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Explores the relationship between parents and children and shows how critical parents are in determining which children will be happy and productive.
The purpose of this remarkable book is to analyse questions that many Americans find themselves asking each day as the sad events of the day are reported in the news: What has gone wrong with the families of this country? Why is the problem of violent crime so bad, particularly among the young, among ethnic minorities, and in large cities? This book crystallises these questions. This book develops and thoroughly explores the theory that antisocial behaviour is an adaptive response to low parental investment.
The papers in this volume bring together a cross-disciplinary mix of researchers--developmental psychologists, evolutionary biologists, economists, anthropologists, and sociologists--working on the common theme of investments in children. The interdisciplinary conceptual framework adopted by this collection of papers is loosely built around the idea that there are two broad dimensions of parental investments. These include resources (e.g., income, wealth) on the one hand, and behaviors (e.g., parental instrumental support and parental activities that promote warmth, socialization, and cognitive stimulation) on the other. Believing that parental investments yield a "return" in improved child and young adult outcomes, the papers discuss how parents differ in terms of the resources they have available to invest, the choices parents make, the behaviors they engage in, and relevant policy and program interventions. More specifically, core questions addressed by the authors include: Why do some families invest while others do not and are differential investment patterns related to biology, economics, or social factors? What constitutes a successful "investment portfolio?" How are "investments" measured and/or characterized? Are different investments interchangeable, compensating, or off-setting? Given a set of resources, why are some families able to make more effective investments in child outcomes? How well do these investments affect outcomes for children and for these children as young adults? Can interventions or public policies help families build assets or become "better" investors in their children's potential? Developing a better understanding of what investments matter, when they matter, and how resources can be successfully invested in children's potential is key to shaping efficient interventions and social policies. Knowledge of how parents invest and what strategies are effective may help policies which seek to further empower and enable parental involvement and choice for their children.
International Review of Research in Mental Retardation is an ongoing scholarly look at research into the causes, effects, classification systems, syndromes, etc. of mental retardation. Contributors come from wide-ranging perspectives, including genetics, psychology, education, and other health and behavioral sciences.
Enriched with anecdotes from ethnography and the daily media, this revised edition examines family structure, reproduction, profiles of children's caretakers, their treatment at different ages, their play, work, schooling, and transition to adulthood. The result is a nuanced and credible picture of childhood in different cultures, past and present.
ADMINISTRATION OF PROGRAMS FOR YOUNG CHILDREN is a tried and true guide for early childhood education students who want to be directors, as well as a comprehensive resource for those who are already directors. The text emphasizes the role of leaders/managers and their function in relation to new staff, while simultaneously addressing the needs of children, parents, and other staff. Coverage includes a wide variety of information about relevant program elements as well as methods and principles related to supervising student teachers, assistant teachers, teachers, parents, and volunteers. Real-life scenarios equip working directors with problem- solving techniques; readers also learn best practices in child care program management. Highlights include a fresh new design, a new chapter diversity, up-to-date technology information, and new TeachSource Videos integrated into each chapter. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Each of the contributors describes how theory has been used to generate new knowledge in the field and suggests future directions for how theory may be used to extend our knowledge base. The book helps readers acquire a working knowledge of the key family science theories, findings, and issues and understand how researchers make use of these theories in their empirical efforts. To maximize accessibility, each of the renowned contributors addresses a common set of issues in their chapter: Introduction to the content area; Review of the key topics, issues, and findings; A description of each of the major theories used to study that particular content area; Limitations of the theories; Suggestions for better use of the theories and/or new theoretical advances; Conclusions about future theoretical developments.

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