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Publisher's description: A magisterial work of social history, Life After Death illuminates the many different ways ancient civilizations grappled with the question of what exactly happens to us after we die. In a masterful exploration of how Western civilizations have defined the afterlife, Alan F. Segal weaves together biblical and literary scholarship, sociology, history, and philosophy. A renowned scholar, Segal examines the maps of the afterlife found in Western religious texts and reveals not only what various cultures believed but how their notions reflected their societies2 realities and ideals, and why those beliefs changed over time. He maintains that the afterlife is the mirror in which a society arranges its concept of the self. The composition process for Judaism, Christianity, and Islam begins in grief and ends in the victory of the self over death. Arguing that in every religious tradition the afterlife represents the ultimate reward for the good, Segal combines historical and anthropological data with insights gleaned from religious and philosophical writings to explain the following mysteries: why the Egyptians insisted on an afterlife in heaven, while the body was embalmed in a tomb on earth; why the Babylonians viewed the dead as living in underground prisons; why the Hebrews remained silent about life after death during the period of the First Temple, yet embraced it in the Second Temple period (534 B.C.E. 670 C.E.); and why Christianity placed the afterlife in the center of its belief system. He discusses the inner dialogues and arguments within Judaism and Christianity, showing the underlying dynamic behind them, as well as the ideas that mark the differences between the two religions. In a thoughtful examination of the influence of biblical views of heaven and martyrdom on Islamic beliefs, he offers a fascinating perspective on the current troubling rise of Islamic fundamentalism. In tracing the organic, historical relationships between sacred texts and communities of belief and comparing the visions of life after death that have emerged throughout history, Segal sheds a bright, revealing light on the intimate connections between notions of the afterlife, the societies that produced them, and the individual's search for the ultimate meaning of life on earth.
"The Pilgrimage of Hadrian's Wall (a tradition going back to 1849) takes place every ten years"--P. [4] of cover.
A second collection of essays by Matt Ridley, this book represents the best of the author's columns in the Sunday Telegraph, Daily Telegraph and others. Ridley challenges the views of the vested interests of environmental lobbyists and politicians. Witty and often humorous, his essays comment on recurring environmental themes and problems.
The authors examine the impact of human activity in the area of Hadrian's Wall, from its Roman inception to the present day. They consider the different elements of the wall's construction and its role in settlement, agriculture and the local economy.
A detailed examination of selected stone buildings from each of the forts associated with Hadrian's Wall, with discussions of their form and construction, architectural details, construction sequence and dimensions. Comparisons are also made with structures from other sites within the Province. Lengthy appendices contain data sheets for primary and secondary forts and catalogues of decorated stonework. Includes numerous plans, reconstruction drawings and photographs.
Hadrian's Wall is Britain's premier and most visited Roman monument, and is now recognised as a World Heritage site. The archaeological remains are the best preserved and most intensely studied of their kind anywhere, and much has been written at academic and popular levels. Until now, however, there has not been a book on the substantial contribution made by aerial photography. The late Professor Jones spent 20 years taking aerial photographs of Hadrian's Wall. Not only do they illustrate the history, development, topography and surviving remains of the Wall (both the military works and the remains of civilian occupation), but they give an entirely new perspective that cannot be appreciated at ground level. In chapters on the Stanegate frontier, the history and development of Hadrian's Wall itself, the outposts and coastal defences, and an appendix detailing the anatomy of a Roman fort, along with a bibliography containing useful websites, the authors show a far more complex and fascinating history than has been traditionally envisaged - illuminated by over 120 superb photographs and maps, many in full colour.
"Hadrian's Wall extended for some 120 kilometers across the Tyne-Solway isthmus, and was built on the orders of the Emperor Hadrian in c. AD 122 to be a permanent, fixed frontier to mark the norther boundary of the Roman province of Britannia. Designated as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, it now forms the basis of a National Trail long-distance footpath." "The Wall was just one component of a complex military zone which also comprised turrets, milecastles, earthworks, roads and supporting forts. Housesteads, Chesters and Birdoswald were three such garrisons: their ruined sides, now in the care of English Heritage, have been transformed into major visitor centres with museums and other educational resources."--BOOK JACKET.

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