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Today's blockbuster video games -- and their never-ending sequels, sagas, and reboots -- provide plenty of excitement in high-resolution but for the most part fail to engage a player's moral imagination. In Beyond Choices, Miguel Sicart calls for a new generation of video and computer games that are ethically relevant by design. In the 1970s, mainstream films -- including The Godfather, Apocalypse Now, Raging Bull, and Taxi Driver -- filled theaters but also treated their audiences as thinking beings. Why can't mainstream video games have the same moral and aesthetic impact? Sicart argues that it is time for games to claim their place in the cultural landscape as vehicles for ethical reflection. Sicart looks at games in many manifestations: toys, analog games, computer and video games, interactive fictions, commercial entertainments, and independent releases. Drawing on philosophy, design theory, literary studies, aesthetics, and interviews with game developers, Sicart provides a systematic account of how games can be designed to challenge and enrich our moral lives. After discussing such topics as definition of ethical gameplay and the structure of the game as a designed object, Sicart offers a theory of the design of ethical game play. He also analyzes the ethical aspects of game play in a number of current games, including Spec Ops: The Line, Beautiful Escape: Dungeoneer, Fallout New Vegas, and Anna Anthropy's Dys4Ia. Games are designed to evoke specific emotions; games that engage players ethically, Sicart argues, enable us to explore and express our values through play.
Current public health promotion of breastfeeding relies heavily on health messaging and individual behavior change. Women are told that “breast is best” but too little serious attention is given to addressing the many social, economic, and political factors that combine to limit women’s real choice to breastfeed beyond a few days or weeks. The result: women’s, infants’, and public health interests are undermined. Beyond Health, Beyond Choice examines how feminist perspectives can inform public health support for breastfeeding. Written by authors from diverse disciplines, perspectives, and countries, this collection of essays is arranged thematically and considers breastfeeding in relation to public health and health care; work and family; embodiment (specifically breastfeeding in public); economic and ethnic factors; guilt; violence; and commercialization. By examining women’s experiences and bringing feminist insights to bear on a public issue, the editors attempt to reframe the discussion to better inform public health approaches and political action. Doing so can help us recognize the value of breastfeeding for the public’s health and the important productive and reproductive contributions women make to the world.
Beyond Choice and Secrecy seamlessly interweaves themes of love and loss, conflict and death through two radically diverse cultures: sexually-liberated 1960s Brooklyn and tradition-bound Naples, Italy in the same epoch. Tristan Bellini paints both worlds vividly with stunningly memorable characters and a sometimes dark satire that simultaneously jangles our funny bones and rubs raw our middle-class sensibilities. Bellini¿s protagonist, Jude McGrath, a recent Brooklyn College graduate studying in Italy, meets delicious Bianca Bellini, daughter of a Neapolitan baron. Within weeks, they decide to marry. Bianca fears her father¿s disapproval and coaches freethinking Jude for his meeting with the traditionalist baron, recounting a history of larger-than-life Generoso Bellini¿s exploits. To Bianca¿s relief, the two men take to one another. The marriage goes well for a year in Naples but flounders in Brooklyn. Homesick, Bianca returns to Naples periodically. In her absence, Jude becomes involved with Joy, a precocious and formidable teenager. The triangle proves improbably durable, surviving family tragedies and efforts to break it from without and within. Bellini¿s treatment of it, by turns funny and touching, challenges our conventional paradigm of what relationships must and should be, questioning the limitations it imposes on how and whom we love and the painful choices it reserves for those who breach them.
Death...A Practical Guide to the choices that Lie Beyond answers the questions that should be asked now. This guide will provide practical, applicable information, along with sample forms, to help you make clear decisions about the many choices that lie beyond.
Are human beings motivated exclusively by self-interest? The orthodox theory of rational choice in economics thinks that they are. Amartya Sen disagrees, and his concept commitment is central to his vision of an alternative to mainstream rational choice theory. This book examines commitment as it has evolved in Sen's critique of orthodox rational choice theory. The in-depth focus on commitment reveals subtleties in the concept itself as well as in its relationships with other concepts which Sen develops in his critique of rational choice theory, for example preference, sympathy, weakness of will, agency, personhood, social norms, rights, self-welfare goal and self-goal choice. The book provides a comprehensive understanding of commitment and offers novel interpretations of the term as a way of strengthening its plausibility. Broadly in support of Sen’s conceptualization of rational choice, the book nevertheless reveals ambiguities and weaknesses in Sen’s conceptual framework, and it reformulates Sen’s concepts when doing so strengthens the claims he makes. The book also engages with critics of Sen and argues for the importance of commitment as a component in the theory of rational choice.

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