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First published in 1973, this title offers a concise and readable account of Burke's political philosophy. As well as examining the foundation for Burke's thought, the book also provides much needed connections between the fields of history and political theory. Critical comment and analysis of Burke's attitudes to the problems of the second half of the eighteenth century are also included.
Today the idea of natural law as the basic ingredient in moral, legal, and political thought presents a challenge not faced for almost two hundred years. On the surface, there would appear to be little room in the contemporary world for a widespread belief in natural law. The basic philosophies of the opposition--the rationalism of the philosophes, the utilitarianism of Bentham, the materialism of Marx--appear to have made prior philosophies irrelevant. Yet these newer philosophies themselves have been overtaken by disillusionment born of conflicts between "might" and "right." Many thoughtful people who were loyal to secular belief have become dissatisfied with the lack of normative principles and have turned once more to natural law. This first book-length study of Edmund Burke and his philosophy, originally published in 1958, explores this intellectual giant's relationship to, and belief in, the natural law. It has long been thought that Edmund Burke was an enemy of the natural law, and was a proponent of conservative utilitarianism. Peter J. Stanlis shows that, on the contrary, Burke was one of the most eloquent and profound defenders of natural law morality and politics in Western civilization. A philosopher in the classical tradition of Aristotle and Cicero, and in the Scholastic tradition of Aquinas, Burke appealed to natural law in the political problems he encountered in American, Irish, Indian, and British affairs, and in reaction to the French Revolution. This book is as relevant today as it was when it was first published, and will be mandatory reading for students of philosophy, political science, law, and history.
Burke was one of the greatest political thinkers whom England has produced, and all his writings, like his speeches, are characterised by the welding together of knowledge, thought, and feeling. Unlike most orators he is more successful as a writer than as a speaker. He rose too far above the heads of his audience, which the continued splendour of his declamation, his inordinate copiousness, and his excessive vehemence, often passing into fury, at length wearied, and even disgusted: but in his writings are found some of the grandest examples of a fervid and richly elaborated eloquence. Though he was never admitted to the Cabinet, he guided and influenced largely the policy of his party, while by his efforts in the direction of economy and order in administration at home, and on behalf of kindly and just government in India, as well as by his contributions to political philosophy, he laid his country and indeed the world under lasting obligations. This is volume two out of twelve of his works, this volume containing various speeches and letters.
The years between the American Revolution of 1776, the French Revolution of 1789 and the European Revolutions of 1848 saw fundamental shifts from autocracy to emerging democracy. It is a vital period in what may be termed 'modernity': that is of the western societies that are increasingly industrial, capitalist and liberal democratic. Unsurprisingly, these years of stress and transition produced some significant reflections on politics and society. This indispensable introductory text considers how a cluster of key thinkers viewed the global political upheavals and social changes of their time, covering the work of: • Edmund Burke * Georg Hegel • Thomas Paine * Alexis de Tocqueville • Jeremy Bentham * Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels Lively and approachable, it is essential reading for anyone with an interest in modern history, political history or political thought.
Routledge is proud to reissue this classic group of works from the 1970s. Among the titles in this series are writings by leading lights in the field of contemporary philosophical scholarship. Available as a full set or as single volumes, the collection includes: Volume 1: Hegel by Raymond Plant * 0-415-32683-4 Demonstrating the interconnection between his political and metaphysical writings, this book provides a point of entry into Hegel's system of ideas. Condemned unread, and when read far too often misunderstood, Hegel's thought has once more begun to make its impact on contemporary ideas with many of today's most important social and political thinkers Volume 2: Edmund Burke by Frank O'Gorman * 0-415-32684-2 A concise and readable account of Burke's political philosophy. As well as examining the foundation for Burke's thought, the book also provides much needed connections between the fields of history and political theory. Critical comment and analysis of Burke's attitudes to the problems of the second half of the eighteenth century are also included. Volume 3: KarlMarx by Michael Evans * 0-415-32685-0 This book provides an interpretative introduction to the political thought of Karl Marx. The approach is both historical and analytical, with emphasis placed on developments and changes in Marx's thought. The book is firmly based on a close reading of primary sources including recently discovered documents on the Communist League, the drafts of Marx's Civil War in France and the Grundrisse manuscripts. Volume 4: John Stuart Mill by R J Halliday * 0-415-32686-9 Offering a significant new interpretation of Mill's political thought, Mill's ambivalent attitude to democracy is carefully examined. The implications for modern democracy of Mill's views on consensus and leadership, bureaucracy and participation, equality and liberty emerge from a deep understanding of Mill's place in 19th century ideas. Volume 5: Bentham by James Steintrager * 0-415-32687-7 Challenging the accepted interpreations of Bentham's political thought and in particular the landmark criticism by John Studart Mill and Elie Halévy, the author consulted the extensive manuscript collections left by Bentham to the University of London and the British museum in the preparation of this volume. Volume 6: Hobbes: Morals and Politics by D D Raphael (with a new preface) * 0-415-32688-5 Hobbes' writing surprises, shocks, amuses and above all, stimulates criticism both of himself and of our conventional wisdom. This book is both expository and critical and concentres on Hobbes' ethical and political theory, but also considering the effect on these of his metaphysics. Updated, with a new preface especially for this re-issue which brings together recent scholarship on Hobbes, a particular useful feature of the book is the new, critical bibliography. Volume 7: Aristotle by John B Morrall * 0-415-32689-3 This volume is the only account published in English in the 20th century to be exclusively devoted to an interpretation of Aristotle's political thought (as distinct from commentaries, translations and works on Aristotelean philosophy in general). It places Aristotle in his background of the Greek political experience. Volume 8: John Locke by Geraint Parry* 0-415-32690-7 From earliest times Locke's writings have been the subject of controversy. An intellectual caught up in the politics of late 17th century England, his writings on politics reveal a man attempting to combine an analysis of the underlying principles of society with a deep commitment to a specific political stance and party. This study explains why Locke's vision of political life has continued to fascinate political thinkers of many different persuasions. Volume 9: Plato by Robert Hall * 0-415-32691-5 A unique study discussing the evolution of Plato's thougt through the actual developments in Athenian democracy, the book also demonstrates Plato's continuing responses to changes in political theory and argues for a new understanding of Plato's goals for the state and his ultimate concern for the moral well-being of the citizens

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