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Provides engineers with an in-depth look at the key concepts in the field. It incorporates new discussions on emerging areas of heat transfer, discussing technologies that are related to nanotechnology, biomedical engineering and alternative energy.
Completely updated, the seventh edition provides engineers with an in-depth look at the key concepts in the field. It incorporates new discussions on emerging areas of heat transfer, discussing technologies that are related to nanotechnology, biomedical engineering and alternative energy. The example problems are also updated to better show how to apply the material. And as engineers follow the rigorous and systematic problem-solving methodology, they'll gain an appreciation for the richness and beauty of the discipline.
Intended for readers who have taken a basic heat transfer course and have a basic knowledge of thermodynamics, heat transfer, fluid mechanics, and differential equations, Convective Heat Transfer, Third Edition provides an overview of phenomenological convective heat transfer. This book combines applications of engineering with the basic concepts o
Convective Heat Transfer presents an effective approach to teaching convective heat transfer. The authors systematically develop the topics and present them from basic principles. They emphasize physical insight, problem-solving, and the derivation of basic equations. To help students master the subject matter, they discuss the implementations of the basic equations and the workings of examples in detail. The material also includes carefully prepared problems at the end of each chapter. In this Second Edition, topics have been carefully chosen and the entire book has been reorganized for the best presentation of the subject matter. New property tables are included, and the authors dedicate an entire chapter to empirical correlations for a wide range of applications of single-phase convection. The book is excellent for helping students quickly develop a solid understanding of convective heat transfer.
This special topics volume "Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer in Applied Engineering" contains some recent results in the area of computational research on the mixed and forced convection heat transfer from the confined obstacle cylinder and fluid flow for film cooling. We hope that the presented modest effort and results will be useful for different fields of engineering applications as well as academic researches.
This extensively revised 4th edition provides an up-to-date, comprehensive single source of information on the important subjects in engineering radiative heat transfer. It presents the subject in a progressive manner that is excellent for classroom use or self-study, and also provides an annotated reference to literature and research in the field. The foundations and methods for treating radiative heat transfer are developed in detail, and the methods are demonstrated and clarified by solving example problems. The examples are especially helpful for self-study. The treatment of spectral band properties of gases has been made current and the methods are described in detail and illustrated with examples. The combination of radiation with conduction and/or convection has been given more emphasis nad has been merged with results for radiation alone that serve as a limiting case; this increases practicality for energy transfer in translucent solids and fluids. A comprehensive catalog of configuration factors on the CD that is included with each book provides over 290 factors in algebraic or graphical form. Homework problems with answers are given in each chapter, and a detailed and carefully worked solution manual is available for instructors.
Increasing awareness of energy use-and waste-places additional onus on building managers, operators, and engineers, already bearing considerable responsibility for operating cost containment. Fortunately, research, technological developments, and practical experience provide a number of procedures and techniques that can make a significant impact on a building's energy use and expense. Energy Audit of Building Systems offers a systematic, engineering approach to a wide range of measures and opportunities for saving energy and reducing operating costs in both residential and commercial buildings. The author first provides general tools and procedures for performing building energy audits, including economic analysis, utility rate structures, and building energy simulation. His focus then turns to various subsystems, exploring the techniques and technologies that can reduce energy use or operating costs. Each chapter includes simplified calculation methods used to evaluate the effectiveness of various efficiency measures. Other books on energy efficiency and management are either out of date or offer only qualitative descriptions of energy conservation measures. Energy Audit of Building Systems incorporates the latest energy efficiency technologies, precise calculation procedures, and virtual step-by-step guidelines on evaluating, analyzing, and improving upon energy efficiency in buildings.
Most of the shaping in the manufacture of polymeric objects is carried out in the melt state, as it is a substantial part of the physical property development. Melt processing involves an interplay between fluid mechanics and heat transfer in rheologically complex liquids, and taken as a whole it is a nice example of the importance of coupled transport processes. This book is on the underlying foundations of polymer melt processing, which can be derived from relatively straightforward ideas in fluid mechanics and heat transfer; the level is that of an advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate course, and the material can serve as the text for a course in polymer processing or for a second course in transport processes.
The special issue on “Advances in Nonlinear Heat Transfer in Fluids and Solids” of the journal “Diffusion Foundations” present a number of novel computational modelling of various nonlinear heat transfer in solids and fluid flow problems. Reported articles in this special issue cover solids thermal stability, reactive fluid flow, nanofluids dynamics, magnetohydrodynamics, Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluid flow, natural convection, forced convection, mixed convection, porous media flow and thermal radiation absorption effects. We hope that this special issue will inspire and benefit eclectic audience of academics, researchers and engineers from numerous fields of human endeavours.
A unique approach to the study of geothermal energy systems This book takes a unique, holistic approach to the interdisciplinary study of geothermal energy systems, combining low, medium, and high temperature applications into a logical order. The emphasis is on the concept that all geothermal projects contain common elements of a "thermal energy reservoir" that must be properly designed and managed. The book is organized into four sections that examine geothermal systems: energy utilization from resource and site characterization; energy harnessing; energy conversion (heat pumps, direct uses, and heat engines); and energy distribution and uses. Examples are provided to highlight fundamental concepts, in addition to more complex system design and simulation. Key features: Companion website containing software tools for application of fundamental principles and solutions to real-world problems. Balance of theory, fundamental principles, and practical application. Interdisciplinary treatment of the subject matter. Geothermal Heat Pump & Heat Engine Systems: Theory and Practice is a unique textbook for Energy Engineering and Mechanical Engineering students as well as practicing engineers who are involved with low-enthalpy geothermal energy systems.
Proceedings of the symposium held in Bal Harbour, Florida, December 1987. Rising energy prices have been encouraging work on the use of thermal insulation to conserve energy. Here, more than 50 papers discuss new materials, assessments and properties of foams, loose-fill behavior, system performance
This title is directed primarily towards health care professionals outside of the United States. It is written specifically to meet the needs of nursing students undertaking the common foundation programme. It aims to explain how and why sensitive, holistic and evidence-based nursing care is carried out. Therefore it is relevant to students who will enter all branches of nursing and includes material that is both common to all and specific to each branch. The book aims to provide all students on foundation nursing and health care programmes with material of sufficient depth/breadth to achieve the NMC outcomes required for entry into the branch programmes. There is an emphasis not only on the theory that underpins nursing practice in the common foundation programme but also on nursing skills which form an increasingly emphasized part of the programme. The chapters have been reviewed by experts from each branch and also clinical skills to ensure the content reflects each branch accurately and appropriately. Emphasis on clinical skills & lifelong learning Realistic scenarios reinforce the need for patient/client-centred care with a holistic approach Activity boxes for all branches and age groups in each chapter ensure relevance to nurses in diverse settings An integrated approach to health promotion with activity boxes emphasises that health maintenance and promotion are central to contemporary nursing practice Reflection, critical thinking and research/appraisal skills are encouraged with a problem centred approach that will help to develop the skills needed to provide sensitive and effective, high quality care and to integrate theory with practice The emphasis on nursing/clinical skills underlines the importance of core skills - an integral part of the patient/client experience Cultural diversity is a core theme throughout The importance of evidence-based practice is highlighted and the text helps readers are assisted to acquire the skills to provide evidence-based care A wide range of general and branch-specific interactive boxes help to develop an understanding of some issues in other branches as well as the core issues that affect all nurses. Self- test questions and answers provide an opportunity for readers to take responsibility for and check their learning. Valuable learning tools are included: glossary of key terms, useful websites and references
The traditional approach to teaching mechanical engineering has been to cover either mechanics or thermofluid mechanics. In response to the growing trend toward more general modules, Foundations of Mechanical Engineering provides a unified approach to teaching the basic mechanical engineering topics of mechanics, the mechanics of solids, and thermofluid mechanics. Each chapter provides a systematic approach to the subject matter and begins with a list of aims and concludes with a summary of the key equations introduced in that chapter. Copious worked examples illustrate the correct approach to problem solving, and outline solutions for all of the end-of-chapter problems let students check their own work. The authors have judiciously minimized the mathematical content and where necessary, introduce the fundamentals through diagrams and graphical representations. With complete basic coverage of both statics and dynamics, the mechanics of solids, fluid flow, and heat transfer, Foundations of Mechanical Engineering forms and ideal text for first-year mechanical engineering students.
This reference includes an applications focus on jet and rocket propulsion systems that will be useful for students and engineers.
Seasonal variation of ground temperature is insignificant below a shallow depth, usually couple of meters, from the ground surface and thus pile foundations are good candidates for harvesting geothermal energy through heat exchange with ground. Such piles are commonly known as geothermal piles, heat exchanger piles or energy piles. The great potential of environmental, social and economic benefits of utilizing shallow geothermal energy has made the use of geothermal piles quite popular in different parts of the world. The aim of this study is to assess and quantify the potential of heat exchange through geothermal piles with a view to promote efficient design of pile-anchored geothermal energy harvesting systems. Research objective is achieved through development of numerical models that employ finite difference solution scheme and simulate pile-soil heat exchange with different levels of accuracy. Developed models are validated through comparison of model predictions using available analytical solutions under idealized conditions, field test data reported in literature and data recorded during thermomechanical tests on model geothermal pile installed in dry and saturated sand.An annular cylinder heat source model, which simulates heat transport by the fluid circulating through tubes embedded in heat exchanger piles, is developed as a first modeling attempt. Results obtained from analyses using this model demonstrate that the use of a constant heat flux along the entire length of a heat exchanger pile may significantly misinterpret thermal response of the pile-soil system. The annular cylinder model considers one limb of the embedded heat exchanger element (i.e., circulation tube) and thus, can provide only approximate solution for real-life scenarios. Simultaneous heat transfer from both branches of an embedded U-shaped circulation tube is modeled next. Finite difference analysis (FDA) results are used to develop closed-form equations that can be used in calculation of power output from geothermal piles with a single U-shaped circulation tube. Parameter sensitivity study and advanced first order second moment (AFOSM) reliability analysis are performed to determine the hierarchy of different input variables in order of their relative impacts on heat transfer performance.The first two generations of models developed as part of this research consider heat transport (advection) by the circulation fluid and heat conduction in pile and soil surrounding it. While the model considering both branches of U-shaped circulation tube can predict field and laboratory test data with reasonable accuracy, some discrepancies were observed for predictions of heat transfer in saturated soil. Comparison of data recorded during instrumented laboratory tests on model geothermal pile installed in dry and saturated sand also indicated that heat convection through thermally-induced pore fluid flow within a saturated medium may further facilitate heat exchange through geothermal piles. This feature is incorporated in the developed pile-soil heat exchange model by coupling heat energy balance and Navier Stokes equations that considers a Boussinesq buoyancy term. Results indicate that thermal operation of geothermal piles alters pore fluid density, buoyant flow occurs (even under hydrostatic condition) within saturated soil in the vicinity of heat exchanger piles, and thermally induced pore water flow (under saturated condition) facilitates pile-soil heat exchange.

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