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In all the history of China, only two women ever conquered and held the heights of power. Both enjoyed long reigns characterized by ruthless intrigue; they maintained an iron grip at the center while the vast country was torn by rebellions and caught up i.
From the bestselling author of Wild Swans, comes the extraordinary story of the woman who brought China into the modern age. In this groundbreaking biography, Jung Chang vividly describes how Empress Dowager Cixi – the most important woman in Chinese history – brought a medieval empire into the modern age. Under her, the ancient country attained virtually all the attributes of a modern state and it was she who abolished gruesome punishments like ‘death by a thousand cuts’ and put an end to foot-binding. Jung Chang comprehensively overturns the conventional view of Cixi as a diehard conservative and cruel despot and also takes the reader into the depths of her splendid Summer Palace and the harem of Beijing’s Forbidden City, where she lived surrounded by eunuchs – with one of whom she fell in love, with tragic consequences. Packed with drama, fast-paced and gripping, it is both a panoramic depiction of the birth of modern China and an intimate portrait of a woman: as the concubine to a monarch, as the absolute ruler of a third of the world’s population, and as a unique stateswoman. ‘Powerful’ Simon Sebag Montefiore ‘Truly authoritative’ New York Times ‘Wonderful’ Sunday Times Shortlisted for the James Tait Black Biography Prize
Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 30. Chapters: Empress Dowager Cixi, Empress Dowager Ci'an, Wan Rong, Empress Xiao Jing Cheng, Ulanara, the Step Empress, Empress Xiao Xian Chun, Fuca, Empress Xian Chun, Empress Dowager Longyu, Empress Xiao-Zhe, Empress Dowager Xiaozhuang, Niuhuru, Empress Quan Cheng, Weijiya, Empress Yi Chun, Niuhuru, Empress He Rui, Tunggiya, Empress Kang Zhang, Uya, Empress Gong Ren, Niuhuru, Empress Sheng Xian, Hitara, Empress Shu Rui, Lady Abahai, Donggo, Empress Xian Rui, Borjigit, Empress Duan Wen, Tunggiya, Empress Yi Ren, Ulanara, Empress Jing Xian, Heseri, Empress Cheng Ren, Tunggiya, Empress Shen Cheng, Borjigit, Empress Hui Zhang, Niuhuru, Empress Mu Cheng, Empress Xiao De, Niuhuru, Empress Zhao Ren, Empress Xiao Ci, Borjigit, Demoted Empress. Excerpt: Empress Dowager Cixi (Chinese: pinyin: C x T ih u; Wade-Giles: Tz'u-Hsi T'ai-hou) (29 November 1835 - 15 November 1908), of the Manchu Yehe Nara Clan, was a powerful and charismatic figure who became the de facto ruler of the Manchu Qing Dynasty in China for 47 years from 1861 to her death in 1908. Selected by the Xianfeng Emperor as a concubine in her adolescence, she climbed the ranks of Xianfeng's harem and gave birth to a son who became the Tongzhi Emperor upon Xianfeng's death. Cixi ousted a group of regents appointed by the late emperor and assumed regency over her young son with the Empress Dowager Ci'an. Cixi then consolidated control and established near-absolute rule over the dynasty. She installed her nephew as the Guangxu Emperor in 1875. A conservative ruler who refused to adopt Western models of government, Cixi rejected reformist views on government and placed Guangxu under house arrest in later years for supporting reformers. However, she supported technological and military modernization of China's armies. After Ronglu sabotaged the Chinese army during the Boxer Rebe...
The Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) was the last and arguably the greatest of the conquest dynasties to rule China. Its rulers, Manchus from the north, held power for three centuries despite major cultural and ideological differences with the Han majority. In this book, Evelyn Rawski offers a bold new interpretation of the remarkable success of this dynasty, arguing that it derived not from the assimilation of the dominant Chinese culture, as has previously been believed, but rather from an artful synthesis of Manchu leadership styles with Han Chinese policies.
Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 119. Chapters: Puyi, Lao She, Xianfeng Emperor, Empress Dowager Cixi, List of Manchu clans in alphabetical order, Lang Lang, Guangxu Emperor, Hong Taiji, Oboi, Kara Hui, Nurhaci, Empress Dowager Ci'an, Elvis Tsui, John Fugh, Daoguang Emperor, Pujie, Qigong, Booi Aha, Yoshiko Kawashima, Wan Rong, Sheng Shicai, Wu Kung-i, Wu Ch'uan-yu, Wu Chien-ch'uan, Empress Xiao Jing Cheng, Doze Niu, Rosamund Kwan, Tongzhi Emperor, Wu Ta-k'uei, Empress Xiao Xian Chun, Fuca, Empress Xian Chun, Hu Jun, Kathy Chow, Empress Dowager Longyu, Wu Kung-tsao, Niuhuru, Empress Quan Cheng, Yuyan, Ma Yueh-liang, Tale of the Nisan Shaman, Aisin Gioro Yuhuan, Nara, Wang Shuo, Wu Ying-hua, Xi Qia, Sarhuda, Weijiya, Empress Yi Chun, Alex Hua Tian, Shi Mei Lin, Brigitte Kwan, Wu Jing, Anti-Qing sentiment, Na Ying, He Ping, Jin Youzhi, Yinreng, Huisheng, Wu Ta-ch'i, Wu Yen-hsia, Jirhangga, Wu Ta-hsin, Yinsi, Prince Lian, Niuhuru, Empress He Rui, Huanren Manchu Autonomous County, Tunggiya, Empress Kang Zhang, Yinxiang, 1st Prince Yi, Yinti, Prince Xun, Yinli, Prince Guo, Tan Yuling, Jin Yuzhang, Youlan, 2nd Princess Chun, Uya, Empress Gong Ren, Mukden Palace, Hongzhou, Prince He, Niuhuru, Empress Sheng Xian, Yongqi, Prince Rong, Manchu people in Taiwan, Hitara, Empress Shu Rui, Lady Abahai, Wu Kuang-yu, Donggo, Empress Xian Rui, Ma Jiang Bao, Hooge, Prince Su, Imperial Noble Consort Chun Hui, Borjigit, Empress Duan Wen, Tunggiya, Empress Yi Ren, Consort Dun, Ulanara, Empress Jing Xian, King Pu-tsung, Heseri, Empress Cheng Ren, John Kuan, Tong Daning, Tunggiya, Empress Shen Cheng, Borjigit, Empress Hui Zhang, Niuhuru, Empress Mu Cheng, Giocangga, M ngke Tem r, Guanwen, Massacre of Manchus during 1911 Chinese revolution, Imperial Noble Consort Zhuang Shun, Luo Changpei, Empress Xiao De, Seven Grievances, Mingsioi, Ertai, Niuhuru, Empress Zhao Ren, Mujangga, Longkodo, ...

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