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The Iranian revolution of 1978–1979 uprooted and globally dispersed an enormous number of Iranians from all walks of life. Bitter political relations between Iran and the West have since caused those immigrants to be stigmatized, marginalized, and politicized, which, in turn, has discredited and distorted Iranian migrants’ social identity; subjected them to various subtle and overt forms of prejudice, discrimination, and social injustice; and pushed them to the edges of their host societies. The Iranian Diaspora presents the first global overview of Iranian migrants’ experiences since the revolution, highlighting the similarities and differences in their experiences of adjustment and integration in North America, Europe, Australia, and the Middle East. Written by leading scholars of the Iranian diaspora, the original essays in this volume seek to understand and describe how Iranians in diaspora (re)define and maintain their ethno-national identity and (re)construct and preserve Iranian culture. They also explore the integration challenges the Iranian immigrants experience in a very negative context of reception. Combining theory and case studies, as well as a variety of methodological strategies and disciplinary perspectives, the essays offer needed insights into some of the most urgent and consequential issues and problem areas of immigration studies, including national, ethnic, and racial identity construction; dual citizenship and dual nationality maintenance; familial and religious transformation; politics of citizenship; integration; ethnic and cultural maintenance in diaspora; and the link between politics and the integration of immigrants, particularly Muslim immigrants.
The book analyzes the dynamics of factionalism among the political elite in the Islamic Republic of Iran and the approaches of the different political factions to economic, socio-cultural, and foreign policy issues from the Islamic Revolution in 1979 until 2008.
"In the first seven sections, I discuss forgery allegations on various silver objects in conjunction with ill-understood metallurgical techniques and erroneous philological assumptions. The remaining sections are then devoted to the reinterpretation of Median, Achaemenid, and Sasanian history, as well as Avestan dilemmas, in light of information derived from these objects and other newly discovered sources. They succinctly bring to light the paradoxical image of "Burning-Water" as a pervasive dualist concept on which all subsequent royal ideologies were built. They also show the substantial impact of Iranian religious conflicts on Abrahamic religions. Finally, the flaws of UNESCO's convention on cultural properties are addressed in the appendix."--Pages 1-2.
Examining the nature of relations between Iran and Palestine, this book investigates the relationship between state and authorities in the Middle East. Analysing the connections of the Iranian revolutionary movements, both the Left and the Islamic camps’ perspectives are scrutinized. To provide a historical background to the post-revolutionary period, the genealogy of pro-Palestinian sentiments before 1979 are traced additionally. Demonstrating the pro-Palestinian stance of post-revolutionary Iran, the study focuses on the causes of roots of the ideological outlook and the interest of the state. Despite a growing body of literature on the Iranian Revolution and its impacts on the region, Iran’s connection with Palestine have been overlooked. This new volume fills the gap in the literature and enables readers to unpack the history of the two states. This unique and comprehensive coverage of Iran and Palestine’s relationship is a key resource for scholars and students interested in international relations, politics, Islamic and Middle East studies.
Early Iranians believed evil had to have a source outside of God, which led to the concept of an entity as powerful and utterly evil as God is potent and good. These two forces, good and evil, which have always vied for superiority, needed helpers in this struggle. According to the Zoroastrians, every entity had to take sides, from the cosmic level to the microcosmic self. One of the results of this battle was that certain humans were thought to side with evil. Who were these allies of that great Evil Spirit? Women were inordinately singled out. Male healers were forbidden to deal with female health disorders because of the fear of the polluting power of feminine blood. Female healers, midwives, and shamans were among those who were accused of collaborating with the Evil Spirit, because they healed women. Men who worked to prepare the dead were also suspected of secret evil. Evil even showed up as animals such as frogs, snakes, and bugs of all sorts, which scuttled to the command of their wicked masters. This first comprehensive study of the concept of evil in early Iran uncovers details of the Iranian struggle against witchcraft, sorcery, and other "evils," beginning with their earliest texts.
Bedingt durch den Zerfall der Sowjetunion und die anschliessende Grundung neuer Nationalstaaten erlebte die Beschaftigung mit Kaukasien in den letzten Jahren in Deutschland, Frankreich, Grossbritannien und den USA nach vielen Jahrzehnten einen kraftigen Aufschwung. Im Mittelpunkt des wissenschaftlichen Interesses standen dabei besonders die Konfliktlagen im Kaukasien der Gegenwart und deren Vorgeschichte. Beinahe zwangslaufig ergab sich daraus eine Konzentration auf die Rolle des Reiches im Norden bei der Genese regionaler Konflikte sowie bei der Herausbildung ethnischer und nationaler Identitaten und bei der Modernisierung des Landes. Bisher wurde dabei jedoch zuwenig berucksichtigt, dass dieselbe Region schon uber sehr viel langere Zeitraume hinweg an der Peripherie der antiken Grossreiche in Kleinasien und dem iranischen Hochland gelegen war. In diesem Raum standen sich in ost-westlicher Richtung der sassanidische Iran und das Romische Reich gegenuber und rangen jahrhundertelang um Hegemonie. Spater galt dies in ahnlicher Weise fur Byzanz und das muslimische Kalifat. Mit der Entstehung des Osmanischen Reiches und dem Aufstieg der Safawiden blieb dieser geographische Raum bis in die Neuzeit hinein durch den politischen Gegensatz zweier Reiche bestimmt, die auch in konfessioneller Hinsicht die Vorherrschaft uber die kaukasischen Regionen anstrebten. Im vorliegenden Band kommen ausgewiesene Spezialisten zu Wort, die sich erfolgreich bemuhen, dieser historischen Sachlage gerecht zu werden.

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