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Addressing the immensely important topic of research credibility, Raymond Hubbard’s groundbreaking Corrupt Research proposes that we must treat such information with a healthy dose of skepticism. This book argues that the dominant model of knowledge procurement subscribed to in these areas—the significant difference paradigm—is philosophically suspect, methodologically impaired, and statistically broken. Hubbard introduces a more accurate, alternative framework—the significant sameness paradigm—for developing scientific knowledge. The majority of the book comprises a head-to-head comparison of the “significant difference” versus “significant sameness” conceptions of science across philosophical, methodological, and statistical perspectives.
This volume in the series has big objectives: describe the bad science practices now in use in most studies in business-to-business marketing strategy and describe a true paradigm shift to good science practices by replacing the variable-based linear-symmetric null hypothesis testing (NHST) approach in theory construction and testing--with case-based asymmetric models with somewhat precise outcome testing (SPOT). Whether the question refers to success or failure, wise executives ask, how did we get here? What's in store for the next decade? Unfortunately, the majority of scholarly articles examining the causes of success and failure offers scant useful information that is accurate in forecasting success or failure strategy outcomes. The majority of studies on strategy performance outcomes focus on variable relationships and testing for the directionality (positive or negative relationships) and effect size of relationships--using multiple regression analysis and structural equation modeling (MRA/SEM) using null hypothesis statistical testing (NHST). Research on the value of NHST indicates that such studies are worse than useless: such research does not focus on case-based outcomes and achieving a statistically significant relationship greatly depends on the sample size of firms in the studies. Researchers using NHST are answering the wrong questions in examining the net effects of independent variables on dependent variable of interest (e.g., net earnings per revenue). Here are the right questions to ask. What configurations of antecedent conditions combine to generate positive outcomes for our firm and similar firms? What configurations of antecedent conditions combine to generate negative outcomes for firms in our industry? Sound reasoning and empirical evidence supports the wisdom of business executives ignoring the scholarly empirical literature on forecasting successful and unsuccessful management strategies using the NHST of the size and directionality of relationships. Good science practice relies on the complexity theory tenets covered in the chapters in this volume. Good science practice includes matching case-focused theory with case-focused data analytic tools and using somewhat precise outcome tests (SPOT) of asymmetric models. Good science practice achieves requisite variety necessary for deep explanation, description, and accurate prediction. The fear of submission rejection is another reason for rejecting case-based asymmetric modeling and SPOT. Overcome such fear by learning to apply complexity theory tenets, constructing separate case-based, mid-range, models of successful versus unsuccessful outcomes, and testing for accuracy via SPOT. This volume provides tools necessary for you to accomplish this task.
The second edition of this best-selling Handbook presents a fully updated and expanded overview of research, providing the latest perspectives on the analysis of theories, techniques, and methods used by industrial, work, and organizational psychologists. Building on the strengths of the first edition, key additions to this edition include in-depth historical chapter overviews of professional contexts across the globe, along with new chapters on strategic human resource management; corporate social responsibility; diversity, stress, emotions and mindfulness in the workplace; environmental sustainability at work; aging workforces, among many others. Providing a truly global approach and authoritative overview, this three-volume Handbook is an indispensable resource and essential reading for professionals, researchers and students in the field. Volume One: Personnel Psychology and Employee Performance Volume Two: Organizational Psychology Volume Three: Managerial Psychology and Organizational Approaches
In jüngerer Zeit ist eine Zunahme der medialen Berichterstattung über Skandale zu beobachten. Die begleitenden zahlreichen, teilweise aufgeheizten Debatten um die Art und Weise der medialen Skandalberichterstattung – erinnert sei etwa an die Fälle Strauss-Kahn, Wulff, Kachelmann oder Hoeneß – haben gezeigt, dass Skandale ein gesellschaftlich virulentes, jedoch nicht einfach zu greifendes Phänomen darstellen. Skandalberichterstattung kann sich einerseits als gesellschaftlich hochrelevant erweisen, als mit ihr auf Missstände, Werte- oder Normverletzungen aufmerksam gemacht und Diskurse über grundlegende Werte und Normen in Gang gesetzt werden können. Andererseits kann eine Häufung von Skandalberichten sowie eine Zuspitzung und Personalisierung in der journalistischen Aufbereitung von Skandalen gleichfalls zu unerwünschten Auswirkungen auf Einzelpersonen (wie zum Beispiel nicht gerechtfertigte Reputationsschäden) und möglicherweise auch zu negativen gesellschaftlichen Effekten (wie zum Beispiel Vertrauensverluste in die Arbeit von Medien, Politik und anderer gesellschaftliche Teilbereiche) führen. Vor diesem Hintergrund werden im vorliegenden Themenband grundlegende Aspekte der Thematik sowie aktuelle Studien und Sichtaufweisen auf die Thematik aus kommunikationswissenschaftlicher Perspektive vorgestellt. Der Band setzt seinen Schwerpunkt auf die bisher in der Forschung eher wenig beachteten Effekte von Skandalberichterstattung sowie deren Gründe und Genese.

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