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Of o utanoreo Pattern Cflass Pttck is MINNIE WATSON KAMM Drawings by the author MOTSCHALL COMPANY CONTENTS PAGE INTRODUCTION 1 GROUP ONE Creamers of foreign origin and dating probably from the Sixties 3 GROUP TWO Pieces of early American origin with crimped applied handles, two of them hollowed as well 7 GROUP THREE Creamers of early date with high to moderate standards and plain flat circular bases. Patterns generally geometric and in relief handles mostly pressed and fancy, a few of the early applied type 11 GROUP FOUR Creamers with high to moderate stands but with the bases hollowed to the waist 23 GROUP FIVE Patterns with stands reduced to thickened or thin waists only and bases sloping and hollowed beneath to the waists handles pressed or of the later applied type 51 GROUP SIX Bases lower than in Group Five, with very little hollowed space beneath 59 GROUP SEVEN Creamers with no artificial bases, resting on the bottoms of their bowls 98 GROUP EIGHT A group including cylinders and tankards 105 GROUP NINE Creamers with bowls resting on uneven scalloped bases increasing in height to separate feet - 109 GROUP TEN Water pitchers of various types and periods 121 INDEX 133 INTRODUCTION This booklet is a continuation of the writers first one on the subject and includes two hundred more patterns, mostly American and covering various periods in our glass manufacture obviously, however, most of the designs are fairly late ones and very few of them are included in the glass literature or have generally recognized names. The chronological order used in the former booklet is followed here and, while an attempt has been made to arrange patterns in order of their age, this process is far fromsatisfactory because some patterns included a creamer having a high standard and flat circular foot and another resting flat on the bottom of the bowl It may be true, however, that the latter piece was added to the trade list at a later period, many patterns often being carried in stock for many years. It is well known that some of the old-time patterns were revived at much later periods the United States Glass Company, for instance, which was formed around 1890, absorbed some thirteen older firms, some of them dating from the early Fifties George Duncan and Sons, Adams and Company, and Bryce Broth ers, all of Pittsburgh Richards and Hartley and Challinor, Taylor and Company, both of Tarenturn, Pa. Giliinder Bros, of Port Jervis, N. Y. 7 and many others, several of these companies later starting out afresh under slightly different names and often at different places. In 1898 many of the old iron molds of the parent companies were discovered and reconditioned, and some of the older patterns were thus revived but they never attained the popularity of earlier years for the taste of the public had changed, due to the advent of brilliantly colored blown glass and later of cut glass. These revived patterns were soon dropped but when these later pieces are found today they add to the confusion of the collector although they can be detected sometimes by inferiority of quality and a slight blurring of the pattern, There is considerable variation in a single piece in a pattern, the creamer one may have in hand differing considerably from the authors drawing in shape, size, and placement of the pattern. This is due to the fact that, when copyrights were nonexistent, a pattern once having becomepopular was reproduced by sev eral factories, with slight unavoidable or purposefully made variations. One is often puzzled by finding water pitchers with covers or ledges inside the rim for missing covers and by the fact that creamers in a given pattern may exist both with and without ledges for covers this is explained by the fact that factories made covered hollow wares such as compotes, pitchers, bowls, etc...