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This volume expands the debate over the origins and purposes of sports records. Developing the thesis of Allen Guttmann, Carter and Kruger explore the history and meaning of quantitative sports records in several pre-modern societies. The book is a chronological study of evidence of sports records in ancient Egypt, Greece and Rome, medieval England, the Renaissance, Tudor and Elizabethan England, pre-modern Hawaii, and pre-modern Japan. Thematic essays on various aspects of sports records are also included. The book concludes with Guttmann's response to the preceding chapters. Useful reference notes are provided within each chapter as well as in the bibliography. This book is essential reading for students of anthropology and the history of sports.
This is the first full-length scholarly narrative of sports from the fall of Rome to the end of the Middle Ages. Organized into ten chapters, the book discusses various aspects of sports and recreations in feudal society and provides a research tool for scholars and students interested in the sports history of the Middle Ages. The first chapter, The Study of Medieval Sports and Recreations, the bibliographical essay, and the bibliography should be welcome aids to anyone with an interest in further research on the subject. After the beginning chapter on the historiography of sports in the Middle Ages, the book looks at the evidence of sports and recreations in late antiquity. Next the volume focuses on the close relationship between sports and war in feudal society and examines how knights of the High Middle Ages developed and promoted sports reputations. Subsequent chapters deal with sports and the church, sports reflected in art, peasant pastimes and women's recreations. Sports Violence in Medieval Society, investigates the violence that sometimes accompanied sports or recreations. The last chapter highlights two medieval persons who have a relation to sports: William Fitzstephen, the twelfth-century writer who left a vivid account of London sports, and William Marshal, the famed tournament professional. The bibliographical essay and select bibliography close out the book. The work fills gaps in both the literature on medieval civilization and the literature of sports history.
Global Perspectives of Sport and Physical Culture is a compilation of diverse essays derived from the works of prominent international scholars that address significant international issues relative to sporting practices from a historical perspective. A variety of movement cultures are examined and analysed, such as various aspects of the turner and gymnastic movements, the transnational development of dance, competitive sport, non-competitive performance, and mountaineering. Michael Krüger ́s introductory chapter sets a framework for analysis with a historiographical and philosophical treatment of modern sport as an example of nationalism, internationalism and cultural imperialism. The succeeding chapters discuss the confrontation of commercialization with national interests, the importance of gender in the construction of various movement cultures, as well as the conditions and circumstances that effect societal and cultural change. This book was previously published as a special issue of the International Journal of the History of Sport.
Appearing as they do in countless books and films, symbols of hatred such as Auschwitz, Treblinka, and the Warsaw and Vilna ghettos penetrate our consciousness, memory, and history. However, in the case of Romania, our knowledge is scant. In 1939, the Jewish population of Romania exceeded 750,000: the third largest concentration of Jews in all of Europe. By 1944, some 400,000 had disappeared. Another 150,000 Ukrainian Jews died at the hands of Romanian soldiers. In the quest for a "final solution" Romania proved to be Hitler's most enthusiastic ally. Butnaru provides the first English-language account of the war against Romania's Jewish population.
This volume is a collection of fifteen first-person accounts of growing up during the Nazi era. The selections cover a broad range of personalities and circumstances. Included are testimonies from the daughter of an anti-Nazi German family, the son of a mixed marriage in Germany threatened with deportation, a German Gypsy who witnessed Mengele's experiments, a Polish Jewish girl saved by her teacher, a Prague teenager escaping to Denmark and Sweden, a Polish Jewish youth in communist Siberia, a partisan, an eleven-year-old in Auschwitz, a young Yiddish actress exiled to Tashkent, and a Polish Catholic child deported to work camps. Drawn from the Holocaust Oral History Archive of Gratz College, each testimony is a unique story of survival through defense, adaptation, and resilience. The introduction to the book, written by Professor Nora Levin, provides the historical background of the rise of fascism and Nazism in Germany and the social and political dislocations that ensued. Editor Josey Fisher integrates the testimonies into the framework of adolescent development in the preface. Brief introductions to each chapter set the historical framework and describe the unique set of obstacles challenging each child. The youth of the Holocaust were caught in the time of their growing. Their external world had real enemies and unspeakable danger at the same time that their physical, psychological, and social development were propelling them toward adulthood. Internal intensity was intertwined with external threat. . . . (from the preface). "Persistence of Youth" provides a unique perspective on child development and psychological issues and will be of value to researchers in these fields as well as historians and others concerned with the Holocaust.
The history and sociological aspects of sport in preindustrial England are the subjects of this volume. Henricks traces the development of sport and its interaction with society through five time periods: the feudal era, the later Middle Ages, and the Tudor, Stuart, and Georgian eras. The book also serves as an introduction to the historical literature on English sport, connects sport to broader social and cultural themes, and develops an original thesis of sport as an identity ceremony for generations of participants.
This volume offers new insight into the debate over the underlying causes of the clash between Hindus and Muslims that continues to polarize India. Based on a thorough review of Indian history during the 19th and 20th centuries, Ahmad challenges both popularly held viewpoints regarding the nature of this conflict. His analysis of the emergence of the Muslim consciousness demonstrates how both selectivism and assimilation, rather than simply intrinsic differences and cultural conditions, have hallmarked this schism. India's struggle for identity is explained in terms of the interaction of religious, social, cultural, and global factors, and this wide perspective can hopefully illuminate the causes of similar conflicts throughout the former colonial world.

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