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The past fifteen years witnessed the emergence globally of a plethora of legislative measures aimed at countering money laundering. These developments have been inextricably linked with the growing international focus on newly perceived and/or prioritised global security threats such as organised crime and terrorism ' with money laundering counter-measures deemed essential to counter these threats. Taking these developments into account, this book examines in detail the evolution and content of money laundering counter-measures in the European Union. These measures constitute a new paradigm of security governance, achieved through three principal methods: criminalisation, consisting in the emergence of new criminal offences; responsibilisation, consisting in the mobilisation of the private sector to co-operate with the authorities in the fight against money laundering; and the emphasis on the administration of knowledge, through the establishment of new institutions, the financial intelligence units, with extensive powers to administer a wide range of information provided by the private sector. This paradigm may pose significant challenges to fundamental legal principles and to well-established social structures and the book attempts to address this balance. This up-to-date analysis includes the provisions of the new EU money laundering Directive which was formally adopted in December 2001.
A ground-breaking report that throws new light on the shadowy mechanisms and patterns of bribery in public procurement, and offers insider expertise that governments and international organisations can use to improve their anti-corruption policies.
Phishing and Counter-Measures discusses how and why phishing is a threat, and presents effective countermeasures. Showing you how phishing attacks have been mounting over the years, how to detect and prevent current as well as future attacks, this text focuses on corporations who supply the resources used by attackers. The authors subsequently deliberate on what action the government can take to respond to this situation and compare adequate versus inadequate countermeasures.
Examines selection criteria and guidelines for the design and construction of countermeasures to protect bridge abutments and approach embankments from scour damage. The report explores two common forms of bridge abutments--wing-wall (vertical face with angled walls into the bank) and spill-through (angled face).
TRB¿s National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) Report 622: Effectiveness of Behavioral Highway Safety Countermeasures explores a framework and guidance for estimating the costs and benefits of emerging, experimental, untried, or unproven behavioral highway safety countermeasures.
This book explores the contentious topic of how collective and community issues should be protected and enforced in international law. Elena Katselli Proukaki takes a detailed look at the issue of third-State countermeasures, and considers the work the International Law Commission has done in this area. The volume addresses both the theory and practice of third-State countermeasures within international law. Critically reviewing the conclusions of the International Law Commission on the non-existence of a right to third-State countermeasures, it includes consideration of examples of State practice not previously covered in the literature of this topic. In taking a thorough view of the issues involved the author identifies concerns about third-State countermeasures which remain unanswered, and considers the possible legal ramifications arising from a clash between a right to third-State countermeasures and obligations arising from other international norms. The Problem of Enforcement in International Law explores questions evolving around the nature, integrity and effectiveness of international law and the role it is called to play in a contemporary context. This book is of great interest and value not only for specialists in this area of international law, but also human rights, trade and EU lawyers, practitioners, legal advisers, and students.
Provides research on the social and human aspects of information security. Presents the latest trends, issues, and findings in the field.
This updated 2004 Edition of the popular International Electronic Countermeasures Handbook contains new and revised entries for defense electronics systems from all nations, including Russian, Eastern European, and Chinese electronic-warfare, electronic-intelligence-gathering, and guided-weapon systems. Packed with more system technical data, photographs, and operational details than ever, the new edition is a must-have resource for military and industry professionals who are concerned with defense electronics in the modern world. The book also describes known threats, providing details of missiles which can be launched from static and mobile ground-based sites, from ships, or from aircraft. Moreover, it presents comprehensive information on the status, parameters, deployment, and manufacturer of each system. This invaluable handbook includes every important class of military surveillance and electronic intelligence system for ESM (electronic support measures); SIGINT (signals intelligence); COMINT (communications intelligence); and DF (direction finding) systems.
Concludes that although adequate sleep is the only 100 percent effective "countermeasure" for sleepiness, there are other countermeasures to help make driving safer. Several of the key countermeasures include: education of high-risk populations, the general driving public, and other key groups, such as law enforcement personnel, new technologies to detect and warn drowsy drivers, roadway countermeasures such as continuous shoulder rumble strips and other roadway treatments, increased use of rest areas, regulatory and judicial action.
Explores practical selection criteria for bridge-pier scour countermeasures; guidelines and specifications for the design and construction of those countermeasures; and guidelines for their inspection, maintenance, and performance evaluation. Produced along with the report is an interactive version of the countermeasure selection methodology, which defines the proper conditions for the use of each specific countermeasure, and a reference document that contains detailed laboratory testing results and translations of three German "Code of Practice" documents.
Surveillance Countermeasures By: Aden C. Magee In today’s prolific hostile threat environment, surveillance countermeasures expertise is a necessary component of security knowledge. The wide range of increasingly unconstrained threats to the personal privacy and security of average citizens include common criminals and stalkers, private and corporate investigators, government-sponsored espionage and other covert agencies, and international crime and terrorist organizations. In virtually all cases, the elements that threaten individual, corporate, or national security conduct surveillance operations to further their objectives, or as the primary means to an end Surveillance countermeasures are actions taken by an individual or security detail to identify the presence of surveillance and, if necessary, to elude or evade the individual or group conducting the surveillance. Understanding how the surveillance threat thinks and reacts is the basis of effective surveillance countermeasures. This manual details surveillance countermeasures concepts, techniques, and procedures that are proven effective against the spectrum of surveillance capabilities ranging from the very basic to the world’s most sophisticated. This manual now supersedes the previous industry standards as the authoritative resource on surveillance countermeasures principles, procedures, and practices. This manual is a compilation of the most relevant details from two of the all-time classics and best-sellers in the genre – Surveillance Countermeasures and Countering Hostile Surveillance. It also draws precise threat/surveillance perspective from another of the all-time greats – Secrets of Surveillance. The fact that this manual consolidates the knowledge derived from these three unparalleled classics demonstrates that this manual now represents the full-spectrum amalgam of surveillance countermeasures methodologies ranging from the foundational baseline of tactics and techniques to the most advanced concepts and procedures. This revised instant classic for the genre also includes many additional details and special-interest topics to form an informational/educational resource like no other. Written by one of the rare breed who has actually stalked the streets and stood in the shadows, this manual presents surveillance countermeasures tradecraft from the theoretical to the practical levels in terms of the “art” and “science.” The execution of techniques as components of methodical procedures to effectively manipulate and exploit a hostile surveillance effort is representative of a security professional or security-conscious individual operating at the master’s level of surveillance countermeasures tradecraft. The information and instruction in this manual begins with the basics and then takes the practitioner to that level execution.
The use of third-party countermeasures is an increasingly common phenomenon in international relations, yet their legal position remains uncertain. Providing the first systematic and comprehensive study of this key concept in international law, Martin Dawidowicz explores the position of third-party countermeasures and their safeguards regime based on the development of ideas on countermeasures in the UN International Law Commission and a thorough examination of state practice. The book clarifies the position of third-party countermeasures in international law, and in doing so challenges some widely held assumptions about the likely impact of a regime of third-party countermeasures on international relations. It will be of interest to international law and relations scholars and students, diplomats, policy makers, international civil servants and non-governmental organisations (NGOs) in the field of human rights.
Rapporten analyserer en række aspekter vedrørende anti-satellit våben i almindelighed og anfører at våbenkontrolforanstaltninger kan bidrage til at mindske risici forbundet med udviklingen af den nyeste våben teknologi.
When properly conducted, risk analysis enlightens, informs, and illuminates, helping management organize their thinking into properly prioritized, cost-effective action. Poor analysis, on the other hand, usually results in vague programs with no clear direction and no metrics for measurement. Although there is plenty of information on risk analysis

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