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Global problems require global solutions. The United Nations as presently constituted, however, is incapable of addressing many global problems effectively. One nation– one vote decisionmaking in most UN agencies fails to reflect the distribution of power in the world at large, while the allocation of power in the Security Council is both unfair and anachronistic. Hence, nations are reluctant to endow the United Nations with the authority and the resources it needs. Extensive reform is essential. This analysis is rooted in the proposition that the design of decisionmaking systems greatly affects their legitimacy and effectiveness. Joseph Schwartzberg proposes numerous systemic improvements to the UN system, largely through weighted voting formulas that balance the needs of shareholders and stakeholders in diverse agencies. It indicates ways in which the interests of regions can supplement those of nations while voices of nongovernmental organizations and ordinary citizens can also be heard. In numerous contexts, it promotes meritocracy and gender equity. The book's aim is not to create an unrealistic utopia, but rather to establish a workable world in which the force of law supplants the law of force; a world committed to justice and continuous yet sustainable development. The author argues that, given the many existential threats now confronting our planet, the time frame for decisive action is short. The task is daunting and success is not guaranteed, but in view of the urgency of our situation, we can find ways of mustering the will, imagination, and resources to do the job.
Money is not everything, but without money, all is nothing. Since 2011, all regular budget plans of UNESCO lapsed. Why? The United States decided not to pay their share to the regular budget because of the admission of Palestine as a Member State. This political decision has serious consequences for the continued existence of the Organization, because the financial crisis shows not only a structural crisis but also a survival crisis of UNESCO. Nevertheless, no one dares to question the current structure. Among other things, the author proposes: given the multiplicity of heterogeneous tasks of UNESCO it is essential to reduce and concentrate them. UNESCO should act as a think tank within the United Nations system and link the world of states and the specialized NGOs. He calls for a stronger commitment of the Member States for und within UNESCO in order to preserve the Organization from decay.
This book intends to harvest insights from the discipline of Psychology, in its broad understanding, for application to International Relations. Although Psychology offers an abundance of theories that are useful for this purpose, they have so far remained largely untapped. In chapters on conflict, hegemony, terrorism, mental health, global consciousness, and peace proposals, Byer provides a synthesis of these two complimentary disciplines. This innovative volume presents the first contribution to the new discipline of International Political Psychology.
This short introduction to the United Nations analyzes the organization as itis today, and how it can be transformed to respond to its critics. Combiningessential information about its history and workings with practical proposalsof how it can be strengthened, Trent and Schnurr examine what needs to bedone, and also how we can actually move toward the required reforms. Thisbook is written for a new generation of change-makers — a generation seekingbetter institutions that reflect the realities of the 21st century and that can actcollectively in the interest of all.
Wissenschaft und Politik müssen sich heute vielfachen, oft neuen Herausforderungen stellen: Zerfallende Staaten, Verteilungskonflikte, Terrorismus und Flüchtlingsströme sind nur einige Beispiele. Im vorliegenden Band zeichnen renommierte Experten und Expertinnen aus dem In- und Ausland ein Panorama der internationalen Sicherheitsherausforderungen des 21. Jahrhunderts. Unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Rolle Deutschlands zeigen sie dabei strategische Ansätze auf, wie diese Herausforderungen effektiv und sinnvoll bewältigt werden können und liefern so neue Impulse für die sicherheitspolitische Debatte in Deutschland.

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