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First Published in 1999. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
First Published in 1999. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
'Nobody reads Mill today,' wrote a reviewer in Time magazine a few years ago. ! One could scarcely praise Mr Melvin Maddocks, who penned that remark, for his awareness of the present state of Mill studies, for of all nineteenth century philosophers who wrote in English, it is 1. S. Mill who remains the most read today. Yet it would not be so far from the truth to say that very few people pay much serious attention nowadays to Mill's writings about logic and metaphysics (as distinct from those on ethical and social issues), despite the fact that Mill put enormous effort into their composition and through them exerted a considerable influen ce on the course of European philosophy for the rest of his century. But the only sections of A System of Logic (1843) and An Examination of Sir William Hamilton's Philosophy (1865) to which much reference is now made comprise only a small proportion of those very large books, and the prevailing assumption is that Mill's theories about logical and meta physical questions are, with few exceptions, of merely antiquarian in terest. Bertrand Russell once said that Mill's misfortune was to be born at the wrong time (Russell (1951), p. 2). It can certainly appear that Mill chose an inauspicious time to attempt a major work on logic.
More than two hundred years after his birth, and 150 years after the publication of his most famous essay On Liberty, John Stuart Mill remains one of the towering intellectual figures of the Western tradition. This book combines an up-to-date assessment of the philosophical legacy of Mill’s arguments, his complex version of liberalism and his account of the relationship between character and ethical and political commitment. Bringing together key international and interdisciplinary scholars, including Martha Nussbaum and Peter Singer, this book combines the latest insights of Mill scholarship with a long-term appraisal of the ways in which Mill’s work has been received and interpreted from the time of his death in 1873 to today. The book offers compelling insights into Mill’s posthumous fate and reputation; his youthful political and intellectual activism; his views on the formation of character; the development of his thought on logic; his differences from his father and Bentham; his astonishingly prescient, environmentally sensitive and ‘green’ thought; his relation to virtue ethics; his conception of higher pleasures and its relation to his understanding of justice; his feminist thought and its place in contemporary debates and feminist discourses; his defence of free speech and its fundamental significance for his liberalism; and his continued contemporary relevance on a number of major issues. This book will be of interest to students and scholars of Politics, Political Theory, Philosophy, History, English, Psychology, and also Cultural Studies, Empire studies, nationalism and ethnicity studies.
This book is available either individually, or as part of the specially-priced Arguments of the Philosphers Collection.
In seiner 1861 zunächst in Frazer's Magazine publizierten und zu seinen Lebzeiten in weiteren vier Auflagen vorgelegten Schrift "Utlitarism" verteidigt John Stuart Mill das Nützlichkeitsprinzip als das grundlegende Kriterium für die Beurteilung der Moralität aller Handlungen, sei es der freien Handlungen der Individuen, sei es der Einschränkungen dieser Freiheit durch von Gesellschaft und Staat vorgegebene Regeln.Dabei geht es ihm vor allem darum, den Utilitarismus vor dem Einwand zu retten, er gebe dem hedonistischen Eigennutz Vorrang vor der ethischen Maxime einer gerechten Verteilung der Güter. So glaubt er, aus dem Prinzip des "größten Glücks der größten Zahl" ein Modell der Verteilungsgerechtigkeit ableiten zu können, das das Nützlichkeitsprinzip als das erste Prinzip der Moral erweist.Die hier in neuer deutscher Übersetzung vorgelegte Schrift gilt als das Hauptwerk der klassischen utilitaristischen Ethik.

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