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This is the first critical edition of the first and second Epistles of the Brethren Purity—the Rasa 'il—in Arabic with a fully annotated English translation. It presents technical and epistemic analyses of mathematical concepts and their metaphysical bases, and an overview of the mathematical sciences within Islamic intellectual milieu.
Aesthetics in Arabic Thought from Pre-Islamic Arabia through al-Andalus offers a history of aesthetic thought in the Arabic language from the pre-Islamic period to the Alhambra, with special attention to the great Arab philosophers of the Middle East and al-Andalus.
"The Ikhwan al-Safa' (Brethren of Purity), the anonymous adepts of a tenth-century esoteric fraternity based in Basra and Baghdad, hold an eminent position in the history of science and philosophy in Islam due to the wide reception and assimilation of their monumental encyclopaedia, the Rasa 'il Ikhwan al-Safa' (Epistles of the Brethren of Purity). This compendium contains fifty-two epistles offering synoptic accounts of the classical sciences and philosophies of the age; divided into four classificatory parts, it treats themes in mathematics, logic, natural philosophy, psychology, metaphysics, and theology, in addition to didactic fables. Epistles 6 to 8 are from the first division of the Epistles, on the propaedeutical and mathematical sciences. Epistle 6 develops ideas concerning natural numbers and their arithmetic, geometric, and harmonic ratios, marked by the influence of Nicomachus of Gerasa and of Euclid. The Brethren here emphasize practical applications of proportionality in music, medicine, and alchemy. Epistle 7 addresses theoretical scientific knowledge as directed towards the spiritual realities of souls, the goal of which is to actualize human potential; this epistle also presents a remarkable classification of sciences. Epistle 8 surveys material cultures in the Islamic mediaeval milieu, embellished by a consideration of the effects of the heavenly bodies on the predisposition of individuals to follow specific trades. These three epistles are, of course, underpinned by the Brethren's perennial tropes of the microcosm/macrocosm analogy and the emanative hierarchy of existents."--
First published in 2002. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
This is a new English translation of a classic work of medieval Islamic learning. In this rich allegorical fable the animals pursue a case against humanity. They rebuke and criticise human weakness, deny man's superiority, and make powerful demands for greater justice and respect for animals.
An illuminating study of the mysterious Brethren of Purity', the 10th century letter writers whose epistles, although often deemed heretical, exerted a profound influence on the development of Shi'i Islam.

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