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One of the greatest revolutions in mathematics occurred when Georg Cantor (1845-1918) promulgated his theory of transfinite sets. This revolution is the subject of Joseph Dauben's important studythe most thorough yet writtenof the philosopher and mathematician who was once called a "corrupter of youth" for an innovation that is now a vital component of elementary school curricula. Set theory has been widely adopted in mathematics and philosophy, but the controversy surrounding it at the turn of the century remains of great interest. Cantor's own faith in his theory was partly theological. His religious beliefs led him to expect paradoxes in any concept of the infinite, and he always retained his belief in the utter veracity of transfinite set theory. Later in his life, he was troubled by recurring attacks of severe depression. Dauben shows that these played an integral part in his understanding and defense of set theory.
This book explores the difficulties and double binds that arise when we ask What is religion? Offering a marvelously rich and diverse array of perspectives, it begins the task of rethinking religionand religious studiesin a contemporary world. Opening essays on the question What is religion?are followed by clusters exploring the relationships among religion, theology, and philosophy and the links between religion, politics, and law.
First published in 2005. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
DIVBeginning with perspectives on the finite universe and classes and Aristotelian logic, the author examines permutations, combinations, and infinite cardinalities; numbering the continuum; Cantor's transfinite paradise; axiomatic set theory, and more. /div
The famous articles, 1895–7, that founded a new branch of mathematics. Covers addition, multiplication and exponentiation of cardinal numbers, smallest transfinite cardinal numbers, ordinal types of simple ordered aggregates, more. Translated with introduction by P. Jourdain.
A hands-on introduction to the tools needed for rigorous andtheoretical mathematical reasoning Successfully addressing the frustration many students experience asthey make the transition from computational mathematics to advancedcalculus and algebraic structures, Theorems, Corollaries, Lemmas,and Methods of Proof equips students with the tools needed tosucceed while providing a firm foundation in the axiomaticstructure of modern mathematics. This essential book: * Clearly explains the relationship between definitions,conjectures, theorems, corollaries, lemmas, and proofs * Reinforces the foundations of calculus and algebra * Explores how to use both a direct and indirect proof to prove atheorem * Presents the basic properties of real numbers * Discusses how to use mathematical induction to prove atheorem * Identifies the different types of theorems * Explains how to write a clear and understandable proof * Covers the basic structure of modern mathematics and the keycomponents of modern mathematics A complete chapter is dedicated to the different methods of proofsuch as forward direct proofs, proof by contrapositive, proof bycontradiction, mathematical induction, and existence proofs. Inaddition, the author has supplied many clear and detailedalgorithms that outline these proofs. Theorems, Corollaries, Lemmas, and Methods of Proof uniquelyintroduces scratch work as an indispensable part of the proofprocess, encouraging students to use scratch work and creativethinking as the first steps in their attempt to prove a theorem.Once their scratch work successfully demonstrates the truth of thetheorem, the proof can be written in a clear and concise fashion.The basic structure of modern mathematics is discussed, and each ofthe key components of modern mathematics is defined. Numerousexercises are included in each chapter, covering a wide range oftopics with varied levels of difficulty. Intended as a main text for mathematics courses such as Methods ofProof, Transitions to Advanced Mathematics, and Foundations ofMathematics, the book may also be used as a supplementary textbookin junior- and senior-level courses on advanced calculus, realanalysis, and modern algebra.
A collection of materials gathered by the author while teaching real analysis over a period of years.

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