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As the tale unfolds, a witch boy tarries in a mountain community in love with a beautiful girl named Barbara Allen. The superstitious townspeople resent their happiness and their subsequent meddling ends in violence and tragedy. This play was proclaimed a Broadway hit.
Peasant rebellions are uncommon. "Everyday Forms of Peasant Resistance" explores peasants' foot dragging, feigned ingorance, false compliance, manipulation, flight, slander, theft, arson, sabotage, and similar prosaic forms of struggle. These kinds of resistance stop well short of collective defiance, a strategy usually suicidal for the subordinate. The central argument about peasant resistance is presented in the opening chapter by James Scott in which he summarizes and extends the thesis of his book on Malaysia's peasantry, "Weapons of the Weak". Scott's ideas are employed and refined in the ensuing seven country studies of peasant resistance: Poland, India, Egypt, Colombia, China, Nicaragua and Zimbabwe.
James C. Scott has researched and written on subaltern groups, and, in particular, peasants, rebellion, resistance, and agriculture, for over 35 years. Yet much of Scott’s most interesting work on the peasantry and the state, both conceptually and empirically, has never been published in book form. For the first time Decoding Subaltern Politics: Ideology, Disguise, and Resistance in Agrarian Politics, brings together some of his most important work in one volume. The book covers three distinct yet interlinked bodies of work. The first lays out a framework for understanding peasant politics and rebellion, much of which is applicable to rural areas of the contemporary global south. Scott then goes on to develop his arguments regarding everyday forms of peasant resistance using the comparative example of the religious tithe in France and Malaysia, and tracing the forms of resistance that cover their own tracks and avoid direct clashes with authorities. For much of the world’s population, and for most of its history, this sort of politics was far more common than the violent clashes that dominate the history books, and in this book one can examine the anatomy of such resistance in rich comparative detail. Finally, Scott explores how the state’s increasing grip on its population: its identity, land-holding, income, and movements, is a precondition for political hegemony. Crucially, in examining the invention of state-mandated legal identities, especially, the permanent patronym and the vagaries of its imposition on vernacular life, Scott lays bare the micro-processes of state-formation and resistance. Written by one of the leading social theorists of our age, Decoding Subaltern Politics: Ideology, Disguise, and Resistance in Agrarian Politicsis an indispensible guide to the study of subaltern culture and politics and is essential reading for political scientists, anthropologists, sociologists and historians alike.
Since the collapse of the USSR there has been a growing interest in the Stolypin Land Reform as a possible model for post-Communist agrarian development. Using recent theoretical and empirical advances in Anglo-American research, Dr Pallot examines how peasants throughout Russia received, interpreted, and acted upon the government's attempts to persuade them to quit the commune and set up independent farms. She shows how a majority of peasants failed to interpret the Reform in the way its authors had expected, with outcomes that varied both temporally and geographically. The result challenges existing texts which either concentrate on the policy side of the Reform or, if they engage with its results, use aggregated, official statistics which, this text argues, are unreliable indicators of the pre-revolutionary peasants reception of the Reform.
Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2006 im Fachbereich Ethnologie / Volkskunde, Note: sehr gut, Universität Zürich (Ethnologisches Institut Zürich), 55 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: In dieser Seminararbeit werden die Formen des versteckten Widerstandes, genauer das ‹hidden transcript› und die daraus resultierenden Alltagswiderstandsformen vorgestellt. Mit dieser Grundlage wird das Fallbeispiel Burma analysiert. Die Wahl fiel auf Burma, da es ein Land ist, indem die Unterdrückung sehr stark ist. Es herrscht keine Meinungsfreiheit und selbst die kleinsten Vergehen gegen das Regime werden hart bestraft. Somit ist es ein Land, in dem die sicherste Art von Widerstand anonym ausgeführt wird. Zudem ist es ein sehr aktuelles Beispiel. Folgende Frage stellt sich an das Fallbeispiel:Welche Formen des versteckten Widerstandes nach Scott finden sich in Burma? Dabei werden für jede Widerstandsform nachstehende Unterfragen bearbeitet:-Gegen wen oder was richtet sich der Widerstand?-Welche Form nimmt der versteckte Widerstand an? Welche Absicht wird mit dem versteckten Widerstand verfolgt?-Welche Auswirkungen zieht dieser versteckte Widerstand nach sich?-Handelt es sich wirklich um Widerstand? Das Ziel ist es, verschiedene Arten von Alltagswiderstand in Burma aufzuzeigen, darzulegen, gegen was sich der Widerstand genau richtet, was die Intention bzw. Absichten dahinter sind und wenn möglich auch, welche Auswirkungen dadurch erzielt wurden. Scotts Theorien sollen helfen herauszufinden, ob es sich auch wirklich um eine Form von Wider-stand handelt. Dabei besteht jedoch nicht der Anspruch alle Widerstandsformen zu erfassen, denn dazu fehlen genaue Quellen, weil wenig darüber geschrieben wurde, insbesondere über Burma.
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