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This book is a collection of carefully reviewed papers presented during the HP-SEE User Forum, the meeting of the High-Performance Computing Infrastructure for South East Europe’s (HP-SEE) Research Communities, held in October 17-19, 2012, in Belgrade, Serbia. HP-SEE aims at supporting and integrating regional HPC infrastructures; implementing solutions for HPC in the region; and making HPC resources available to research communities in SEE, region, which are working in a number of scientific fields with specific needs for massively parallel execution on powerful computing resources. HP-SEE brings together research communities and HPC operators from 14 different countries and enables them to share HPC facilities, software, tools, data and research results, thus fostering collaboration and strengthening the regional and national human network; the project specifically supports research groups in the areas of computational physics, computational chemistry and the life sciences. The contributions presented in this book are organized in four main sections: computational physics; computational chemistry; the life sciences; and scientific computing and HPC operations.
This book discusses questions of numerical solutions of applied problems on parallel computing systems. Nowadays, engineering and scientific computations are carried out on parallel computing systems, which provide parallel data processing on a few computing nodes. In the development of up-to-date applied software, this feature of computers must be taken into account for the maximum efficient usage of their resources. In constructing computational algorithms, we should separate relatively independent subproblems in order to solve them on a single computing node.
This concise text is designed to present the recent advances in parallel and distributed architectures and algorithms within an integrated framework. Beginning with an introduction to the basic concepts, the book goes on discussing the basic methods of parallelism exploitation in computation through vector processing, super scalar and VLIW processing, array processing, associative processing, systolic algorithms, and dataflow computation. After introducing interconnection networks, it discusses parallel algorithms for sorting, Fourier transform, matrix algebra, and graph theory. The second part focuses on basics and selected theoretical issues of distributed processing. Architectures and algorithms have been dealt in an integrated way throughout the book. The last chapter focuses on the different paradigms and issues of high performance computing making the reading more interesting. This book is meant for the senior level undergraduate and postgraduate students of computer science and engineering, and information technology. The book is also useful for the postgraduate students of computer science and computer application.
Geosciences and, in particular, numerical weather prediction are demanding the highest levels of available computer power. The European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts, with its experience in using supercomputers in this field, organizes every other year a workshop bringing together manufacturers, computer scientists, researchers and operational users to share their experiences and to learn about the latest developments. This volume provides an excellent overview of the latest achievements and plans for the use of new parallel techniques in the fields of meteorology, climatology and oceanography. Contents:Early Experiences with the New IBM P690+ at ECMWF (D Salmond & S Saarinen)Operation Status of the Earth Simulator (A Uno)Intel Architecture Based High-Performance Computing Technologies (H Cornelius)4D-Var: Optimisation and Performance on the NEC SX-6 (S Oxley)Establishment of an Efficient Managing System for NWP Operation in CMA (J-K Hu & W-H Shen)The Next-Generation Supercomputer and NWP System of the JMA (M Narita)A Uniform Memory Model for Distributed Data Objects on Parallel Architectures (V Balaji & R W Numrich)and other papers Readership: Academics and researchers specializing in high performance computing, especially meteorological scientists, and supercomputer manufacturers. Keywords:High Performance Computing;Meteorology;Teracomputing;Parallel Processing;Climatology
This new edition of Invitation to Computer Science follows the breadth-first guidelines recommended by CC2001 to teach computer science topics from the ground up. The authors begin by showing that computer science is the study of algorithms, the central theme of the book, then move up the next five levels of the hierarchy: hardware, virtual machine, software, applications, and ethics. Utilizing rich pedagogy and a consistently engaging writing style, Schneider and Gersting provide students with a solid grounding in theoretical concepts, as well as important applications of computing and information technology. A laboratory manual and accompanying software is available as an optional bundle with this text.

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