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The study of international crimes - such as war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide - deserves to grow into a separate and fully fledged specialization within criminology, called supranational criminology. Supranational criminology entails the study of international crimes, behavior that shows affinity with these crimes, the causes and the situations in which they are committed, as well as interventions and their effectiveness. What exactly entails supranational criminology? What are international crimes? Should other forms of behavior also be qualified as international crimes? What are the specific characteristics of international crimes as forms of state sponsored or state facilitated crimes? Explanatory theories have to be developed which can be translated into testable hypotheses. Which theories from mainstream criminology can provide answers for the prevalence or causes of international crimes? Have the international courts and tribunals succeeded in their aim? This book repairs the fundamental and historical neglect of criminology and breaks out of a state of denial by putting international crimes on the criminological agenda.
The last decade of the 20th century saw the revival of global efforts aimed at tackling some of the most atrocious crimes of concern to mankind. Legal initiatives at international, regional, and national levels took shape to prevent the commission of genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity (international crimes), as well as to punish those most responsible for them. These commendable legal developments had considerable shortcomings in dealing with victims of international crimes. Victims' suffering and needs were hardly considered a priority. The establishment of the International Criminal Court changed this to some extent, providing a more comprehensive framework towards addressing victims' needs through a criminal justice approach. The peculiar situation of victims of international crimes calls for a holistic approach that links various relevant fields, such as traumatic stress, the social psychology of group conflict and resolution, and the psychology and sociology of legal processes. The latter is important in its own right, but also for the ongoing efforts in transitional and international criminal justice, as it can provide the empirical underpinning of the choices and developments in these fields. Transcending the disciplinary divisions in the study of victims of international crimes is the main focus of this volume, which contributes to developing victimological approaches to international crimes. Focusing on the African continent, scholars from different disciplines review the similarities and differences between victims of ordinary crimes and those of genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity. As victimological research has mainly focused on the former crimes, the book provides a much-needed and comprehensive overview of the intricacies of victimization by international crimes. This endeavor transcends academic interest, as an approach of this kind is essential to mend societies ravaged by genocide, war crimes, and/or crimes against humanity. (Series: Supranational Criminal Law: Capita Selecta - Vol. 13)
What exactly is the context in which all aspects of this new field of criminal law have to be interpreted? What does the principle of legality mean in the context of supranational criminal law? Which tradition lies at the basis of this new law system? Is supranational criminal law as it grows the result of a deliberate policy, tending towards a coherent system? Or is it merely the result of crisis management? Those are some of the questions that are highlighted in this first volume of the Supranational Criminal Law series.
impunity for the `supreme international crime'. The book comments on the most recent work of the Assembly of States Parties' Inter-sessional Meeting on the Crime of Aggression. --
Extreme forms of collective violence - such as genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes - can endanger international peace and security. The international criminal justice system has been set up in order to prosecute these crimes and thus to restore international peace and security. These crimes are, however, extremely complex social phenomena and it takes an inter- and multidisciplinary approach to understand the true nature of this type of criminality and to effectively prosecute the perpetrators thereof. This book enhances our knowledge of these complex phenomena and thus contributes to a better and more effective system of international criminal justice. Scholars from many different scientific disciplines - such as law, criminology, political science, psychology, research methodology, and information technology - as well as practitioners from within the field, have contributed to this book. General themes include: What kind of people are perpetrators of collective violence? How can we attribute criminal responsibility to individuals for crimes which are collective in nature? How can we study these crimes and how can we discover patterns of violence? What role can statistics play when holding individuals accountable? How do we develop strategies of prosecution? What difficulties do prosecutors and judges face? How important and useful is the International Criminal Court Case Matrix? These are just a few of the many questions addressed in the book.
Just a few months after the entry into force of the EU Framework Decision on the fight against organized crime, this book provides an unprecedented analysis of the national and European legislation on organized crime. The book provides a critical examination of the European policies and legal instruments to promote the harmonization and approximation of criminal law in this field (including the United Nations Convention on Transnational Organized Crime). The current level of harmonization among EU Member States and the approximation to the standards of the new Framework Decision are discussed in detail, with the help of tables, graphs and maps. The results highlight the problems surrounding the international legal instruments and the inconsistencies of the national approaches to combating organized crime.

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