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Law enforcement agencies and their employees are continually at risk for potential liability related to torts, civil rights violations, and employment law issues. Litigation may involve suits by the public against officers and the administration, actions by the administration against officers, or actions by officers against the administration or members of the public they serve. Knowledge of these risks and understanding how they arise are essential to law enforcement officers, administrators, and their legal counsel. Police Liability and Risk Management: Torts, Civil Rights, and Employment Law is written by an attorney and a 34-year law enforcement veteran who knows his way around the streets and the courtroom. Dr. Robert J. Girod combines decades of teaching and practical experience with legal and academic education to compile this practical source of case law and risk management principles. The book is designed to help law enforcement professionals reduce police liability and avoid the risk of litigation—or, in the event a lawsuit does arise—to manage liability and defend themselves. In our litigious society, suits involving the law enforcement community are becoming a more common occurrence and can destroy an officer’s career or cast a pall on an entire department. By understanding the laws governing these types of issues, law enforcement professionals are better able to monitor the sources of liability and implement risk management strategies to shield their policies, practices, procedures, and protocols from the danger of liability.
Tradecraft is a term used within the intelligence community to describe the methods, practices, and techniques used in espionage and clandestine investigations. Whether the practitioner is a covert agent for the government or an identity thief and con man, the methods, practices, tactics, and techniques are often the same and sometimes learned from the same sources. Advanced Criminal Investigations and Intelligence Operations: Tradecraft Methods, Practices, Tactics, and Techniques reveals how intelligence officers and investigators conduct their tradecraft. You’ll learn how to plan an operation, how to build an identity and cover story for deep cover operations, and how to detect those who have created false identities for illegal purposes. You’ll also get insight into the technical aspects of intelligence (the INTs), counterintelligence, and criminal investigations, and legal considerations for conducting intelligence investigations. Topics include: A discussion of black bag operational planning HUMINT (human intelligence)—the gathering of information from human sources DAME (defenses against methods of entry), forced entry into buildings, safes and combination locks, and automobile locks PSYOPS (psychological operations) and the use of social networks ELINT (electronic intelligence) and SIGINT (signals intelligence)—electronic interception of intelligence, bugs, wiretaps, and other communications interceptions EMINT (emanations intelligence), which concerns the emanation of data, signals, or other intelligence from C4I systems IMINT (imagery intelligence), involving any intelligence gathered using images Intelligence files and analytical methods Based upon the author’s training and experience over more than three decades as a law enforcement investigator and military officer, as well as research conducted as an attorney and in academia, the book provides you with an insider perspective on sensitive covert and overt operations and sources. Supplemented with roughly 140 illustrations and photos, this collection of special skills and reference materials is essential to the professional investigator and intelligence operative.
All too often, professional investigations fail because those involved jump to conclusions and draw faulty premises that leave the trail cold. Correct conclusions are not the result of guessing, but by applying efficient thought processes. Logical Investigative Methods: Critical Thinking and Reasoning for Successful Investigations is designed to help investigators, detectives, special agents, and prosecutors avoid assumptions and false premises by using logic, reasoning, critical thinking, and the scientific method in their investigations. Topics covered in this text include: Finding facts instead of making assumptions Understanding how our cognitive skills can affect investigations Using philosophy and logic to come to proper conclusions and probable inferences Using critical thinking and logical reasoning effectively Outlining the criminal investigation skills required of detectives and investigators Profiling to analyze personality types and to interpret artifacts of a crime scene Interviewing, interrogation, and detecting deception Using tools to analyze and graphically display organized, understandable information about complex crimes Documenting and presenting a case using all of the tools learned This organized text of methods, practices, techniques, and tactics provides concrete instruction that can be applied to any investigation. By learning to become trained observers who make logical inferences from their observations, users of this text can effectively streamline their investigations for a successful result.
This handbook addresses the problems confronting criminal justice practitioners and their agencies due to the increased number of civil liability lawsuits. It introduces the reader to civil liability generally and the federal law specifically, while indicating steps that can be taken to minimize risks. Due to increasing civil litigation against criminal justice agencies, students and practitioners not only need a working knowledge of criminal law but a firm grasp on the civil law process. Hundreds of cases are referenced throughout the text.

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