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On April 12, 1945, as Americans mourned the death of President Roosevelt, another tragic event went completely unnoticed - the United States Army Air Force arrested 101 African-American officers. They were charged with disobeying a direct order from a superior officer - a charge that carried the death penalty upon conviction. They had refused to sign an order that would have placed them in segregated housing and recreational facilities. Their plight was virtually ignored by the white majority press at the time, and books written about the subject - until now - did not reveal the human rights struggles of these aviators. The central theme of Double V is the promise held out to African-American military personnel that World War II would deliver to them a double victory, or "double v" - over tyranny abroad and racial prejudice at home. The book's authors, Lawrence P. Scott and William M. Womack Sr. chronicle in detail, and for the first time, one of America's most dramatic failures to deliver on that promise. In the course of their narrative the authors demonstrate how the Tuskegee Airmen suffered as second-class citizens while risking their lives to defend their country. Among the contributions made by this work is a detailed examination of how 101 Tuskegee Airmen, by refusing to live in segregated quarters, triggered one of the most significant judicial proceedings in U.S. military history. Double V uses oral accounts and heretofore unused government documents to portray this little-known struggle by one of America's most celebrated flying units. In addition to providing much background material about African-American aviators before World War II, the authors also demonstrate how the Tuskegee Airmen's struggle foretold dilemmas that would be faced by the civil rights movement in the second half of the 20th century. It is a work that will be of compelling interest to those who wish to know how America treated minorities during World War II; Double V also is destined to become an important contribution in the rapidly growing body of civil rights literature.