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Widely regarded as the most captivating, accessible and comprehensive text for undergraduate marine biology courses, Marine Biology examines the subject from a unique global and evolutionary perspective. Written in clear, conversational style, this highly acclaimed volume emphasizes the principles and processes that underlie - and unify - vastly different marine communities.
Written by one of the most highly respected researchers in marine biology, this text is the most current and accessible treatment of all aspects of this interdisciplinary field. Marine Biology aims to heighten students' inherent fascination with the ocean and marine life and describes in an easily understandable manner the biological principles which govern marine biological systems. It introduces the rich diversity of the marine environment by focusing on three major themes: 1) function, the way organisms solve problems and the chemical and physical factors affecting these solutions; 2) biodiversity, an overview of the various life forms in the ocean; and 3) ecology, the interaction of organisms with their environment. Designed for undergraduate courses at the sophomore to senior level, the book is designed to help students approach a great variety of material. Supplemented by suggestions for further reading, a glossary of important terms, text boxes highlighting significant equations and concepts, review questions at the end of each chapter, and an abundance of illustrative examples and visual material, this text is a fascinating introduction to marine biology which is both accessible to and captivating for students of marine biology, marine ecology, and marine science.
Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review considers basic areas of marine research, returning to them when appropriate in future volumes, and deals with subjects of special and topical importance in the field of marine biology. The thirty-seventh volume follows closely the objectives and style of the earlier well received volumes, continuing to regard marine sciences - with all their various aspects - as a unit. Physical, chemical and biological aspects of marine science are dealt with by experts actively engaged in their own field. The series is an essential reference text for research workers and students in all fields of marine science and related subjects, and is consistently among the highest ranking impact factors for the marine biology category of the citation indices compiled by the Institute for Scientific Education.
Biodiversity loss in terrestrial environments associated with human activities has been appreciated as a major issue for some years now. What is less well documented is the effect of such activities, including climate change, on marine biodiversity. This pioneering book is the first to address this important but neglected topic, which is likely to be the key challenge for marine scientists in the near future. Using a multidisciplinary and a holistic approach, the book reveals how climatic variability controls biodiversity at time scales ranging from synoptic meteorological events to millions of years and at spatial scales ranging from local sites to the whole ocean. It shows how global change, including anthropogenic climate change, ocean acidification and more direct human influences such as exploitation, pollution and eutrophication may alter biodiversity, ecosystem functioning and regulating and provisioning services. The author proposes a theory termed the 'macroecological theory on the arrangement of life', which explains how biodiversity is organized and how it responds to climatic variability and anthropogenic climate change. The book concludes with recommendations for further research and theoretical development to identify oceanic areas in need of observation and gaps in current scientific knowledge. Many references and comparisons with the terrestrial realm are included in all chapters to better understand the universality of the relationships between biodiversity, climate and the environment. The book will serve as a textbook for all students and researchers of marine science and environmental change, but will also be accessible to the more general reader.
A fascinating guide to a career in marine biology written by bestselling journalist Virginia Morell and based on the real-life experiences of an expert in the field—essential reading for someone considering a path to this profession. For the last two decades, Dr. Robin Baird has spent two months out of each year aboard a twenty-four-foot Zodiac boat in the waters off the big island of Hawai'i, researching the twenty-five species of whales and dolphins that live in the Pacific Ocean. His life may seem an impossible dream—but his career path from being the first person in his family to graduate college to becoming the leading expert on some of Hawai'i's marine mammals was full of twists and turns. Join Baird aboard his Zodiac for a candid look at the realities of life as a research scientist, from the ever-present struggles to secure grants and publish new data, to the joys of helping to protect the ocean and its inhabitants. You’ll also learn pro tips, like the unexpected upsides to not majoring in marine biology and the usefulness of hobbies like sailing, birdwatching, photography, and archery. (You’ll need good aim to tag animals with the tiny recording devices that track their movements.) Becoming a Marine Biologist is an essential guide for anyone looking to turn a passion for the natural world into a career. This is the most valuable informational interview you’ll have—required reading for anyone considering this challenging yet rewarding path.
In "Deep-Sea Biodiversity," Michael Rex and Ron Etter present the first synthesis of patterns and causes of biodiversity in organisms that dwell in the vast sediment ecosystem that blankets the ocean floor. "Deep-Sea Biodiversity" offers a new understanding of marine biodiversity that will be of general interest to ecologists and is crucial to responsible exploitation of natural resources at the deep-sea floor.
Il y a plusieurs décennies, les efforts des administrations consistaient essentiellement à développer la pêche et l'aquaculture et à veiller à ce que la production et la consommation augmentent. Lorsque, dans les années 80, de nombreuses ressources ont été exploitées complètement ou à l'excès, les décideurs ont commencé à être attentifs à la gestion des pêches, outre au développement de l'aquaculture. On a ensuite constaté de nombreux échecs de la gestion des pêches, ce qui a conduit les États Membres de la FAO et autres parties prenantes à élargir l'approche et la gouvernance. En d'autres termes, l'ensemble des dispositifs juridiques, sociaux, économiques et politiques utilisés pour gérer les pêches et l'aquaculture de façon durable est actuellement considéré comme un contexte nécessaire pour le gestion, et devient aujourd'hui la principale préoccupation.

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