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Theodore Evergates provides the first systematic analysis of the aristocracy in the county of Champagne under the independent counts. He argues that three factors—the rise of the comital state, fiefholding, and the conjugal family—were critical to shaping a loose assortment of baronial and knightly families into an aristocracy with shared customs, institutions, and identity. Evergates mines the rich, varied, and in some respects unique collection of source materials from Champagne to provide a dynamic picture of a medieval aristocracy and its evolving symbiotic relationship with the counts. Count Henry the Liberal (1152-81) began the process of transforming a quasi-independent baronage accustomed to collegial governance into an elite of landholding families subordinate to the count and his officials. By the time Countess Jeanne married the future King Philip IV of France in 1284, the fiefholding families of Champagne had become a distinct provincial nobility. Throughout, it was the conjugal community, rather than primogeniture or patrilineage, that remained the core familial institution determining the customs regarding community property, dowry, dower, and partible inheritance. Those customs guaranteed that every lineage would survive, but frequently through a younger son or daughter. The life courses of women and men, influenced not only by social norms but also by individual choice and circumstance, were equally unpredictable. Evergates concludes that imposed models of "the aristocratic family" fail to capture the diversity of individual lives and lineages within one of the more vibrant principalities of medieval France.
This addition to the Michelin Green Guide series provides travellers with a comprehensive guide to the cultural and natural highlights of the Alsace Champagne.
In Creating Cistercian Nuns, Anne E. Lester addresses a central issue in the history of the medieval church: the role of women in the rise of the religious reform movement of the thirteenth century. Focusing on the county of Champagne in France, Lester reconstructs the history of the women’s religious movement and its institutionalization within the Cistercian order. The common picture of the early Cistercian order is that it was unreceptive to religious women. Male Cistercian leaders often avoided institutional oversight of communities of nuns, preferring instead to cultivate informal relationships of spiritual advice and guidance with religious women. As a result, scholars believed that women who wished to live a life of service and poverty were more likely to join one of the other reforming orders rather than the Cistercians. As Lester shows, however, this picture is deeply flawed. Between 1220 and 1240 the Cistercian order incorporated small independent communities of religious women in unprecedented numbers. Moreover, the order not only accommodated women but also responded to their interpretations of apostolic piety, even as it defined and determined what constituted Cistercian nuns in terms of dress, privileges, and liturgical practice. Lester reconstructs the lived experiences of these women, integrating their ideals and practices into the broader religious and social developments of the thirteenth century—including the crusade movement, penitential piety, the care of lepers, and the reform agenda of the Fourth Lateran Council. The book closes by addressing the reasons for the subsequent decline of Cistercian convents in the fourteenth century. Based on extensive analysis of unpublished archives, Creating Cistercian Nuns will force scholars to revise their understanding of the women’s religious movement as it unfolded during the thirteenth century.
Ian Stead's interest in the Iron Age is the linking theme in this volume of essays in this honour. It includes papers on fieldwork and objects and their decoration from the Iron Age and Roman times. The contributors are: Donald M Bailey, Andrew Burnett, Jean-Jaques Charpy, Barry Cunliffe, John Dent, Jennifer Foster, F R Hodson, Ralph Jackson, R P Jackson and P T Craddock, Catherine Johns, Martyn Jope, J Lang, W H Manning, M Ruth and Vincent Megaw, Barry Raftery, Miklós Szabó and Otto-Herman Frey.
"Verzeichnis der Mitarbeiter an Band i-x" : v. 10, p. [622]-625.
In this detailed study of the wines of France, one of the world's leading authorities on wine discusses every appellation and explains its character and the best growers. He uses a star system to identify the finest estates. More than 40 specially commissioned maps show the main appellations and wine villages of France.
This essential new book takes you through all the stages of buying a house and moving to France, covering everything a non-French person needs to know about:? Buying a house in France- choosing the right area- the different property styles- looking for the right property- dealing with property agents- building your own house- arranging finance for the purchase- negotiating the property transaction? Moving to France- moving into your new house- getting all the paperwork right- opening bank accounts and tax- health and the French social security system- running a gite business- finding a job or starting a business in FrancePlus hundreds of tips and lots of advice on all those small matters that are key to making your purchase in France a success.All this is explained in straight-forward language, supported by a wealth of tables, contact details for further information, and many case studies of people who have bought property in France.Is this book for you?The book is for anyone looking to buy a property in France to use as a holiday home, to work from, or to start a new life abroad.It can be used as an active reference guide when "on the ground" in France, getting up early for that 8am appointment with an immobilier. But can also be used by people thinking about moving to France in the future, but who are not quite ready to make the move yet. This book highlights all the issues that you need to consider.
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