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The Origins of Criminology: A Reader is a collection of nineteenth-century texts from the key originators of the practice of criminology – selected, introduced, and with commentaries by the leading scholar in this area, Nicole Rafter. This book presents criminology as a unique field of study that took root in a context in which urbanization, immigration, and industrialization changed the class structure of Western nations. As relatively homogenous communities became more sharply divided and aware of a bottom-most group, the 'dangerous classes', a new segment of the middle class emerged: professionals involved in the work of social control. Tracing the intellectual origins of criminology to physiognomy, phrenology, and evolutionary theories, this book demonstrates criminology's background in new attitudes toward science and the development of scientific methodologies applicable to social and mental phenomena. Through an expert selection of original texts, it traces the emergence of ‘criminology’ as a new field purporting to produce scientific knowledge about crime and criminals.
This reader provides a thorough grounding in issues related to the study of crime, the criminal justice system, and social control. The editors indicate crime's varied and conflicting history as well as its current debates. The mixture of historical and more recent readings shows a variety of perspectives.
The Origins of American Criminology is an invaluable resource. Both separately and together, these essays capture the stories behind the invention of criminology's major theoretical perspectives. They preserve information that otherwise would have been lost. There is urgency to embark on this reflective task given that the generation that defined the field for the past decades is heading into retirement. This fine volume insures that their life experiences will not be forgotten. The volume shows criminology to be a human enterprise. Ideas are not driven primarily-and often not at all-by data. Theories are not invented solely as part of the scientific process; they are not inevitable. American criminology's great theories most often precede the collection of data; they guide and produce empirical inquiry, not vice versa. Theoretical paradigms are shaped by a host of factors-scholars' assumptions about the world drawn from their social constructs, disciplinary content and ideology, cognitive environments found in specific universities and the field's scholarly networks, and, quirks in a person's biography. The volume demonstrates that humanity is what makes theory possible. Diverse experiences-when we were born, where we have lived, the unique trajectories of our personal life courses, the disciplines and academic places we have ended up-allow individual scholars to see the world differently.
This revised and expanded Third Edition of the internationally acclaimed Criminological Perspectives is the most comprehensive reader available in the field. Wide-ranging and global in scope and coverage, Criminological Perspectives will enable you to critically engage with the various concepts and theoretical positions that you'll encounter throughout your studies. In addition to essays that have had a seminal influence on the development of criminology, new articles have been included to cover topics of contemporary criminological significance, including: - surveillance - digitized crime - terrorism and political violence - environmental crime - human trafficking - techno-social networks - narco-crime - global inequalities The 56 articles are organised thematically, complete with introductions that place them in context and to illustrate the approaches taken by different schools of criminological thought. Criminological Perspectives will prove an indispensible resource, whether you're studying criminology, criminal justice studies, socio-legal studies, penology, security studies, surveillance studies, or sociology.
Designed for upper-level senior and graduate criminological theory courses, this text thoroughly examines the ideas and assumptions underlying each major theoretical perspective in criminology. It lays bare theorists' ideas about human nature, social structure, social order, concepts of law, crime and criminals, the logic of crime causation and the policies and criminal justice practices that follow from these premises. The book provides students with a clear critical, analytic overview of criminological theory that enable enformed evaluative comparisons among different theorists.
'This accessibly written book is truly innovative in combining an introduction to key perspectives and topics in criminology with a very student friendly study guide to the problems of researching and writing in the discipline' - Professor Kevin Stenson, Middlesex University This book offers a timely introduction both to the discipline of criminology and to the practice of studying it as an undergraduate subject. It takes the reader from first principles in Criminology through to some quite complex ideas and debates. It also offers useful advice on how to grapple with the practical realities of studying this subject. It does both of these in a manner which is always accessible and readable. Dr Tony Kearon, Keele University This is a superb text for the [undergraduate] audience intended. The writing is clear, difficult concepts are explained well, criticality is encouraged, the signposting is adequate and exercises are provided to embed learning. An excellent book overall, and one that deserves wide readership. Peter Hamerton Criminology is part of an exciting new series from SAGE. Developed as accessible reference tools, SAGE Course Companions offer an introduction to the subject and encourage students to extend their understanding of key concepts, issues and debates. Criminology is designed to give those new to the study of criminology, criminal justice and the sociology of deviance a comprehensive overview of the subject matter. It can be used as an introduction to the subject and referred to throughout the degree for tips and revision guidance. Criminology is designed to complement, rather than replace, existing textbooks for the course, and will provide: - Helpful summaries of the course curriculum to aid exam revision and essay planning - Key summaries of the approach taken by the main textbooks on the course - Guidance on the essential study skills required to pass the course - Help with developing critical thinking - Route-maps to aid the development of wider learning above and beyond the textbook - Pointers to success in course exams and written assessment exercises - A tutor's-eye view of what course examiners are looking for - An insider's view of what key course concepts are really all about SAGE Course Companions are much more than revision guides for undergraduate. They are an essential tool to success in undergraduate courses, enriching the learning experience and developing students' understanding.
Examines the Spiritualist movement's role in disseminating eugenic and hard hereditarian thoughtStudying transatlantic spiritualist literature from the mid-19th to the early 20th century, Christine Ferguson focuses on its incorporation and dissemination of bio-determinist and eugenic thought. She asks why ideas about rational reproduction, hereditary determinism and race improvement became so important to spiritualist novelists, journalists and biographers in this period. She also examines how these concerns drove emerging Spiritualist understandings of disability, intelligence, crime, conception, the afterlife and aesthetic production. The book draws on rare material, including articles and serialized fiction from Spiritualist periodicals such as Light, The Two Worlds and The Medium and Daybreak as well as on Spiritualist healing, parentage and sex manuals.
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