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Georeferencing--relating information to geographic location--has been incorporated into today's information systems in various ways. We use online services to map our route from one place to another; science, business, and government increasingly use geographic information systems (GIS) to hold and analyze data. Most georeferenced information searches using today's information systems are done by text query. But text searches for placenames fall short--when, for example, a place is known by several names (or by none). In addition, text searches don't cover all sources of geographic data; maps are traditionally accessed only through special indexes, filing systems, and agency contacts; data from remote sensing images or aerial photography is indexed by geospatial location (mathematical coordinates such as longitude and latitude). In this book, Linda Hill describes the advantages of integrating placename-based and geospatial referencing, introducing an approach to "unified georeferencing" that uses placename and geospatial referencing interchangeably across all types of information storage and retrieval systems.After a brief overview of relevant material from cognitive psychology on how humans perceive and respond to geographic space, Hill introduces the reader to basic information about geospatial information objects, concepts of geospatial referencing, the role of gazetteer data, the ways in which geospatial referencing has been included in metadata structures, and methods for the implementation of geographic information retrieval (GIR). Georeferencing will be a valuable reference for librarians, archivists, scientific data managers, information managers, designers of online services, and any information professional who deals with place-based information.
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 8th European Conference on Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries, ECDL 2004, held in Bath, UK in September 2004. The 47 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from a total of 148 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on digital library architectures, evaluation and usability, user interfaces and presentation, new approaches to information retrieval, interoperability, enhanced indexing and search methods, personalization and applications, music digital libraries, personal digital libraries, innovative technologies, open archive initiative, new models and tools, and user-centered design.
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Second International Workshop on Location- and Context-Awareness, LoCA 2006, held in Dublin, Ireland, in May 2006. The 18 revised full papers presented were carefully selected during two rounds of reviewing and improvement from 74 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on location sensing, mapping, privacy and access, context sensing, social context, representation and programming.
This book addresses the field of geographic information extraction and retrieval from textual documents. Geographic information retrieval is a rapidly emerging subject, a trend fostered by the growing power of the Internet and the emerging possibilities of data dissemination. After positioning his work in this field in Chapter 1, the author makes proposals in the following two chapters. Chapter 2 focuses on spatial and temporal information indexing and retrieval in corpora of textual documents. Propositions for both spatial and temporal information retrieval (IR) are made. Chapter 3 tackles the use of generalized spatial and temporal indexes, which are produced from there in the framework of multi-criteria IR. Geographic IR (GIR) is discussed at length, since this IR combines the criteria of spatial, temporal and thematic research. The author provides a rich bibliographical study of the current approaches focused on the modeling and retrieval of spatial and temporal information in textual documents, and similarity measures developed thus far in the literature. The book concludes with a broad perspective of the remaining scientific challenges. Several areas of research are discussed, such as integration of a domain-based ontology, modeling of spatial footprints from the interpretation of spatial relation, and parsing of relations between features deemed relevant within a document resulting from a GIR process. Contents Foreword, Christophe Claramunt. 1. Access by Geographic Content to Textual Corpora: What Orientations ? 2. Spatial and Temporal Information Retrieval in Textual Corpora. 3. Multicriteria Information Retrieval in Textual Corpora. 4. General Conclusion. About the Authors Christian Sallaberry is currently Assistant Professor at the Law, Economics and Management Faculty in Pau, France. His current research interests are in the fields of geographical information retrieval (GIR) in textual corpora: spatial, temporal and thematic information recognition, analyzing, indexing and retrieval. He is interested in spatial, temporal and thematic criteria combinations within a GIR process.
This three volume set (CCIS 853-855) constitutes the proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Information Processing and Management of Uncertainty in Knowledge-Based Systems, IPMU 2017, held in Cádiz, Spain, in June 2018. The 193 revised full papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 383 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on advances on explainable artificial intelligence; aggregation operators, fuzzy metrics and applications; belief function theory and its applications; current techniques to model, process and describe time series; discrete models and computational intelligence; formal concept analysis and uncertainty; fuzzy implication functions; fuzzy logic and artificial intelligence problems; fuzzy mathematical analysis and applications; fuzzy methods in data mining and knowledge discovery; fuzzy transforms: theory and applications to data analysis and image processing; imprecise probabilities: foundations and applications; mathematical fuzzy logic, mathematical morphology; measures of comparison and entropies for fuzzy sets and their extensions; new trends in data aggregation; pre-aggregation functions and generalized forms of monotonicity; rough and fuzzy similarity modelling tools; soft computing for decision making in uncertainty; soft computing in information retrieval and sentiment analysis; tri-partitions and uncertainty; decision making modeling and applications; logical methods in mining knowledge from big data; metaheuristics and machine learning; optimization models for modern analytics; uncertainty in medicine; uncertainty in Video/Image Processing (UVIP).
Proceedings of the 30th Annual International Conference on Very Large Data Bases held in Toronto, Canada on August 31 - September 3 2004. Organized by the VLDB Endowment, VLDB is the premier international conference on database technology.
Presently, in our world, visual information dominates. The turn of the millenium marks the age of visual information systems. Enabled by picture sensors of all kinds turning digital, visual information will not only enhance the value of existing information, it will also open up a new horizon of previously untapped information sources. There is a huge demand for visual information access from the consumer. As well, the handling of visual information is boosted by the rapid increase of hardware and Internet capabilities. Advanced technology for visual information systems is more urgently needed than ever before: not only new computational methods to retrieve, index, compress and uncover pictorial information, but also new metaphors to organize user interfaces. Also, new ideas and algorithms are needed which allow access to very large databases of digital pictures and videos. Finally we should not forget new systems with visual interfaces integrating the above components into new types of image, video or multimedia databases and hyperdocuments. All of these technologies will enable the construction of systems that are radically different from conventional information systems. Many novel issues will need to be addressed: query formulation for pictorial information, consistency management thereof, indexing and assessing the quality of these systems. Historically, the expression Visual Information Systems can be understood either as a system for image information or as visual system for any kind information.
This volume constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 11th International Symposium on Spatial and Temporal Databases, SSTD 2009, held in Aalborg, Denmark, in July 2009. The 20 revised full papers presented together with 3 keynotes, 7 short papers, and 10 demonstration papers, were thoroughly reviewed and selected from a total of 62 research submissions and 11 demonstration submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on spatial and flow networks, integrity and security, uncertain data and new technologies, indexing and monitoring moving objects, advanced queries, as well as on models and languages.
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 11th Pacific-Asia Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining, PAKDD 2007, held in Nanjing, China, May 2007. It covers new ideas, original research results and practical development experiences from all KDD-related areas including data mining, machine learning, data warehousing, data visualization, automatic scientific discovery, knowledge acquisition and knowledge-based systems.
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Industrial and Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence and Expert Systems, IEA/AIE 2003, held in Loughborough, UK in June 2003. The 81 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from more than 140 submissions. Among the topics addressed are soft computing, fuzzy logic, diagnosis, knowledge representation, knowledge management, automated reasoning, machine learning, planning and scheduling, evolutionary computation, computer vision, agent systems, algorithmic learning, tutoring systems, financial analysis, etc.
18th Symposium Held in Porto, Portugal, 2008
These are the fully refereed proceedings of the International Conference on Materials Science and Information Technology (MSIT 2011), held during the 16-18 September 2011 in Singapore. The main goal of the event was to provide an international scientific forum for the exchange of new ideas in a number of fields by permitting in-depth interaction via discussions with peers from around the world. Core areas of materials science and information technology, plus multi-disciplinary and interdisciplinary aspects are covered. Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS).
Selected, peer reviewed papers from the 2013 2nd International Conference on Energy and Environmental Protection (ICEEP 2013), April 19-21, 2013, Guilin, China
The four volume set LNAI 3681, LNAI 3682, LNAI 3683, and LNAI 3684 constitute the refereed proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Knowledge-Based Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems, KES 2005, held in Melbourne, Australia in September 2005. The 716 revised papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from nearly 1400 submissions. The papers present a wealth of original research results from the field of intelligent information processing in the broadest sense. The second volume contains papers on machine learning, immunity-based systems, medical diagnosis, intelligent hybrid systems and control, emotional intelligence and smart systems, context-aware evolvable systems, intelligent fuzzy systems and control, knowledge representation and its practical application in today's society, approaches and methods into security engineering, communicative intelligence, intelligent watermarking algorithms and applications, intelligent techniques and control, e-learning and ICT, logic based intelligent information systems, intelligent agents and their applications, innovations in intelligent agents, ontologies and the semantic web, knowledge discovery in data streams, computational intelligence tools techniques and algorithms, watermarking applications, multimedia retrieval, soft computing approach to industrial engineering, and experience management and information systems.
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 8th European Conference on Principles and Practice of Knowledge Discovery in Databases, PKDD 2004, held in Pisa, Italy, in September 2004 jointly with ECML 2004. The 39 revised full papers and 9 revised short papers presented together with abstracts of 5 invited talks were carefully reviewed and selected from 194 papers submitted to PKDD and 107 papers submitted to both, PKDD and ECML. The papers present a wealth of new results in knowledge discovery in databases and address all current issues in the area.
This 4-volumes set contains selected and peer-review papers in the subject areas of environmental chemistry, biology and technology, environmental materials and processes, environmental safety and health, environmental planning and assessment, environmental analysis, modelling and monitoring, environmental restoration engineering, pollution control (air, water, solid), waste disposal and recycling, water supply and drainage engineering, sound, noise and vibration control, clean production process, hydrology and water resources engineering, architectural environment, soil and water conservation and desertification control, eco-environmental protection, forest cultivation and conservation, plant protection and biotechnology, geographic information and remote sensing science, land resources, environment and urban planning.
Collection of selected, peer reviewed papers from the 2014 International Conference on Mechatronics Engineering and Modern Technologies in Industrial Engineering (MEMTIE 2014), October 25-26, 2014, Changsha, Hunan, China. The 664 papers are grouped as follows: Chapter 1: Applied Mechanics and Dynamics, Mechanical Engineering, Manufacturing; Chapter 2: Measurement and Instrumentation, Monitoring, Testing and Detection Technologies; Chapter 3: Mechatronics, Robotics, Automation and Control; Chapter 4: Electronics and Microelectronics, Embedded and Integrated Systems, Communications, Power and Energy, Electric and Magnetic Systems; Chapter 5: Numerical Methods, Computation Methods and Algorithms for Modeling, Simulation and Optimization, Data Mining and Data Processing; Chapter 6: Information Technologies, WEB and Networks Engineering, Information Security, Software Application and Development; Chapter 7: Materials Engineering, Chemical Engineering and Materials Processing Technologies
Collection of selected, peer reviewed papers from the 2014 4th International Conference on Materials Science and Information Technology (MSIT 2014), June 14-15, 2014, Tianjin, China. The 1292 papers are grouped as follows: Chapter 1: Advanced Materials Science, Chemical Engineering and Processing Technologies, Chapter 2: Applied Mechanics, Construction and Testing Technologies, Chapter 3: Bio- and Medicine Research, Chapter 4: Resource, Energy and Electronic Development, Environmental Engineering, Chapter 5: Advanced Technologies in Modelling, Simulation and Optimization, Computation Methods and Algorithms, Intelligent Engineering Applications, Chapter 6: Advanced Technologies in Mechanical Engineering, Mechatronics, Automation, Measuremant, Control and Manufacturing Technology, Chapter 7: Communication, Signal and Image Processing, Data Acquisition and Recognation Technologies, Chapter 8: General Principles of Information Technology, WEB and Networks Engineering, Information Security, E-Engineering, Software Application and Development, Chapter 9: Advanced Information and Innovative Technologies for Management, Logistics, Economics, Education, Assessment
This book highlights the latest research findings, innovative research results, methods and development techniques, from both theoretical and practical perspectives, in the emerging areas of information networking, data and Web technologies. It gathers papers originally presented at the 5th International Conference on Emerging Internetworking, Data & Web Technologies (EIDWT-2017) held 10–11 June 2017 in Wuhan, China. The conference is dedicated to the dissemination of original contributions that are related to the theories, practices and concepts of emerging internetworking and data technologies – and most importantly, to how they can be applied in business and academia to achieve a collective intelligence approach. Information networking, data and Web technologies are currently undergoing a rapid evolution. As a result, they are now expected to manage increasing usage demand, provide support for a significant number of services, consistently deliver Quality of Service (QoS), and optimize network resources. Highlighting these aspects, the book discusses methods and practices that combine various internetworking and emerging data technologies to capture, integrate, analyze, mine, annotate, and visualize data, and make it available for various users and applications.

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