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This book is written for those who are interested in a fonnalization of human reasoning, especially in order to build "intelligent" computer systems. Thus, it is mainly designed for the Artificial Intelligence community, both students and researchers, although it can be useful for people working in related fields like cognitive psychology. The major theme is not Artificial Intelligence applications, although these are discussed throughout in sketch fonn. Rather, the book places a heavy emphasis on the fonnal development of default logic, results and problems. Default logic provides a fonnalism for an important part of human reasoning. Default logic is specifically concerned with common sense reasoning, which has recently been recognized in the Artificial Intelligence literature to be of fundamental importance for knowledge representation. Previously, fonnalized reasoning systems failed in real world environments, though succeeding with an acceptable ratio in well-defined environments. This situation enabled empirical explorations and the design of systems without theoretical justification. In particular, they could not be compared since there was no basis to judge their respective merits. Default logic turned out to be very fruitful by proving the correctness of some of them. We hope that this book will initiate other successful developments in default logic.
An Introduction to Default Logic
Language: en
Pages: 210
Authors: Philippe Besnard
Categories: Computers
Type: BOOK - Published: 2013-04-17 - Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

This book is written for those who are interested in a fonnalization of human reasoning, especially in order to build "intelligent" computer systems. Thus, it is mainly designed for the Artificial Intelligence community, both students and researchers, although it can be useful for people working in related fields like cognitive
Uncertainty in Information Systems
Language: en
Pages: 11
Authors: Anthony Hunter
Categories: Computers
Type: BOOK - Published: 1996 - Publisher: McGraw-Hill Book Company Limited

This text is intended to highlight the significance of uncertainty in the management of information, introduce methods of modelling uncertain information and discuss current and potential applications of such methods in information systems. It provides the reader with the following: a discussion of the kinds of information that are problematical;
INTRODUCTION TO ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
Language: en
Pages: 440
Authors: RAJENDRA AKERKAR
Categories: Computers
Type: BOOK - Published: 2014-07-18 - Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.

This comprehensive text acquaints the readers with the important aspects of artificial intelligence (AI) and intelligent systems and guides them towards a better understanding of the subject. The text begins with a brief introduction to artificial intelligence, including application areas, its history and future, and programming. It then deals with
Reasons as Defaults
Language: en
Pages: 272
Authors: John F. Horty
Categories: Philosophy
Type: BOOK - Published: 2012-01-31 - Publisher: Oxford University Press

Although the study of reasons plays an important role in both epistemology and moral philosophy, little attention has been devoted to the question of how, exactly, reasons interact to support the actions or conclusions they do. In this book, John F. Horty attempts to answer this question by providing a
An Introduction to Fuzzy Logic Applications in Intelligent Systems
Language: en
Pages: 356
Authors: Ronald R. Yager, Lotfi A. Zadeh
Categories: Computers
Type: BOOK - Published: 2012-12-06 - Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

An Introduction to Fuzzy Logic Applications in Intelligent Systems consists of a collection of chapters written by leading experts in the field of fuzzy sets. Each chapter addresses an area where fuzzy sets have been applied to situations broadly related to intelligent systems. The volume provides an introduction to and