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"Fortna demonstrates that peacekeeping is an extremely effective policy tool, dramatically reducing the risk that war will resume. Moreover, she explains that relatively small and militarily weak consent-based peacekeeping operations are often just as effective as larger, more robust enforcement missions. Fortna examines the causal mechanisms of peacekeeping, paying particular attention to the perspective of the peacekept--the belligerents themselves--on whose decisions the stability of peace depends."--publisher website.
Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2014 im Fachbereich Politik - Internationale Politik - Thema: Frieden und Konflikte, Sicherheit, Note: 2,0, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität Greifswald (Institut für Politik- und Kommunikationswissenschaft), Veranstaltung: Die UN, humanitäre Interventionen und der (Miss-)erfolg von Peacekeeping Operationen: quantitative und qualitative Evidenz, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Gab es Peacekeeping bereits vor den Vereinten Nationen und falls ja, war es erfolgreich? Das waren die Kernfragen der vorliegenden Studie, zu deren Klärung eine historisch-qualitative Analyse anhand ausgewählter Fallbeispiele dienen soll. Die kurze Zusammenfassung der einschlägigen Literatur des wissenschaftlichen Diskurses eröffnet einen ersten Überblick bezüglich des Standes der Peacekeeping-Forschung. Im Folgenden werden die Peacekeeping-Theorien verschiedener Wissenschaftler, welche in dieser Studie als forschungsleitend betrachtet werden, dargestellt. Zu ihnen gehören Virginia P. Fortna, Michael W. Doyle, Nicholas Sambanis, Alex J. Bellamy und Norrie MacQueen, die als Koryphäen auf diesem Gebiet gelten. Das folgende Kapitel beinhaltet ein Kompendium der Friedensoperationen und Verhandlungslösungen des 18., 19. und 20. Jahrhunderts. Nach einem Rückblick auf die Geschichte liegen die Schwerpunkte vor allem auf dem Konzert der europäischen Großmächte, den Pariser Vorortverträgen und dem Völkerbund. Gemäß der Vorbereitung mittels der Peacekeeping-Theorien und des historischen Kontextes wird an mehreren Fallbeispielen der Erfolg von Peacekeeping-Operationen des Völkerbundes überprüft. Betrachtet werden die Missionen in der Freien Stadt Danzig, der Freien Stadt Fiume, Deutsch-Ostafrika, Deutsch-Südwestafrika, Palästina und im Saargebiet. Es werden jeweils zwei sich stark ähnelnde Fälle miteinander verglichen und darüber hinaus noch zwei Einzelbeispiele angeführt. Eine Einschätzung bezüglich des Erfolges der verschiedenen Missionen erfolgt durch die Kombination verschiedener Faktoren, welche für jeden Fall unterschiedlich ausfallen können. Des Weiteren beinhaltet die Schlussbetrachtung die Resultate dieser Studie in Form einer Zusammenfassung. Abschließend finden sich im Anhang zwei Tabellen zur Veranschaulichung der herausgearbeiteten Ergebnisse der Fallbeispiele.
This book addresses the important question of how the United Nations (UN) should monitor and evaluate the impact of police in its peace operations. UN peace operations are a vital component of international conflict management. Since the end of the Cold War one of the foremost developments has been the rise of UN policing (UNPOL). Instances of UNPOL action have increased dramatically in number and have evolved from passive observation to participation in frontline law enforcement activities. Attempts to ascertain the impact of UNPOL activities have proven inadequate. This book seeks to redress this lacuna by investigating the ways in which the effects of peace operations – and UNPOL in particular – are monitored and evaluated. Furthermore, it aims to develop a framework, tested through field research in Liberia, for Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) that enables more effective impact assessment. By enhancing the relationship between field-level M&E and organisational learning this research aims to make an important contribution to the pursuit of more professional and effective UN peace operations. This book will be of much interest to students of peace operations, conflict management, policing, security studies and IR in general.
Since World War II, civil wars have replaced interstate wars as the most frequent and deadly form of armed conflict globally. How do we account for when and where civil wars are likely to occur, when and how they are likely to end, and whether or not they will recur? In this timely book, leading scholars guide us through what the latest research tells us about the onset, duration, outcomes, and recurrence of civil wars, as well as the ongoing consequences of conflicts in war-torn countries such as Syria, Sudan, and Rwanda. In mapping out the current state of our knowledge about civil conflicts, the authors also identify what we do not know about civil wars. The book describes new directions in civil-war research, including transitional justice institutions in post-conflict environments, the “resource curse,” the role of women, and the relationship between the environment and civil conflict. The authors also highlight new trends in civil-war data collection that have enabled scholars to examine the geographic and temporal patterns of armed conflict. This authoritative text offers both an accessible and current overview of current knowledge and an agenda for future research. With contributions by Halvard Buhaug, David E. Cunningham, Kathleen Gallagher Cunningham, Jacqueline H. R. DeMeritt, Karl DeRouen Jr., Paul F. Diehl, Andrew Enterline, Erika Forsberg, Scott Gates, Kristian Skrede Gleditsch, Nils Petter Gleditsch, Caroline A. Hartzell, Cullen Hendrix, Jacob Kathman, Christopher Linebarger, T. David Mason, Erik Melander, Sara McLaughlin Mitchell, Alyssa K. Prorok, Idean Salehyan, Lee J. M. Seymour, Megan Shannon, Benjamin Smith, David Sobek, Clayton L. Thyne, Henrik Urdal, Joseph K. Young
ÔThe Elgar Handbook of Civil War and Fragile States is an impressive volume. Its distinguished contributors offer a rich menu of courses, ranging from conflict and war to peacemaking, transitional justice, peacekeeping, and powersharing. Encyclopedic in its scope, the volume encompasses many different approaches to stimulate and provoke the careful reader. It serves up a feast for scholars and policymakers alike.Õ Ð Donald L. Horowitz, Duke University, US The Elgar Handbook of Civil War and Fragile States brings together contributions from a multidisciplinary group of internationally renowned scholars on such important issues as the causes of violent conflicts and state fragility, the challenges of conflict resolution and mediation, and the obstacles to post-conflict reconstruction and durable peace-building. While other companion volumes exist, this detailed and comprehensive book brings together an unrivalled range of disciplinary perspectives, including development economists, quantitative and qualitative political scientists, and sociologists. Topical chapters include; Post-Conflict and State Fragility, Ethnicity, Human Security, Poverty and Conflict, Economic Dimensions of Civil War, Climate Change and Armed Conflict, Rebel Recruitment, Education and Violent Conflict, Obstacles to Peace Settlements and many others. With detailed and comprehensive coverage, this Handbook will appeal to postgraduate and undergraduate students, policymakers, researchers and academics in conflict and peace studies, international relations, international politics and security studies.

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