoring portfolios, and writing survey items. Item-writing templates are provided in each chapter. Preservice and inservice teachers.
A comprehensive resource for assessment practitioners, this book provides step-by-step guidance for developing, administering, scoring, and validating a range of performance tasks, including literacy and other types of proficiency assessments. The authors explore how to establish the purpose of the assessment and how to develop scoring tools, train raters, reduce rater bias, review scores and report results, and use item-level and test-level analyses to optimize reliability and validity. Clearly written and well organized, the book includes many practical examples and accessible explanations of concepts and statistical procedures. It encompasses the breadth of applications of performance assessment today, from educational testing and the credentialing of professionals to research and program evaluation. User-friendly features include: *Checklists of activities to complete at each stage of a performance assessment *End-of-chapter questions to facilitate self-study *Annotated suggestions for further reading *A quick-reference glossary of terms *Examples drawn from multiple educational and professional licensure contexts
Adverse impact analyses and test validation promote social justice and equity. Employers who unknowingly use invalid tests or recruitment procedures that have an adverse impact are reducing minority and/or female representation in their workforce, unfairly screening out qualified workers and (worst of all) just plain discriminating. Dan Biddle's Adverse Impact and Test Validation provides you with analyses that allow you to identify which of your selection procedures have adverse impact. The validation steps will help you decide whether to keep the selection procedure (because it's valid), change it, or stop using it altogether. This second edition contains new material on using multiple regression to evaluate pay practices and provides step-by-step instructions for using SPSS or Excel for evaluating your company's pay practices for possible inequities. New content on how to define "Internet applicants" and set up defensible Basic Qualifications (BQs) for online recruiting will help employers ensure compliance with EEO regulations and screen in qualified applicants. Specific guidelines for developing and validating written job knowledge tests, such as those used for police and fire promotional testing, have also been included in this new edition. The CD included in the back cover of the book includes tools (which may be used on a trial evaluation basis) describing several of the functions described in the book, including Adverse Impact Toolkit®, Test Validation and Analysis Program® (TVAP®), Guidelines Oriented Job Analysis® (GOJA®) Manual, and Content Validity Checklists. This highly pragmatic guide goes beyond the concepts, theories and ideas behind adverse impact and test validation. It not only explains what to do but crucially, also shows you how to do it. The second edition has been expanded to include two brand new chapters with a new Appendix and comes with new editions of the accompanying software. As a means of protecting your organization from litigation, damage to employee relations and to your corporate reputation, Adverse Impact and Test Validation is a 'must-have' purchase for human resource professionals, testing and recruitment specialists.
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