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Richard Bosworth's overview of Italy's role in European and world politics from 1860 to 1960 is lively and iconclastic. Based on a combination of primary research and secondary material he examines Italian diplomacy, military power, commerce, culture, tourism and ideology. His account challenges many aspects of current Italian historiography and offers an original vision of the place of Italy in modern history.
This book provides a narrative history of Italian colonialism from Italian unification in the 1860s to the first decade of the twentieth century; that is, it details Italy’s imperialism in the years of the Scramble for Africa. It deals with the factors that drove Italy to search for territory in Africa in the 1870s and 1880s and describes the reasoning behind the trajectories adopted and objectives pursued. The events that brought Italy to open conflict with the Ethiopian Empire culminating in the Italian defeat at Adowa in March 1896 are central to the book. However its scope is much broader, as it considers the establishment of Italian power in Eritrea as well as Somalia before and after the defeat. By telling its history, it explains why Italy emerged irresolute and humiliated in this, its first thrust into Africa, yet nonetheless determined to pursue expansion in the future. The seeds for the conquest of Libya in 1911 and Ethiopia in 1935 had been sown.
Erst 1861 wird Italien zum Einheitsstaat. Vorausgegangen waren mehr als 13 Jahrhunderte kleinräumiger Hegemonien - und Epochen großer kultureller Blüte. Dieses Buch erzählt und erklärt die Geschichte und die Entwicklung der verschiedenen Staaten und Herrschaftsformen zwischen Alpen und Ätna, beschreibt die Lebenswelten der Eliten und der kleinen Leute und arbeitet dabei verständlich und fesselnd die historischen Leitlinien der in Italien bis heute besonders lebendigen Vergangenheit heraus. Dieses Buch erzählt fundiert und fesselnd die Geschichte Italiens über anderthalb Jahrtausende. Es erklärt die vielfältige Staatenwelt und deren Schicksale im Verlauf der Jahrhunderte, zeichnet die Kleinräumigkeit der Loyalitäten und die besondere Form des Patriotismus nach, würdigt Herrscher und bedeutende Persönlichkeiten und läßt in besonderer Weise die einzigartige und innovative Kultur des Landes lebendig werden, die Italien ein halbes Jahrtausend lang zu einem Begriff in Europa machte. Die hier vorgelegte Gesamtdarstellung, die auf dem neuesten Forschungsstand einen geschlossenen Überblick über die historische Entwicklung des Landes vom Ausgang der Spätantike bis zur Gegenwart bietet, zieht zudem Verbindungslinien zwischen Vergangenheit und Gegenwart und macht so das besondere Nationalbewußtsein und die gegenwärtige Befindlichkeit Italiens verständlich. (Quelle: Homepage des Verlags).
It is now 80 years since Mussolini's Fascism came to power in Italy, but the political heirs of the original Fascism are part of government in today's Italy. The resurgence of neo-fascist and neo-Nazi extremism all over Europe are a reminder of the continuing place of fascism in contemporary European society, despite its political and military defeat in 1945. This thoroughly revised, updated and expanded edition provides a critical and comprehensive overview of the origins of Fascism and the movement's taking and consolidation of power. Philip Morgan: · explains how the experience of the First World War created Fascism · describes how the unsettled post-war conditions in Italy enabled an initially small group of political adventurers around Mussolini to build a large movement and take power in 1922 · focuses on the workings of the first ever 'totalitarian' system and its impacts on the lives and outlooks of ordinary Italians · considers the meshing of internal 'fascistisation' and expansionism, which emerged most clearly after 1936 as Italy became more closely aligned with Nazi Germany · examines the demise of Italian Fascism between 1943 and 1945 as Mussolini and his party became the puppets of Nazism · provides an explanation and interpretation of Fascism, locating it in contemporary history and taking account of recent debates on the nature of the phenomenon. Clear and approachable, this essential text is ideal for anyone interested in Italy's turbulent political history in the first half of the twentieth century.
Exploring more than 500 years of the country's history, Italy provides readers interested in modern Italy or European history with a greater understanding of Italy's past, from the Renaissance to the present. This guide presents the milestones in Italy's history in an interesting and readable way.
A groundbreaking account of the two largest autonomous women's associations in Italy during the early Cold War-the UDI and the CIF-and how they developed an active Italian and global agenda for the advancement of women's rights.
Throughout the Cold War, the United States encountered unexpected challenges from Italy and France, two countries with the strongest, and determinedly most anti-American, Communist Parties in Western Europe. Based primarily on new evidence from communist archives in France and Italy, as well as research archives in the United States, Alessandro Brogi's original study reveals how the United States was forced by political opposition within these two core Western countries to reassess its own anticommunist strategies, its image, and the general meaning of American liberal capitalist culture and ideology. Brogi shows that the resistance to Americanization was a critical test for the French and Italian communists' own legitimacy and existence. Their anti-Americanism was mostly dogmatic and driven by the Soviet Union, but it was also, at crucial times, subtle and ambivalent, nurturing fascination with the American culture of dissent. The staunchly anticommunist United States, Brogi argues, found a successful balance to fighting the communist threat in France and Italy by employing diplomacy and fostering instances of mild dissent in both countries. Ultimately, both the French and Italian communists failed to adapt to the forces of modernization that stemmed both from indigenous factors and from American influence. Confronting America illuminates the political, diplomatic, economic, and cultural conflicts behind the U.S.-communist confrontation.

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