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Apaches at War and Peace is the story of the Chiricahua Apaches on the northern frontier of New Spain from 1750 to 1858, especially those within the region of the Janos presidio in northwestern Chihuahua. Using previously untapped archives in Spain, Mexico, and the United States, William Griffen relates how Apache raids and other hostilities were the norm until Bernardo de Galvez, viceroy of New Spain, encouraged the Apaches to settle near presidios. By 1790 some Apaches were in residence at Janos, and intermittent periods of peace and conflict ensued until Mexican independence brought more radical changes in Indian policy (such as the state of Sonora's offer of bounties for Indian scalps). Griffen explores issues of changing Indian policy, Indian-Mexican relations, and the entry of the United States onto the scene after its invasion of Mexico. For this reprint he includes a new preface discussing recentresearch issues.
Apaches at War and Peace
Language: en
Pages: 300
Authors: William B. Griffen
Categories: History
Type: BOOK - Published: 1998-09-01 - Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press

Apaches at War and Peace is the story of the Chiricahua Apaches on the northern frontier of New Spain from 1750 to 1858, especially those within the region of the Janos presidio in northwestern Chihuahua. Using previously untapped archives in Spain, Mexico, and the United States, William Griffen relates how
Big Sycamore Stands Alone
Language: en
Pages: 384
Authors: Ian W. Record
Categories: Biography & Autobiography
Type: BOOK - Published: 2014-10-20 - Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press

Western Apaches have long regarded the corner of Arizona encompassing Aravaipa Canyon as their sacred homeland. This book examines the evolving relationship between this people and this place, illustrating the enduring power of Aravaipa to shape and sustain contemporary Apache society. Big Sycamore Stands Alone: The Western Apaches, Aravaipa, and
Indian Captivity in Spanish America
Language: en
Pages: 289
Authors: Fernando Operé
Categories: History
Type: BOOK - Published: 2008 - Publisher: University of Virginia Press

Even before the arrival of Europeans to the Americas, the practice of taking captives was widespread among Native Americans. Indians took captives for many reasons: to replace—by adoption—tribal members who had been lost in battle, to use as barter for needed material goods, to use as slaves, or to use
Shadows at Dawn
Language: en
Pages: 384
Authors: Karl Jacoby
Categories: History
Type: BOOK - Published: 2009-11-24 - Publisher: Penguin

A masterful reconstruction of one of the worst Indian massacres in American history In April 1871, a group of Americans, Mexicans, and Tohono O?odham Indians surrounded an Apache village at dawn and murdered nearly 150 men, women, and children in their sleep. In the past century the attack, which came
Environmental Change in Aravaipa, 1870-1970
Language: en
Pages: 368
Authors: Diana Hadley
Categories: Apache Indians
Type: BOOK - Published: 1991 - Publisher:

Books about Environmental Change in Aravaipa, 1870-1970