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“Full of the details we ichthyologists love, this book will clearly be a standard reference on South American fishes for decades to come. The amazingly detailed glossary alone may well be worth the price of the book!” --Peter B. Moyle, author of Inland Fishes of California “A major contribution to our understanding of multiple aspects of the Neotropical freshwater fish fauna. The book will be of interest not only to ichthyologists, but also to a broader audience of researchers working on freshwater organisms and general biogeographic patterns.”--Richard P. Vari, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution “An up-to-date summary of our knowledge of a major continental biodiversity area, that should attract a wide variety of readers."--William Fink, University of Michigan “Successfully brings together disparate information and introduces new data and analyses, giving a vast overview of neotropical freshwater fishes.” --Brian Crother, Southeastern Louisiana University
The fish faunas of continental South and Central America constitute one of the greatest concentrations of aquatic diversity on Earth, consisting of about 10 percent of all living vertebrate species. Historical Biogeography of Neotropical Freshwater Fishes explores the evolutionary origins of this unique ecosystem. The chapters address central themes in the study of tropical biodiversity: why is the Amazon basin home to so many distinct evolutionary lineages? What roles do ecological specialization, speciation, and extinction play in the formation of regional assemblages? How do dispersal barriers contribute to isolation and diversification? Focusing on whole faunas rather than individual taxonomic groups, this volume shows that the area’s high regional diversity is not the result of recent diversification in lowland tropical rainforests. Rather, it is the product of species accumulating over tens of millions of years and across a continental arena.
The Amazon and Orinoco basins in northern South America are home to the highest concentration of freshwater fish species on earth, with more than 3,000 species allotted to 564 genera. Amazonian fishes include piranhas, electric eels, freshwater stingrays, a myriad of beautiful small-bodied tetras and catfishes, and the largest scaled freshwater fish in the world, the pirarucu. Field Guide to the Fishes of the Amazon, Orinoco, and Guianas provides descriptions and identification keys for all the known genera of fishes that inhabit Greater Amazonia, a vast and still mostly remote region of tropical rainforests, seasonally flooded savannas, and meandering lowland rivers. The guide’s contributors include more than fifty expert scientists. They summarize the current state of knowledge on the taxonomy, species richness, and ecology of these fish groups, and provide references to relevant literature for species-level identifications. This richly illustrated guide contains 700 detailed drawings, 190 color photos, and 500 distribution maps, which cover all genera. An extensive and illustrated glossary helps readers with the identification keys. The first complete overview of the fish diversity in the Amazon, Orinoco, and Guianas, this comprehensive guide is essential for anyone interested in the freshwater life inhabiting this part of the world. First complete overview of the fish diversity in the Amazon and Orinoco basins Contributors include more than fifty experts Identification keys and distribution maps for all genera 190 stunning color photos 700 detailed line drawings Extensive and illustrated glossary
Neotropical ichthyology: an overview; Fossils and geological evidence; The stage for neotropical fish diversification: a history of tropical south american rivers; The temporal context for the diversification of neotropical fishes; Phylogeny of fossil characiformes and paleobiogeography of the Tremembe formation, Sao Paulo; Brazil; Maastrichtian to early late paleocene freshwater osteichthyes of Bolivia: additions and comments; Characiformes; Higher lever phylogenetic concepts within characiforms (Ostariophysi), a historical review; Relationships of the characidiinae and phylogeny of characiform fishes (Teleostei: ostariophysi); Phylogenetic study of the hemiodontidae (Ostariophysi: characiformes); Perspectives about the phylogeny and classification of the chacidae (Teleostei: Characiformes); Relationships of the tribes and genera of the glandulocaudinae (Ostariophysi: characiformes: characidae) with a description of a New Genus, Chrysobrycon; Monophyly of the Cheirodontinae, characters and major clades (Ostariophysi: characidae); Sperm ultrastructure in characid fishes (Teleostei: ostariophysi); The genus Creagrutus (Teleostei: Characiformes: Characidae): monophyly, relationships, and undetected diversity; A phylogenetic analysis of Roestes Gunther and Gilbertolus Eigenmann, with a hypothesis on the relationships of the Cynodontidae and Acestrorhynchidae (Teleostei: Ostariophysi: Characiformes); Siluriformes; Phylogenetic relationships of neotropical siluriformes: historical overview and synthesis of hypotheses; Monophyly and interrelationships of the Centromochlinae (Siluriformes: Auchenipteridae); Systematics, biogeography, and the fossil record of the Callichthyidae: a review of the available data; Phylogenetic relationships of the Loricariidae (Siluriformes) based on mitochondrial rRNA gene sequences; Conflict and resolution: impact of new taxa on phylogenetic studies of the neotropical cascudinhos (Siluroidei: Loricariidae); Gymnotiformes; The Gymnotiform "Eels" of tropical America: a history of classification and phylogeny of the South American electric Knifefishes (Teleostei: Ostariophysi: Siluriphysi); Phylogenetic systematics of Gymnotiformes with diagnoses of 58 clades: a review of available data; The phylogenetic position of the South America Electric Fish genera Sternophygus and Archolaemus (Ostariophysi: Gymnotiformes) according to 12s and 16s mitochondrial DNA sequences; Perciformes; A phylogeny and classfication of the South American Cichlidae (Teleostei: Perciformes); Molecular phylogeny of neotropical cichlids: the relationships of Cichlasomines and heroines; Mitochondrial phylogenetics, biogeography, and evolution of parental care and mating systems in Gymnogeophagus (Perciformes: Cichlidae); Atherinomorpha; Phylogenetic systematics and historical biogeography of the neotropical silverside family Atheronopsidae (Teleostei: Atheriniformes); Phylogeny and classification of the Cyprinodontiformes (Euteleostei: Atherinomorpha): a reappraisal; Phylogeny and classification of the Anablepidae (Teleostei: Cyprinodontiformes); Cytogenetic markers; Cytogenetic markers in neotropical freshwater fishes.
The aim of this book is to systematize and discuss population genetic studies of freshwater fish in a region that harbors the greatest diversity of species among all inland water ecosystems. This volume explores the genetic evaluation for a number of orders, families and species of Neotropical fishes, and provides an overview on genetic resources and diversity and their relationships with fish domestication, breeding, and food production.

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