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This paper will try to answer this question, posed by the title. But, we want to start with the idea that cyber-warfare may be construed to be more than it is. The psychological effects of cyber-warfare may be greater than the real issue, particularly as its interpreted by the media. Another question that comes up is how do we begin to examine a question of law, where little information exists? Now that we’re in the 21st century, it’s long overdue to fully examine this issue. Although, more than a decade has passed since discussion of this issue began, there are still many questions. What if this thought, this idea, is being “psychologically built” into the minds of people; manipulation? What happens when it becomes a self-fulfilling prophecy? I think it’s important to begin any discussion of this type with a “what do you mean by attitude”. In other words, for us to provide a positive communication environment it’s important that we begin by defining certain terms. Let’s begin with cyberspace. What is cyberspace? What is, in fact, the meaning of this space? And if cyberspace can really be understood as space, what its resultant role of architecture in this still largely unknown realm? Is all reality then necessarily becoming virtual reality? Who are the architects of cyberspace, and which designing principles should they follow? And if there are really architects involved, why are the contemporary examples of virtual reality environments nowadays then still characterized as banal? Moreover, what does it actually mean to design cyberspace? Which urban metaphors are implemented in the virtual realm, so that in some way familiar notions become apparent in this abstract and technological world? Is cyberspace a novel departure or an extension – perhaps the final extension – of the trajectory of abstraction and dematerialization that has characterized so much modern art, architecture and human experience?