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The core idea underlying human rights is that everyone is inherently and equally worthy of respect as a person. The emergence of that idea has been one of the most significant international developments since the Second World War. But it is one thing to embrace something as an aspirational ideal and quite another to recognize it as enforceable law. The continued development of the international human rights regime brings a pressing question to the fore: What role should international human rights have as law within the American legal system? The U.S. Supreme Court and the Domestic Force of International Human Rights Law examines this question through the prism of the U.S. Supreme Court’s handling of controversies bearing most closely on it. It shows that the specific disputes the Court has addressed can be best understood by recognizing how each interconnects with an overarching debate over the proper role to be accorded international human rights law within American institutions. By approaching the subject from the justices’ standpoint, this book reveals a divide in the Court between two fundamentally different orientations toward the domestic impact of the international human rights regime.
Human rights can be defined as the basic fundamental rights inherent to all human beings in any society. How these rights are made available and protected in individual countries is an area of much study and debate. Focusing on the significance of human rights in American law and politics, this book seeks to understand when, where, and how American law recognizes and responds to claims made in the name of human rights. How are they used by social movements as they advance rights claims? When are human rights claims accommodated and resisted? Do particular kinds of human rights claims have greater resonance domestically than others? What cultural and psychological factors impede the development of a human rights culture in the United States? This is an exciting and engaging volume that will appeal to a broad range of scholars, practitioners, and students interested in the study of human rights.
This publication describes the application of international human rights law, treaties, and cases in U.S. courts.
This volume brings together articles on the law of armed conflict and the use of force from the Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law, the definitive reference work on international law. It provides an invaluable resources for scholars, students, and practitioners of international humanitarian law, giving an accessible, thorough overview of all aspects of the field. Each article contains cross-references to related articles, and includes a carefully selected bibliography of the most important writings and primary materials as a guide to further reading. The Encyclopedia can be used by a wide range of readers. Experienced scholars and practitioners will find a wealth of information on areas that they do not already know well as well as in-depth treatments on every aspect of their specialist topics. Articles can also be set as readings for students on taught courses.
This comprehensive work provides an introduction to human rights law, policy, and process. International Human Rights begins with an overview, then discusses drafting and ratifying treaties, establishing institutions, using procedures for monitoring compliance and responding to gross violations, using adjudicative remedies, applying refugee and international labor law, relating human rights norms to terrorism, and exploring how the causes of violations can be used to improve human rights compliance. The Fourth Edition addresses a number of significant developments in the human rights arena including: • Emergence of international criminal law as a potential response to crimes against humanity; • Emergence of the United Nations Security Council as a significant human rights actor and the challenges it faces; • The role of human rights norms in responding to and regulating state responses to terrorism; • The capacity of human rights to respond to abuses by corporate actors; • The ability of human rights to respond to and account for violations committed in the context of ethnic hatred, internal conflict, and intrastate violence; and • The challenges faced by non-government human rights organizations in the post 9/11 context. International Human Rights is also accompanied by a comprehensive documentary supplement, Selected International Human Rights Instruments and Bibliography for Research on International Human Rights Law. Professor Weissbrodt provides periodic updates to the casebook on the University of Minnesota Human Rights Library Web site (http://www1.umn.edu/humanrts/intlhr).
Different countries incorporate and interpret international law in different ways. This book provides a systematic analysis of the domestic constitutional regime of over two dozen countries, setting out the status accorded to international law in those countries and its normative weight, as well as problems relating to its implementation. This country-by-country comparison allows the book to examine how the international legal order and domestic legal systems interact and influence each other. Through a series of chapters on the role of international law in 27 countries throughout the world, it shows a growing tendency towards greater democratic participation in treaty-making coupled with a significant utilization of informal agreements that by-pass such participation, as well as a role for non-binding normative instruments as persuasive authority in domestic judicial decision-making. The chapters suggest a stronger attachment to international law in legal systems that have survived a period of repression, resulting in many cases in a higher normative status for international human rights instruments in those states. The impact of the European Union on the constitutional order of its member states is also examined.
Greening the Media rethinks media technologies from an ecological perspective, developing a new approach to historical and social analysis of information and communication technology.

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