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Over 2,000 years of settlement give London its unique architectural heritage. Unlike Haussmann’s Paris, neither monarch nor politician imposed their will; private ownership and enterprise shaped the city and defined its parts. Elegant West End squares and crescents hallmark the Classical townscape that emerged between 1600 and 1830, but medieval, Tudor and Victorian enclaves identified by occupation, class or guild make their own design statement, notably in the City and East End. From its renewal after the Great Fire of 1666 as a centre of commerce, culture, finance and as a railway hub, the seat of power and law, How to Read London reveals through the built environment how London’s domestic, civic and commercial landscape has evolved and adapted from imperial capital to global city.
How to Read Buildings is a practical primer to looking at architecture and all the elements that are included in buildings, from cornices and friezes to columns and porticos - all facets of buildings are included. Each chapter takes an architectural element and looks at its variety across various historical periods and geographical locations. Examples are shown through dozens of fine engravings with extended captions, creating a dip-in read and an effective I-Spy guide. Additional sections look at the clues offerred by history, geography and religion (with a timeline showing how and where architectural elements have been introduced), and at the significance of the ornaments.
How to Read New York uncovers and illuminates the rich architectural language of one of the world's truly great cities, from its celebrated skyscrapers to its lesser-known treasures. Charting both the key technical developments and aesthetic movements that have influenced architecture in the Big Apple, this accessible guide.
How to Read Bridges is a practical introduction to looking at the structure and purpose of bridges. It is a guide to reading the structural clues embedded in every bridge that allows their variety and ingenuity to be better appreciated. Small enough to carry in your pocket and serious enough to provide real answers, this comprehensive guide: - analyses and explores all types of bridges from around the world from the first millennium to the present day. - explores fundamental concepts of bridge design, key materials and engineering techniques. - provides an accessible visual guide with intelligent text, using detailed illustrations and cross-sections of technical features.
How to Read Paris is a pocket-sized guide to understanding and appreciating the architecture of Paris. Packed with detailed drawings, plans and photographs, and covering squares, bridges, streets and monuments as well as buildings, it is both a fascinating architectural history and an effective I-spy guide â?? a must-read for anyone with an interest in this fascinating and beautiful city. Compact enough to carry in your pocket yet serious enough to impart a real understanding, this handy reference guide.
Five hundred stunning duotone photographs showcase the finest, most majestic, and interesting examples of architecture in one of the world's most beloved cities The greatest buildings, monuments, and structures of London come to life in these inspiring, neighborhood-by-neighborhood photographic tours. Each building is featured in a rich, fine-resolution duotone photograph. Information including the building's name, its address and location, and year of completion or renovation is included underneath the image. A brief description of each building, which highlights its distinctive features and places it in historical context, is included at the back of the book.
A revised and expanded, authoritative guide taking the reader through almost 2,000 years of architectural achievement From the remains of the Roman amphitheater to the soaring glass structures of the 21st-century city, London offers a unique architectural experience. Each chapter in this guide contains readily accessible examples of buildings of every period and sets them in their historical contexts. It includes nine fully described walks and easy-to-follow maps to accompany a saunter through the fascinating story of the city's architecture. Also featured are some of the many shops, bars, and restaurants of architectural interest, making this an essential resource for both Londoners and visitors alike.

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