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Elon Musk named Our Final Invention one of 5 books everyone should read about the future A Huffington Post Definitive Tech Book of 2013 Artificial Intelligence helps choose what books you buy, what movies you see, and even who you date. It puts the "smart" in your smartphone and soon it will drive your car. It makes most of the trades on Wall Street, and controls vital energy, water, and transportation infrastructure. But Artificial Intelligence can also threaten our existence. In as little as a decade, AI could match and then surpass human intelligence. Corporations and government agencies are pouring billions into achieving AI's Holy Grail—human-level intelligence. Once AI has attained it, scientists argue, it will have survival drives much like our own. We may be forced to compete with a rival more cunning, more powerful, and more alien than we can imagine. Through profiles of tech visionaries, industry watchdogs, and groundbreaking AI systems, Our Final Invention explores the perils of the heedless pursuit of advanced AI. Until now, human intelligence has had no rival. Can we coexist with beings whose intelligence dwarfs our own? And will they allow us to?
Γεννημένος στη Λυών στη Γαλλία, το 1900, ο Antoine de Saint-Exupéry θεωρούσε τον εαυτό του πιλότο πάνω απ’ όλα. Σε διάστημα είκοσι χρόνων, πραγματοποίησε πλήθος αποστολών χαρτογράφησης και ταχυδρομικών πτήσεων για εμπορικές αεροπορικές εταιρείες. Το θέμα των αερομεταφορών αποτέλεσε σταθμό στην επαγγελματική του πορεία και σημείο έναρξης στις λογοτεχνικές του αναζητήσεις. Η συγγραφή του Μικρού Πρίγκιπα ξεκινά κατά τη διάρκεια του Β΄ Παγκοσμίου Πολέμου, όταν ο Saint-Exupéry αναγκάζεται να εγκαταλείψει την αεροπορία, μετά την εισβολή της Γερμανίας στα γαλλικά εδάφη, και να βρει καταφύγιο στη Νέα Υόρκη. Το στοιχείο ακριβώς της νοσταλγίας της παιδικής ηλικίας μέσα στον Μικρό Πρίγκιπα φανερώνει την έντονη επιθυμία του Saint-Exupéry να επιστρέψει στη Γαλλία καθώς και την ελπίδα του αυτό να συμβεί σε καιρό ειρήνης. Η υπόθεση του Μικρού Πρίγκιπα διαδραματίζεται στην έρημο Σαχάρα. To αεροπλάνο τού αφηγητή-πιλότου έχει συντριβεί στην έρημο. Ο ίδιος έχει μείνει με ελάχιστη τροφή και νερό. Προσπαθώντας να εκτιμήσει τις αντικειμενικές δυσκολίες της συντριβής, προσεγγίζεται από τον Μικρό Πρίγκιπα, ένα σοβαρό μικρό ξανθό αγόρι που του ζητά να του ζωγραφίσει ένα αρνάκι. Ο αφηγητής απαντάει θετικά στο αίτημα του περίεργου μικρού που στέκεται απέναντί του. Σύντομα γίνονται φίλοι και ο Μικρός Πρίγκιπας πληροφορεί τον πιλότο, ότι κατάγεται από έναν μικρό πλανήτη, τον αστεροειδή 325, του μιλά για τα μπαομπάμπ και τα ηφαίστεια του τόπου του αλλά και για το μυστηριώδες τριαντάφυλλο που φύτρωσε κάποια στιγμή στον πλανήτη του. Του μιλά ακόμη για τη φιλία τους και για το ψέμα που το έπιασε να του λέει και που στάθηκε αφορμή για το ταξίδι του σε άλλους πλανήτες. Ο μικρός ταξιδιώτης, συχνά σαστισμένος από τη συμπεριφορά των μεγάλων, γίνεται καθολικό και διαχρονικό σύμβολο αθωότητας και αγάπης, υπευθυνότητας και αφοσίωσης. Στο πρόσωπό του αναγνωρίζουμε τη διορατικότητα της παιδικής ηλικίας που στους μεγάλους βρίσκεται σε χειμερία νάρκη. Τα παιδιά αναζητούν την ουσία με την καρδιά, όχι με τα μάτια…
Learning Theory and Online Technologies offers a powerful overview of the current state of online learning, the foundations of its historical roots and growth, and a framework for distinguishing between the major approaches to online learning. It addresses pedagogy (how to design an effective online environment for learning), evaluation (how to know that students are learning), and history (how past research can guide successful online teaching and learning outcomes). An ideal textbook for undergraduate Education and Communication programs as well as Educational Technology Masters, Ph.D., and Certificate programs, Learning Theory and Online Technologies provides a synthesis of the key advances in online education learning theory and the key frameworks of research, and clearly links theory and research to successful learning practice. This revised second edition updates data on digital media adoption globally, adds a new chapter on connectivism as a learning theory, and updates the chapter on online collaborative learning, renaming the theory as collaborativism and considering the challenges that arise with the growth of artificial intelligence.
WE KNOW, from repeated failures to predict and prevent catastrophes ranging from the Great Tohoku Earthquake to the global financial crisis of 2008, that complex adaptive systems, such as those found in nature or in economies, are actually very hard to predict, much less influence. Today, we face environmental degradation caused in large part by the use of fossil fuels, ever-declining efficiencies in extracting them, a pace of development for renewable energy insufficient for replacement of the fossil fuels we are burning through, and population growth that is likely to add two billion people globally by 2045. Despite partial recovery since the financial crisis of 2008, growth remains sluggish, and large budget deficits persist across much of the developed world. Meanwhile, developing states face their own challenges, stemming from unbalanced growth. Against this backdrop, and in light of the urgent need to pay closer heed to our environment, the last thing the world needs is an energy crisis triggered not merely by recurrent scares over supply, but by more lasting structural changes in our ability to use fossil fuels with reckless abandon. Buying Time applies lessons learned the hard way from the global economic crisis of the past decade, to offer an overview of the state of the environment and our energy future. Grounded in subtle thinking about complex systems, including the economy, energy, and the environment, this book underscores the connections linking them all. Kaz Makabe is a veteran financial systems expert who lived through the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster. He nevertheless concludes that nuclear energy is the bridge than can help us cross over the abyss we face.
Winner of the 2015 FT & McKinsey Business Book of the Year Award A New York Times Bestseller Top Business Book of 2015 at Forbes One of NBCNews.com 12 Notable Science and Technology Books of 2015 What are the jobs of the future? How many will there be? And who will have them? As technology continues to accelerate and machines begin taking care of themselves, fewer people will be necessary. Artificial intelligence is already well on its way to making "good jobs" obsolete: many paralegals, journalists, office workers, and even computer programmers are poised to be replaced by robots and smart software. As progress continues, blue and white collar jobs alike will evaporate, squeezing working- and middle-class families ever further. At the same time, households are under assault from exploding costs, especially from the two major industries-education and health care-that, so far, have not been transformed by information technology. The result could well be massive unemployment and inequality as well as the implosion of the consumer economy itself. The past solutions to technological disruption, especially more training and education, aren't going to work. We must decide, now, whether the future will see broad-based prosperity or catastrophic levels of inequality and economic insecurity. Rise of the Robots is essential reading to understand what accelerating technology means for our economic prospects-not to mention those of our children-as well as for society as a whole.

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