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This text reports and discusses the results of a three year long empirical, legal and philosophical investigation into the ownership and exploitation of intellectual property rights by universities in the UK, the USA and Australia. It reviews and compares the intellectual property regimes and academic traditions within which these universities operate, and evaluates the differing policy approaches which these institutions have adopted to the ownership and exploitation of intellectual property created under their auspices. It concludes with a consideration of desirable alternative approaches that might be adopted to these matters in the future.
This book brings together all those rules of intellectual property in a practical format.
Intellectual property law in Australia is a constantly changing field. Developments in technology, such as in the life sciences and in the digitisation of the creation, analysis, distribution and use of information, along with economic globalisation, are having an increasingly significant impact on this field of law. The third edition of Australian Intellectual Property Law has been updated to include the most important recent developments in intellectual property law, including: • the 'Raising the Bar' amendments to the Patents Act and case law concerning the meaning of 'manner of manufacture' • proposed reforms to the Copyright Act • the High Court's consideration of trademarks in various contexts • recent statutory changes and court judgments. Through its comprehensive discussion of the black-letter aspects of the law, and primary emphasis on legal principles and complexities, Australian Intellectual Property Law continues to offer a detailed and scholarly insight into Australian intellectual property law for students and professionals.
Intellectual property law is a subject of increasing economic importance and the focus of a great deal of legislative activity at an international and regional level. This collection brings together contributions from some of the most distinquished scholars in this exciting and controversial field, covering the full extent of intellectual property laws, that is, patents, copyright, trade marks and related rights. the contributions examine some of the most pressing practical and theoretical concerns which intellectual property lawyers face.
The traditional role of the university has been to teach and conduct original research, but this situation is changing. As governments judge universities on new criteria - including the 'impact' they have - and as universities are driven to search for finance from new sources, those that run universities are increasingly looking to exploit the intellectual property created by their researchers to help deliver this impact and income. How this should be done, and whether it should be done at all, is subject to much debate. The key issues are: - What constitutes intellectual property? - Do academics or universities own IP? - Does the commercialisation of IP impact academic freedom? - How can IP best be exploited and who should be financially rewarded when it is? - What assistance can governments and other bodies provide? This book investigates these issues. After a review of how the current situation came to be, the views and experiences of a range of experts are presented, including those of a former high court judge, a senior lawyer, a patent attorney and professionals involved in technology transfer. The contributors examine whether the roles of higher education institutions have changed, what academics and universities should be doing, and how technology transfer can be made more effective and efficient. To conclude, a provocative look at the ethics of the situation is presented.
Over the last several decades there has been a growing interest in Research & Development (R&D) policy. This is particularly so in advanced industrialized nations that have adopted science- and technology- based strategies for national economic competitiveness. The United States, the United Kingdom, and Japan -- the three nations that are the subjects of this book -- share this policy strategy. Each of these nations is committed to hamessing the innovations that stern from scientific and technological advance to promote national economic prosperity. Governments can influence their nation's R&D efIort in three general ways. First, they can directly fund the R&D efIort through grants, loans, appropriations, or government contracts. Second, they can provide tax and financing incentives to encourage higher levels of private sector R&D. Third, they can use their power to create inter-organizational collaborations that vastly extend and expand the nation's collective R&D efIort. University-industry collaborations are a principal type of these inter organizational R&D efIorts -- and the focus of this book.

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