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Urban planning has witnessed the profound changes in the methodologies of modelling during the last 50 years. Spatial interaction models have passed from social physics, statistical mechanics to non-spatial and spatial information processing stages of progress that can be designated as paradigm shifts. This thesis traces the Maximum Entropy (MaxEnt) approach in urban planning as pioneered by Wilson (1967,1970) and Spatial Entropy concept by Batty (1974) based on the Information Theory and its developments by Shannon (1948), Jaynes (1957), Kullback (1959) and by Tribus (1962,1969). Information-theoric methods have provided the theoretical foundation for challenging the uncertainty and incomplete information issues concerning the complex urban structure. MaxEnt, as a new logic, gives probabilities maximally noncommittal with regard to missing information. Wilson (1967,1970) has replaced the Newtonian analogy by the entropy concept from statistical mechanics to alleviate the mathematical inconsistency in the gravity model and developed a set of spatial interaction models consistent with the known information. Population density distribution as one of the determinants of the urban structure has been regarded as an exemplar to show the paradigm changes from the analysis of density gradients to the probabilistic description of density distributions by information-theoric methods. Spatial Entropy concept has introduced the spatial dimension to the Information Theory. Thesis applies Spatial Entropy measures to Ankara 1970 and 1990 census data by 34 zones and also obtains Kullback2s Information Gain measures for population changes during the two decades. Empirical findings for Spatial Entropy measures show that overall Ankara-1970 and 1990 density distributions are 12Uneven22 and the uniform distribution hypothesis is not confirmed. These measures also indicate a tendency towards 3More Uniformity4 for density distributions in comparison to 1970. Information Gain measure for.
This second volume of the Handbook presents professional surveys of all the important topics in urban economics. The first section contains 6 surveys on locational analysis, the second, 5 surveys of specific urban markets, and the third part presents 5 surveys of government policy issues. The book brings together exhaustive research by distinguished scholars from many countries. It is the only complete survey volume of urban economics and should serve as a reference volume to scholars and graduate students for many years. For more information on the Handbooks in Economics series, please see our home page on
Analisi: TRASPORTI. In generale. ECONOMETRIA. Econometria applicata.
This Is The First Comprehensive Book About Maximum Entropy Principle And Its Applications To A Diversity Of Fields Like Statistical Mechanics, Thermo-Dynamics, Business, Economics, Insurance, Finance, Contingency Tables, Characterisation Of Probability Distributions (Univariate As Well As Multivariate, Discrete As Well As Continuous), Statistical Inference, Non-Linear Spectral Analysis Of Time Series, Pattern Recognition, Marketing And Elections, Operations Research And Reliability Theory, Image Processing, Computerised Tomography, Biology And Medicine. There Are Over 600 Specially Constructed Exercises And Extensive Historical And Bibliographical Notes At The End Of Each Chapter.The Book Should Be Of Interest To All Applied Mathematicians, Physicists, Statisticians, Economists, Engineers Of All Types, Business Scientists, Life Scientists, Medical Scientists, Radiologists And Operations Researchers Who Are Interested In Applying The Powerful Methodology Based On Maximum Entropy Principle In Their Respective Fields.
Gravity models describe, and hence help predict, spatial flows of commuters, air-travelers, migrants, commodities and even messages. They are one of the oldest and most widely used of all social science models. This book presents an up-to-date, consistent and unified approach to the theory, methods and application of the gravity model - which spans from the axiomatic foundations of such models all the way to practical hints for their use. "I have found no better general method for use in applied research dealing with spatial interaction... It is against this background that the present book by Sen and Smith is most welcomed." Walter Isard
Two areas have fascinated me for a long time. One is the micro economic theory of consumer behavior, the other one the role of space in economic processes. Usually, the two don't go together very well. In more advanced versions of microeconomic consumer theory its economic actor may face uncertainty, have to allocate resources over time, or have to take into ac count the characteristics of products, but rarely deals with space. He/she inhabits a spaceless point economy. Regional Science, on the other hand, describes and analyzes the spatial structure and development of the econ omy, but either ignores individual decision making altogether or treats it in a rather simplistic way. In this book I try to bring together these two areas of interest of mine. I do this by use of the microeconomic concept of search and placing it in an explicit spatial context. The result, in my opinion, is a theoretical concept with fascinating implications, a broad set of potential implications, and numerous interesting research questions. After reading this book, where I layout the basic idea of spatial search, describe its elements, and discuss some of its implications, I hope the reader will share this opinion. There are still plenty of unanswered research questions in this part of economic theory. Hopefully, this book will stimulate more work along these lines.
The 2014 International Conference on Information GIS and Resource Management (ICGRM2014) was held in Guangzhou, China, from January 3 to January 5, 2014. ICGRM2014 aims to bring researchers, engineers, and students to the areas of GIS and Resource Management. ICGRM2014 features unique mixed topics of Computer Science, Earth Science, Surveying and Mapping, and Resources and Environment Science in the context of building healthier ecology and environment. The conference will provide a forum for sharing experiences and original research contributions on those topics. The proceedings of ICGRM2014 tends to collect the up-to-date, comprehensive and worldwide state-of-art knowledge on GIS and resource management. All of accepted papers were subjected to strict peer-reviewing by 2-4 expert referees. The papers have been selected for this proceedings based on originality, significance, and clarity for the purpose of the conference. The selected papers and additional late-breaking contributions to be presented will make an exciting technical program on conference. The conference program is extremely rich, featuring high-impact presentation. We hope this conference will not only provide the participants a broad overview of the latest research results on GIS and resource management, but also provide the participants a significant platform to build academic connections. The Technical Program Committee worked very hard to have all papers reviewed before the review deadline. The final technical program consists of 57 papers which are divided into four sessions. The proceedings were published as a volume in by DEStech publishing Inc
This senior-level textbook on entropy provides a conceptual framework for the study of probabilistic systems with its elucidation of three key concepts - Shannon's information theory, Jaynes' maximum entropy principle and Kullback's minimum cross-entropy principle.
This book was first published in 1983.
First published in 1989. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Builds on classical probability theory and offers an extremely workable solution to the many problems of artificial intelligence, concentrating on the rapidly growing areas of fuzzy reasoning and neural computing. Contains a collection of previously unpublished articles by leading researchers in the field.
The purpose of this extensive annotated bibliography is to assist libraries in the United States, Canada, and other countries to identify, select, and secure publications of value in geography that are appropriate for the purposes and resources of each library collection. More than 2900 entries, published between 1970 and 1984, are arranged by general categories with numerous subdivisions: general aids and sources; history, theory, methodology, and geography; the physical geography; the human geography; applied geography; regional geography; and publications suitable for school libraries. Although publications in other languages have not been excluded, works in English have been emphasized. Basic information provided in each entry includes author, title, place of publication, publisher, publication date, number of pages, identifying numbers, price, Library of Congress card number, and a brief annotation. Where appropriate, translation information including translator and original language are provided. (LH)

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