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Learn how to develop your reasoning skills and how to writewell-reasoned proofs Learning to Reason shows you how to use the basic elements ofmathematical language to develop highly sophisticated, logicalreasoning skills. You'll get clear, concise, easy-to-followinstructions on the process of writing proofs, including thenecessary reasoning techniques and syntax for constructingwell-written arguments. Through in-depth coverage of logic, sets,and relations, Learning to Reason offers a meaningful, integratedview of modern mathematics, cuts through confusing terms and ideas,and provides a much-needed bridge to advanced work in mathematicsas well as computer science. Original, inspiring, and designed formaximum comprehension, this remarkable book: * Clearly explains how to write compound sentences in equivalentforms and use them in valid arguments * Presents simple techniques on how to structure your thinking andwriting to form well-reasoned proofs * Reinforces these techniques through a survey of sets--thebuilding blocks of mathematics * Examines the fundamental types of relations, which is "where theaction is" in mathematics * Provides relevant examples and class-tested exercises designed tomaximize the learning experience * Includes a mind-building game/exercise space atwww.wiley.com/products/subject/mathematics/
The new Second Edition incorporates a wealth of exercise sets, allowing students to test themselves and review important topics discussed throughout the text."--Jacket.
This book provides an approachable introduction to mathematical concepts explaining their importance and how they fit into the study of computing. It is written for students who are taking a first unit in 'Computing Mathematics' as part of a Computing Degree or HND. Relating theory to practice helps demonstrate difficult concepts to students. The author therefore concludes most topics with a short discussion of some areas of application to aid comprehension. Self-test questions are included in each chapter to allow the reader to review a topic and check their understanding before progressing. This book provides an approachable introduction to mathematical concepts explaining their importance and how they fit into the study of computing. It is written for students who are taking a first unit in 'Computing Mathematics' as part of a Computing Degree or HND. Relating theory to practice helps demonstrate difficult concepts to students. The author therefore concludes most topics with a short discussion of some areas of application to aid comprehension. Self-test questions are included in each chapter to allow the reader to review a topic and check their understanding before progressing.
This text unites logical and philosophical aspects of set theory in a manner intelligible to mathematicians without training in formal logic and to logicians without a mathematical background. 1961 edition.
Counting belongs to the most elementary and frequent mental activities of human beings. Its results are a basis for coming to a decision in a lot of situations and dimensions of our life. This book presents a novel approach to the advanced and sophisticated case, called intelligent counting, in which the objects of counting are imprecisely, fuzzily specified. Formally, this collapses to counting in fuzzy sets, interval-valued fuzzy sets or I-fuzzy sets (Atanassov's intuitionistic fuzzy sets). The monograph is the first one showing and emphasizing that the presented methods of intelligent counting are human-consistent: are reflections and formalizations of real, human counting procedures performed under imprecision and, possibly, incompleteness of information. Other applications of intelligent counting in various areas of intelligent systems and decision support will be discussed, too. The whole presentation is self-contained, systematic, and equipped with many examples, figures and tables. Computer and information scientists, researchers, engineers and practitioners, applied mathematicians, and postgraduate students interested in information imprecision are the target readers.
This introduction to the philosophy of mathematics focuses on contemporary debates in an important and central area of philosophy. The reader is taken on a fascinating and entertaining journey through some intriguing mathematical and philosophical territory, including such topics as the realism/anti-realism debate in mathematics, mathematical explanation, the limits of mathematics, the significance of mathematical notation, inconsistent mathematics and the applications of mathematics. Each chapter has a number of discussion questions and recommended further reading from both the contemporary literature and older sources. Very little mathematical background is assumed and all of the mathematics encountered is clearly introduced and explained using a wide variety of examples. The book is suitable for an undergraduate course in philosophy of mathematics and, more widely, for anyone interested in philosophy and mathematics.