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Physics of New Materials starts from basic science, specially solid-state physics, and then moves into the research and development of advanced materials. The emphasis of the discussions is concentrated on the electronicand atomic structures and properties of transition-metal systems, liquidand amorphous materials, the nano-phase materials, layered compounds, martensite and other structural-transformed materials, and ordered alloys. Though these discussions, the physical aspects and principles ofnew materials, such as strong ferromagnetic alloys, shape memory alloys, amorphous alloys, ultra-fine particles, intercalated layered compounds, deformable ceramics, and nuclear-physics techniques. In addition to these theoretical treatments, modern experimental techniques, exemplified by M|ssbauer spectroscopy and electron microscopy, demonstrate the vast scope of schemes needed in the development of new materials.