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Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 76. Chapters: Dano-Swedish War (1658-1660), Dutch-Portuguese War, Eighty Years' War, Franco-Dutch War, Kettle War, Khoikhoi-Dutch Wars, Malayan-Portuguese War, Nine Years' War, Portuguese Restoration War, Scanian War, Three Hundred and Thirty Five Years' War, War of the Julich Succession, War of the Quadruple Alliance, War of the Spanish Succession. Excerpt: The Eighty Years' War, or Dutch War of Independence, (1568-1648), began as a revolt of the Seventeen Provinces against Philip II of Spain, the sovereign of the Habsburg Netherlands. After the initial stages, Philip II deployed his armies and regained control over most of the rebelling provinces. However, under the leadership of the exiled William of Orange, the northern provinces continued their resistance and managed to oust the Habsburg armies, and established the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands. The subsequent war continued, although the heartland of the republic was no longer threatened. The war ended in 1648 with the Peace of Munster, when the Dutch Republic was recognised as an independent country. In the decades leading to the war, the Dutch had become increasingly discontented with Habsburg rule. A major cause of Dutch discontent was the heavy level of taxation the population was required to pay, while support and guidance from the government was hampered by the size of the empire. At that time the Seventeen Provinces were known in the Habsburg empire as De landen van herwaarts over, and in French Les pays de par deca ("those lands around there"). In practice this meant that the Dutch provinces were being continually criticized for acting without permission from the throne, while the latter was not practical since any request for permission sent to the throne would take at least four weeks for a response to return. This unrest was further amplified...