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By using a creative approach that focuses on a single extended family as a case example to illustrate each chapter's key point, the authors elucidate ethical issues arising in the genetics clinic and laboratory surrounding many timely issues.
Analyzes the social-psychological and ethical implications of invasive prenatal testing through interviews with genetic counselors and those who have been tested. Incorporates the most recent testing information in the new, updated afterword.
"The practice of prenatal diagnosis involves a complex relationship between technology and individuals, partly because of the seriousness of the choices that may have to be made because of the technology's use. This relationship provides the context for the studies in the next three volumes examining prenatal diagnostic technologies. This volume outlines the development of prenatal diagnosis in Canada and what is known about its risks and long-term effects. It goes on to provide some data relevant to the demographics of women in Canada using prenatal diagnosis and then explores in depth the views of some of these women."--Introduction.
This research report covers the ethical issues of prenatal diagnosis for predictive testing for genetic disorders of late onset; the psychosocial aspects of prenatal testing for Huntington disease; screening for genetic susceptibilities to common diseases; screening for gender and the prospective uses of sex selection; attitudes of genetic counsellors relating to prenatal diagnosis of sex for non-medical reasons; preimplantation diagnosis; and current status for and prospects of somatic and germ line gene therapy. The report also includes a bibliography on preferences for the sex of one's children, and attitudes concerning sex preselection.
Animal Biotechnology: Models in Discovery and Translation, Second Edition, provides a helpful guide to anyone seeking a thorough review of animal biotechnology and its application to human disease and welfare. This updated edition covers vital fundamentals, including animal cell cultures, genome sequencing analysis, epigenetics and animal models, gene expression, and ethics and safety concerns, along with in-depth examples of implications for human health and prospects for the future. New chapters cover animal biotechnology as applied to various disease types and research areas, including in vitro fertilization, human embryonic stem cell research, biosensors, enteric diseases, biopharming, organ transplantation, tuberculosis, neurodegenerative disorders, and more. Highlights the latest biomedical applications of genetically modified and cloned animals, with a focus on cancer and infectious diseases Offers first-hand accounts of the use of biotechnology tools, including molecular markers, stem cells, animal cultures, tissue engineering, ADME and CAM Assay Includes case studies that illustrate safety assessment issues, ethical considerations, and intellectual property rights associated with the translation of animal biotechnology studies
With an increased capacity to analyze fetal cells in the laboratory and the present possibility of monitoring human embryonic development using advanced diagnostic technique, prenatal diagnosis (PND) has become widely diffused in medical practice. The Fetus as Medical Patient emphasizes, however, that PND results are not unambiguous: they may either lead to a continuation of the pregnancy, or to an abortion. Cioffi engages the reader in a comprehensive examination of the state of the question regarding diagnosis and possible treatment of human illness in utero. The book deals with biomedical consideration in prenatal human life, presents a survey of the literature of ten North American Catholic theologians who have written on the topic of moral dilemmas in PND over the past twenty years, and critically analyzes the writings of these ten authors.
Bibliography of works which discuss the ethical aspects of: physician patient relationship, health care, contraception, abortion, population, reproductive technologies, genetic intervention, mental health therapies, human experimentation, artificial and transplated organs are tissues, death and dying, and international dimensions of biology and medicine.
This book evolved out of a conference which was held because of our conviction that prenatal screening and diagnostic techniques provide carers with a two-edged sword which can do both good and harm - often at the same time to the same person. The conference ('The Human Side of Prenatal Diagnosis') dealt with emotional, ethical and legal issues in prenatal screening and diagnosis. It took place in March 1992 at the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology in London and was attended by obstetricians, paediatricians, geneticists, midwives and ultrasonographers from the North West Thames Health Region. The demand for places at the conference far exceeded the number of places avail able and many people who attended expressed the hope that we would be organizing similar conferences in the future. This confirmed our belief that we were not the only ones preoccupied with the human issues raised by the new technologies and encouraged us to work towards this publication. Prenatal diagnosis and the possibility of selective termination of affected pregnancies is part of a wider move towards repro ductive choice. Like contraception and assisted conception, it can make a major difference to the lives of some people. In our culture, we tend to view choice as a good thing. We look upon it as our right to choose our occupation, our partner, the place where we live, the books that we read and the way that we vote.
"The four studies that comprise this volume are, ostensibly, about legal issues arising from the existence and use of new reproductive technologies. At their base, however, they are about something much more fundamental - how we define the rights and responsibilities attached to the concepts of motherhood, fatherhood, and families, and what role we see the state as having in their regulation."--
The Bishop Bekkers Foundation, devoted to the welfare of those with mental handicap and to the amelioration and prevention of this and related disabilities, is to be warmly congratulated for sponsoring and organizing the 1986 Inter national Workshop from which the present book is derived. With commendable foresight, the Foundation recognized that genetic aspects of mental handicap were a timely focus for the Workshop and that dramatic biomedical developments and prospects in this sphere have highly significant psychosocial and ethical ramifications. The papers of the 23 contributors in each of these areas, together with an introductory essay and discussion summaries, comprise this volume. Much of the subject matter is inevitably concerned with such sensitive issues as sanctity and quality of life and the - sometimes contrasting and even in conflict - rights and needs of the actually and potentially handicapped, their relatives and society in general. Such considerations, not surprisingly, engender different approaches and viewpoints. The papers in this book reflect this, with the editing attempting to achieve, as far as possible, a coherent and consistent format and not an identical outlook. The perceptions and views expressed in each paper are there fore those of the author concerned and not necessarily those of the editors or of the Bishop Bekkers Foundation.
Ethical Dilemmas in Allied Health is a textbook that presents the theories and principles of ethical behavior as they arise in the context of concrete moral dilemmas in health care settings. Using case studies that draw learners into a real-life contemporary dilemma, the author clearly assists the allied health student in understanding the various viewpoints that come to bear on the situation as well as ethical principles that the student can refer to in making decisions about the case. By drawing on both the rich literature in the ethics field from all major religious and medical groups as well as her extensive experience with ethics committees in a wide range of health care organizations, the author has written a book that is current, practical, readable and has the ability to engage the reader.

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