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This wide-ranging volume explores the impact of globalization upon citizenship, with a special focus on the transnational challenges that globalization poses. While there is much debate over the concept, globalization implies at least two distinct phenomena. First, it suggests that political, economic and social activities are becoming increasingly inter-regional or intercontinental in scope. Secondly, it suggests that there has been an intensification of levels of interaction and interconnectedness between states and societies. Citizenship, as one of the foundational concepts of the modern liberal democratic states, provides the normative framework within which globalization debates may be understood and evaluated. It also examines how different concepts, theories and practices of citizenship are evolving in response to globalization. Central questions explored in this text are: • How does globalization challenge traditional conceptions of citizenship in specific respects? • How is globalization creating new citizenships or new civil society spaces? • How is transnational citizenship developing and what problems are associated with it in specific areas? Discussing the theoretical and practical prospects for new forms of liberal, republican and cosmopolitan citizenship, Globalisation and Citizenship will appeal to students and scholars in the fields of international relations, globalization, sociology and political science.
Critical Rationalism and Globalization addresses how the access to critical reason enables people to shape a new social order on a global scale. This book demonstrates how the philosophy of critical rationalism contributes to the sociology of Globalization, through uncovering the role of critical reason in arriving at an agreement on common values and institutions on a global scale. It discusses how value consensus on the institutions of sovereignty and inter–state law has prepared the ground for the rise of a global system of national societies after the end of World War II. Masoud Alamuti argues that uneven openness of national economies to global trade and investment should be comprehended in the framework of the post–war legal and political context. Using the concept of rationality as openness to criticism, the book proposes a normative theory of open global society in order to show that the existing value consensus on the cult of sovereignty suffers from the recognition of the possibility of rational dialogue among competing ways of the good life. Masoud Alamuti argues that once the people of the world, across national communities, open their fundamental ways of the good life to mutual criticism, they can create common global values necessary for the rise of a just social order on a global scale. This book will be of interest to students and scholars of Globalization Studies, Global Sociology and International Relations.
Are human beings by nature good, evil, or are we born as a blank slate? How does the philosophy of human nature impact social and political development? This is a classical philosophical question explored by the early Greek philosophers Plato and Aristotle and continues to be a relevant question of today. Essays on Ethics, Governance, and Economy also explores the philosophical debate on morality, efficient forms of governance, our modern day liberal democracy and its view on human nature, and the debate between the free-market and command economies. This book is made accessible to college students studying philosophy, politics, psychology, economics, sociology, and for anyone interested in these philosophical topics.
Thirty years ago, English jurist Patrick Devlin wrote: "Is it not a pleasant tribute to the medical profession that by and large it has been able to manage its relations with its patients ... without the aid of lawyers and law makers". Medical interventions at the beginnings and the endings of life have rendered that assessment dated if not defeated. This book picks up some of the most important of those developments and reflects on the legal and social consequences of this metamorphosis over the past ten years, and will be of interest to students of law, sociology and ethics who want a considered and critical introduction to, and reflection on, key issues in these pivotal moments of human life.
In his new introduction to this current edition of this classic in the field originally published in 1982, Hoppe (economics, U. of Nevada, Las Vegas--as was the late author) extols Rothbard's marriage of the "value-free" science of economics with the normative enterprise of ethics and their offspring: libertarianism. Discussion areas are: natural law, a theory of liberty, the state vs. liberty, modern alternative theories of liberty, and toward a theory of strategy for liberty.
This book examines in detail the principles underpinning professional liability both at common law (tort and contract) and by reason of statute (Trade Practices Act and Fair Trading Acts) in the context of property professionals. It includes comprehensive coverage of the Civil Liability Acts. The early chapters deal with the sources of professional liability. They include an analysis of remedies for breach of professional obligations generally and of procedural issues, such as limitation of actions, expert evidence, apportionment and contributory negligence in the setting of professional liability. The heart of the book is original and accessible material on the measure of damages as it relates to the liability of the various professionals who become involved in property transactions. There are further chapters on the liability of lenders and local authorities as organisations commonly involved. It is an essential reference for any barrister, solicitor or other professional directly or indirectly involved in litigation in this area, as well as property lawyers. With a Foreword by The Hon Justice Ian Callinan. For more detailed information about the book's purpose and structure, please read the extract from the Preface, below.
WALTER A. ROSENBLITH Footnotes to the Recent History of Neuroscience: Personal Reflections and Microstories The workshop upon which this volume is based offered me an opportunity to renew contact fairly painlessly with workers in the brain sciences, not just as a participant/observer but maybe as what might be called a teller of microstories. I had originally become curious about the brain by way of my wife's senior thesis, in which she attempted to relate electroencephalography to certain aspects of human behavior. As a then-budding physicist and communications engineer, I had barely heard about brain waves, nor had I studied physiology in a systematic way. My work on noise dealt with the effects of certain acoustical stimuli on biological structures and entire organisms. This was the period immediately after World War II when many scientists and engineers who had done applied work in the war effort were trying to find their way among the challenging new fields that were opening up. Francis Crick, among others, has described such a search taking place in the cafes of the "other" Cambridge, the one on the Cam. At that time the brain sciences, in his opinion, offered much less promise than molecular biology. However, he was sufficiently attracted by what they might eventually have to offer to keep an eye on them, and several decades later his work turned toward the brain.

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